Northam, Western Australia
|Population||6,580 (2011 census)|
|Elevation||170 m (558 ft)|
|Location||96 km (60 mi) from Perth|
|LGA(s)||Shire of Northam|
|State electorate(s)||Central Wheatbelt|
Northam // is a town in Western Australia, situated at the confluence of the Avon and Mortlock Rivers, about 97 kilometres (60 mi) north-east of Perth in the Avon Valley. At the 2011 census, Northam had a population of 6,580. Northam is the largest town in the Avon region. It is also the largest inland town in the state not founded on mining.
- 1 History
- 2 Climate
- 3 Government
- 4 Airport and roads
- 5 River
- 6 Transport
- 7 Tourism
- 8 Railways
- 9 Education
- 10 Sport
- 11 Events in Northam
- 12 Notable people
- 13 See also
- 14 Notes
- 15 Further reading
- 16 External links
The area around Northam was first explored in 1830 by a party of colonists led by Ensign Robert Dale, and subsequently founded in 1833. It was named by Governor Stirling, probably after a village of the same name in Devon, England. Almost immediately it became a point of departure for explorers and settlers who were interested in the lands which lay to the east.
This initial importance declined with the growing importance of the other nearby towns of York and Beverley, but the arrival of the railway made Northam the major departure point for fossickers and miners who headed east towards the goldfields.
A number of older buildings have local heritage significance and still serve the community in the 21st century.
Northam was the focus of nationwide media attention in 2009 after its police arrested and detained a 12-year-old Aboriginal boy on charges of receiving stolen goods after he had been given a Freddo Frog, a small chocolate snack, stolen from a shop. After missing a court date in connection with the matter, the boy, who had no previous convictions, had been arrested and held for several hours in a police cell. The boy's lawyer, Peter Collins from the Aboriginal Legal Service, suggested that the same action would not have been taken against a "non-Aboriginal kid from an affluent Perth suburb with professional parents". The police denied this, and said the boy had come to their attention in the past. The charges were subsequently dropped, and an order for legal costs of one thousand Australian dollars was made in the boy's favour.
A severe thunderstorm lashed the town and surrounding areas on 27 January 2011 resulting in roofs being ripped off, trees being uprooted and power lines being brought down. About 50 houses were damaged in the town as a result of the storm but no injuries were reported.
Northam Migrant Accommodation Centre
The Northam Migrant Accommodation Centre closed in September 1951. It had been the first place of residence in Western Australia for approximately 15,000 immigrants from the Baltic states, Hungary, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Italy, Yugoslavia, Ukraine, Belarus and Bulgaria. During the peak immigration period, Northam had the largest immigrant receiving facilities within the State and the third largest in Australia. By 1950, the camp housed 4,000 people and two new blocks of huts were built to accommodate them all. By May 1954, 23,000 migrants had passed through the Northam Camp once the Accommodation Centre had closed. A significant number of these post-war arrivals eventually settled in the Northam area.
Yongah Hill Immigration Detention Centre
On 18 October 2010 the Yongah Hill (YHIDC) centre was announced as being established at the former Northam Training Camp. It was not opened until early 2012, however, and, after it was downsized from the original 1500 expected occupancy, talk of expansion has been happening.
Northam has a Mediterranean climate with hot dry summers and cool wet winters.
|Climate data for Northam|
|Record high °C (°F)||46.2
|Average high °C (°F)||34.2
|Average low °C (°F)||17.1
|Record low °C (°F)||7.3
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||10.4
|Average precipitation days||1.9||2.1||3.0||5.5||10.5||14.5||15.9||13.8||10.7||7.2||4.0||2.2||91.3|
For many years Northam consisted of the Town of Northam and Shire of Northam. After 53 years of debates and attempts, these two councils merged on 1 July 2007 to form one new council called the Shire of Northam.
Airport and roads
The town and hinterland of Northam are located in the Avon Valley - so named after the river the Avon River. It has been periodically flooded, and man-made banks protect the town from inundation. The Avon is a name commonly used by organisations, newspapers and sporting groups.
Northam is connected to Perth via coach services N3 and N5 and rail services Prospector and Avon link provided by Transwa
Northam has a number of tourist attractions, including Hot Air Ballooning, wineries, cafes & restaurants, museums, hotels and motels.
Northam is a major railway junction, and serves as the commercial centre for much of the western Wheatbelt. The dual gauge Eastern Railway terminates here and becomes the standard gauge Eastern Goldfields Railway. Narrow gauge radiates both south of the town to York and beyond (Great Southern Railway), and north to Goomalling, another rural railway junction.
