|Founded by||Baron Edmond de Rothschild and the JCA; settled by local Jewish farmers|
Kinneret (Hebrew: כִּנֶּרֶת), also known as Moshavat Kinneret to distinguish it from the neighbouring settlement of Kvutzat Kinneret (which is organised as a kibbutz), is a moshava on the southwestern shore of the Sea of Galilee in Israel. Located in the north of the Jordan Valley, 6 kilometers south of Tiberias, it falls under the jurisdiction of Emek HaYarden Regional Council. The village sits at around 185 meters below sea level, and in 2019 it had a population of 686. Kinneret Farm, an experimental training farm, was founded at the same time as the moshava and adjacent to it, as a separate and autonomous project.
The name of Moshavat Kinneret derives from an ancient Canaanite town, which was however located close to the other, northern end of the lake's western shore. According to the Hebrew Bible, the town of Kinneret fell into the allotment of the tribe of Naphtali (Joshua 19:35), while the area of modern Moshavat Kinneret was probably also part of Naphtali, or (depending on interpretation) of Issachar or Zebulun. In the Hebrew Bible the Sea of Galilee was named Yam Kinneret, lit. the Sea of Kinneret, another reason for the name chosen for the moshava. The nearby ancient town of Bet Yerah was not inhabited during the time of the kingdoms of Israel and is thus not mentioned in the Hebrew Bible, its main relevance to the moshava being that it gave its name to the local high school, which is attended by children from the entire area, not just Moshavat Kinneret. The Roman-era site known as Tarichaea is said to have been in the vicinity.
Establishment in 1908
Two entities were established at this location: the village or "moshava", and a training farm known as Kinneret Farm or Kinneret Courtyard. The village was part of the settlement project of Baron Edmond de Rothschild and the Jewish Colonisation Association, while the Kinneret Farm was the initiative of the Palestine Bureau of the Zionist Organisation. The village and the farm shared infrastructure (health, security, cultural life), but served different purposes. The village was established as a frame for families willing to settle the land and start their own business.
After the establishment of the state
After Israeli independence the village became a local council with an area of 7,000 dunams. However, as part of a local government reorganisation in 2003, it came under the control of Emek HaYarden Regional Council.
The moshav operates a history museum in a building that housed the first local hospital.
The restored nearby Kinneret Farm also functions as a museum and educational center. The museum presents life at the Farm, personalities that lived there and national projects emanating from their work.
- Yitzhak Tabenkin (1888–1971) – founding member; Zionist activist and politician, co-founder of the kibbutz movement. His son Moshe Tabenkin (1917-1979) - poet, educator and soldier - was born in the moshava.
To the east of the village, across the road from the restored Kinneret Farm, is the historic Kinneret Cemetery. It has been used mainly by the three "Kinnerets" – the moshava, the farm, and from 1913 on by the kvutza. A great many pioneers and leaders of the Labour Zionist movement are buried there, making it into a secular pilgrimage site, a focus of Israeli "civil religion". Among those buried here are Berl Katznelson, Nachman Syrkin, Rachel Bluwstein, Ber Borochov, Moses Hess, Avraham Herzfeld and Shmuel Stoller. The first grave was dug in 1911 for Menahem "Mamashi" Shmueli (Shmulevich).
- Berl Katznelson, Zionist leader
- Rachel Bluwstein, usually referred to simply as "Rachel", Hebrew-language poet from pre-state Israel
- "Population in the Localities 2019" (XLS). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
- Moshav Kinneret Archived 2011-07-21 at the Wayback Machine
- "Kinneret Regional Project". Archived from the original on 2013-10-29. Retrieved 2014-08-21.
- "Tel Bet Yerah Research and Excavation Project".
- "Kinneret Courtyard". Archived from the original on 2014-08-19. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Ron, Amos (1998). Houtman, Alberdina; Poorthuis, M. J. H. M.; Schwartz, Joshua J. (eds.). A Rachel for Everyone: The Kinneret Cemetery as a Site of Civil Pilgrimage. Sanctity of Time and Space in Tradition and Modernity. Jewish and Christian Perspectives. Volume 1. BRILL. p. 349-359 . ISBN 9789004112339. Retrieved 23 May 2016.
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