|Affiliation||Jewish Colonization Association|
|Founded by||Local Jewish farmers|
Kinneret (Hebrew: כִּנֶּרֶת) is a moshava on the southwestern shore of the Sea of Galilee in Israel. Located in the north of the Jordan Valley, 6 kilometers south of Tiberias, it falls under the jurisdiction of Emek HaYarden Regional Council. The village sits at around 185 meters below sea level, and in 2010 it had a population of 1,087. Its complete Hebrew name is Moshavat Kinneret, to distinguish it from the immediately neighbouring settlement of Kvutzat Kinneret, which is organised as a kibbutz.
The name of Moshavat Kinneret derives from an ancient Canaanite town, which was however located close to the other, northern end of the lake's western shore. According to the Hebrew Bible, the town of Kinneret fell into the allotment of the tribe of Naphtali (Joshua 19:35), while the area of modern Moshavat Kinneret was probably also part of Naphtali, or (depending on interpretation) of Issachar or Zebulun. In the Hebrew Bible the Sea of Galilee was named Yam Kinneret, lit. the Sea of Kinneret, another reason for the name chosen for the moshava. The nearby ancient town of Bet Yerah was not inhabited during the time of the kingdoms of Israel and is thus not mentioned in the Hebrew Bible, its main relevance to the moshava being that it gave its name to the local high school, which is attended by children from the entire area, not just Moshavat Kinneret.
In June 1908 the first settlement began as an experiment at Kinneret village on the shores of Gallilee by Arthur Ruppin, a colleague of the leading Zionists. The early days were marked by starvation and conflict. After a workers' strike in October 1909, a co-operative split away from Kinneret: seven pioneers founded the first kvutza, named Degania. They derived inspiration from Ber Borochov's ideas. The Jewish Left called for integration of Arab and Jewish workers alike.
The two entities were established at this location: the village or "moshava" and a training farm. The village was part of the settlement project of Baron Edmond de Rothschild and the Jewish Colonization Association, while the Kinneret Farm was the initiative of the Palestine Bureau of the Zionist Organisation. The village and the farm shared infrastructure (health, security, cultural life), but served different purposes. The village offered a frame for families willing to settle the land and start their own business, while the farm was meant as a training facility for agricultural work and became a laboratory for social and economic experiments, many of the structures and organisations on which pre-State Jewish and post-1948 Israeli society relied and still relies being initiated here. Such are the communal settlement forms of the kvutza, kibbutz and moshav, the women's rights movement beginning with an agricultural training farm for women in 1911 and continuing with the first assembly of women farmers in 1914, the cooperatives HaMashbir (for the sale of food during World War I; est. 1916) and Tnuva (milk and dairy products; est. 1926), the Solel Boneh construction company (est. 1921) which emerged from the Work Battalion, the Bank Hapoalim or "workers' bank", the kupat holim public health care system, and last not least the Haganah paramilitary organisation. The Farm residents also had a major role in establishing and shaping the Histadrut labor union.
The farm is known as Havat Kinneret (Hebrew: חוות כנרת, lit. Kinneret Farm) or Hatzer Kinneret, the Kinneret Courtyard. In its early years it was settled by local Jewish farmers from the surrounding villages, and very soon after by the very young pioneers of the Second Aliyah. The original Jewish settlers stayed in the so-called Khan, actually a storage building bought from a local Bedouin tribe. Beit Ha'almot or Havat Ha'almot (lit. the Maidens' House or Farm), an agricultural training farm for women, was established within the colony in 1911. Pioneers from the Kinneret Farm founded the first kvutzot or small farming communes, Degania Alef in 1910 and Kvutzat Kinneret in 1913, as well as the first large farming commune or kibbutz, Ein Harod, and the first communal agricultural village or moshav, Nahalal, both in 1921. One of the founders of the Kinneret Farm, Ben-Zion Israeli (1887–1984), helped reintroduce date palms to Palestine by travelling to Iraq, Iran, Kurdistan and Egypt in the 1930s where he identified suitable varieties of which he bought and adventurously brought back large quantities of saplings.
After Israeli independence the village became a local council with an area of 7,000 dunams. However, as part of a local government reorganisation in 2003, it came under the control of Emek HaYarden Regional Council.
Moshav Kinneret operates a history museum in a building that housed the first local hospital. The restored Kinneret Farm also functions as a museum and seminary center.
To the east of the village, across the road from the restored Kinneret Farm, is the historic Kinneret Cemetery where many pioneers and leaders of the Labour movement are buried, among them Berl Katznelson, Nachman Syrkin, Rachel Bluwstein, Ber Borochov, Moses Hess, Avraham Herzfeld and Shmuel Stoller. The first grave was dug in 1911 for Menahem Shmueli (Mamashi).
- "Locality File" (XLS). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 2009. Retrieved 2011-02-06.
- Moshav Kinneret
- "Kinneret Regional Project".
- "Tel Bet Yerah Research and Excavation Project".
- Colin Shindler, A History of Modern Israel, p.21
- "Kinneret Courtyard".
- "Hamashbi Hamerkazi".
- Shafir, Gershon (1989 undated 1996) Land, Labour and the Origins of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict 1882-1914 University of California Press ISBN 0-520-20401-8 p 199
- "Kinneret Courtyard".
- Kinneret Museum