Current railway station
Original Railway Station
The original station on Fitzgerald Street was opened in 1900 and closed in 1966 when the new Eastern Railway route became operational.
The layout of the pre-1966 narrow gauge railway also had a busy junction at East Northam; this was removed on the completion of the new standard gauge railway.
See also: Northam Senior High School
Northam has a senior high school that conducts classes from Year 7 to Year 12. It also has 3 public primary schools – Northam Primary School, West Northam Primary School and Avonvale Primary School – that conduct classes from kindergarten to Year 6.
Northam has a private Catholic school, St Josephs, which provides an alternative to public schools. St Josephs conducts classes from kindergarten to Year 11.
Northam has some very committed sporting teams. Australian rules football is an obsession with many of the people of Western Australia. Northam has two teams that play in the Avon Football Association competition, Federals and Railways.
The BMX State Championships were held in Northam in 2003 with 3,000 competitors and spectators attending the event for over a week with Northam competitors showing their dominance in the sport in the state. Three local riders who participated in this event (Dale Reynolds - then ranked 3WA for 18 Men's, Chris Marris - then ranked 1WA for 18 Men's, and Kyle Martin - then ranked 4WA for 18 Men's) have subsequently completed cross country rides from Adelaide to Perth demonstrating the interest in cycling in Northam.
Steve Fossett became the first person to fly around the world alone, non-stop, in a hot air balloon when he launched from Northam on 19 June 2002, and returned to Australia on 3 July, landing in Queensland.
Between 1952 and 1956 several motor racing events were held using streets within the town. The first circuit used was on the south side of the Avon River, but this was considered too dangerous, so a new circuit was built in 1956 on the north side of the river.
Events in Northam
The annual Avon Descent river race starts in Northam.
The Northam Flying 50's, a historical car racing event, is held each year in early April, attracting around 5,000 spectators.
The Northam Agricultural Show is held annually on a Friday and Saturday in mid-September.
The Kep Ultra running race is held each year on the Foundation Day long weekend in early June. The race starts in Northam and includes 100 km and 75 km events finishing at Mundaring Weir.
Northam is the birthplace of the following people:
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Northam (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 28 September 2012.
- "Freddo case 'unfortunate' for police". ABC News. 18 November 2009. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
- "Freddo Frog charge to be withdrawn". WA News. 17 November 2009. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
- "Case dropped against Freddo Frog 'criminal'". news.com.au. 18 November 2009. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
- "Boy, 12, awarded costs for chocolate frog charge". Perth Now. 23 November 2009. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
- "Wheatbelt towns lashed by thunderstorms, but cyclone warning cancelled". The Sunday Times. 28 January 2011. Retrieved 24 April 2011.
- "Houses damaged in trail of destruction across WA". The West Australian. 31 January 2011. Retrieved 24 April 2011.
- See for example, a biographical account of a migrant at the Northam Accommodation Centre
- Peters, Nonja; Bush, Fiona; Gregory, Jenny (Jennifer Anne); Australian Heritage Commission; University of Western Australia. Centre for Western Australian History; Heritage Council of Western Australia (1993), The Holden Immigration Camp, Northam, Centre for Western Australian History; [East Perth, W.A. : distributed by the Heritage Council], retrieved 1 April 2013
- Northam Accommodation Centre
- "Climate statistics for Northam". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 25 June 2011.
- "Northam.". Western Mail (Perth, WA : 1885 - 1954). Perth, WA: National Library of Australia. 17 December 1897. p. 24. Retrieved 15 November 2012.
- Timetables Transwa
- Breath of life for old railway station Avon Valley Advocate 11 September 2006
- First successful solo attempt
- Walker, Terry (1995). Fast Tracks - Australia's Motor Racing Circuits: 1904-1995. Wahroonga, NSW: Turton & Armstrong. p. 112. ISBN 0908031556.
- Galpin, Darren. "Northam". GEL Motorsport Information Page. Retrieved 3 April 2016.
- Kep Ultra website
- Peters, Nonja, and Fiona Bush and Jenny Gregory The Holden Immigration Camp, Northam Nedlands, W.A. Centre for Western Australian History; East Perth, W.A: distributed by the Heritage Council, 1993.
- History of Northam www.westaustralianvista.com. Retrieved 17 September 2006.
- Official Northam town website Retrieved 17 September 2006.
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