Kim Edward Beazley

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This article is about the former Australian Education Minister. For his son, see Kim Beazley.
The Honourable
Kim Beazley
AO
KimEdwardBeazleySr.jpg
Taken in 1949
Minister for Education
In office
19 December 1972 – 11 November 1975
Prime Minister Gough Whitlam
Preceded by Gough Whitlam
Succeeded by John Dawkins
Member of the Australian Parliament for Fremantle
In office
18 July 1945 – 10 December 1977
Preceded by John Curtin
Personal details
Born (1917-09-30)30 September 1917
Northam, Western Australia
Died 12 October 2007(2007-10-12) (aged 90)
Claremont, Western Australia
Nationality Australian
Political party Australian Labor Party
Spouse(s) Betty Judge
Children Kim, Merrilyn, David

Kim Edward Beazley, AO (30 September 1917 – 12 October 2007), known as Kim Beazley during his career, Australian politician, was Minister for Education in the government of Gough Whitlam and a Labor member of the Australian House of Representatives for 32 years, from 1945 to 1977.

Early life and education[edit]

Beazley, the youngest of seven children, was born in Northam and grew up in Fremantle. He was the son of Alfred Beazley, a storeman and packer, and his wife Mary Wright.[1]

He showed early scholastic promise, winning a place at the academically selective Perth Modern School (1933–1935), where he topped the state in History and English. He studied at Claremont Teachers College, and worked as a teacher at Arthur River, East Fremantle, Midland Junction and Claremont. He studied politics at the University of Western Australia (UWA), and tutored at Claremont Teachers College and at UWA. He was later to gain an MA from the Australian National University.[1]

Career[edit]

He was active in the Labor Party, and the elegance of his writings and the eloquence of his speeches marked him out as a rising star. He served as vice president of the State School Teachers' Union and as a member of the State Executive of the Party.[2]

On the death in office of Prime Minister John Curtin in 1945, Beazley, at the age of 27 was preselected for, and won, Curtin's Federal Parliament seat of Fremantle. He was the youngest member of the federal parliament when elected, and was known as "the student prince".[3] He became the Father of the House in 1975, and held his seat until he retired in 1977.

A committed Christian (he was brought up and baptised in the Church of Christ),[4]:p.24 and member of Moral Rearmament, Beazley was prominent on the right-wing of the Labor Party during the ideological battles of the 1950s and 1960s. He claimed a central role in the events leading to the Labor Party's fateful 1954 split and harboured lifelong regret that he failed to help avert the split when he felt it had been in his power to do so.[4]:p.102 During the leadership of Arthur Calwell (from 1960 to 1967) he was considered a possible future leader of the party, but his right-wing views, particularly his support for the U.S. Alliance, cost him support, and Gough Whitlam emerged as Calwell's successor.

Beazley was the education minister in the Whitlam Government from 1972 to 1975. He carried out important reforms in the education field, such as abolishing university fees and introducing needs-based funding for all schools through the Schools Commission.[5]

Later life and death[edit]

After the defeat of the Whitlam Government in 1975, Beazley was elected to the Labor front bench, but resigned when it was revealed that Gough Whitlam and Bill Hartley, with the ALP national secretary, David Combe, had been seeking money from the Iraqi Ba'ath Party to pay for the party's election campaign.[6] He retired from politics in 1977.[2] At the time of his death he was the last surviving member from the period of the Chifley Labor Government (1945–49) and the earliest surviving member of the Commonwealth Parliament. He died in Perth on 12 October 2007, and was accorded a state funeral on 20 October.[5] His memoirs were published posthumously in February 2009.[4] with a foreword by his son Kim Christian Beazley who himself had a distinguished career as a Labor politician and party leader.

Kim Edward Beazley's death came almost a year after the death of his other son, David.

Personal life[edit]

Beazley married Betty Judge, a fellow teacher, union official and an athlete (she was Australian women's 880 yards champion), on 7 February 1948, at Claremont. They had two sons, including Rhodes Scholar and Deputy Prime Minister Kim Christian Beazley, and one daughter.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Kim Edward Beazley - Member for Fremantle 1945-1977". John Curtin Prime Ministerial Library. Retrieved 2011-04-27. 
  2. ^ a b c Pearce, Bob (2007-10-15). "Labor's moral pillar". The Australian. Retrieved 2011-04-27. 
  3. ^ Farquharson, John: Beazley Snr, a politician of extraordinary principle, The Age, 15 October 2007.
  4. ^ a b c In Beazley K E Father of the House: The memoirs of Kim E Beazley Fremantle Press, January 2009
  5. ^ a b State funeral planned for Beazley Sr, Australian Broadcasting Corporation, 14 October 2007.
  6. ^ Parkinson, Tony Shame, Whitlam Shame The Age, 15 Nov 2005

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Gough Whitlam
Minister for Education
1972–1975
Succeeded by
Margaret Guilfoyle
Parliament of Australia
Preceded by
John Curtin
Member for Fremantle
1945–1977
Succeeded by
John Dawkins
Preceded by
Fred Daly
Father of the House of Representatives
1975–1977
Succeeded by
Clyde Cameron/
Sir William McMahon