From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Koeleria pyramidata
(figure B at right)[4]
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Pooideae
Supertribe: Poodae
Tribe: Poeae
Subtribe: Aveninae
Genus: Koeleria
Type species
Poa nitida
(syn of Koeleria macrantha)
  • Achaeta E.Fourn.
  • Airochloa Link
  • Brachystylus Dulac
  • Collinaria Ehrh.
  • Leptophyllochloa Calderón ex Nicora

Koeleria is a common and widespread genus of plants in the grass family, found on all continents except Antarctica and on various oceanic islands. It includes species known generally as Junegrasses.[6][7][8][9][10][11]

The genus was named after German botanist Georg Ludwig Koeler (1765–1807).[12]

Formerly included[5]

hundreds of species once included in Koeleria but now considered better suited to other genera including Aeluropus, Agrostis, Colpodium, Dactylis, Erioneuron, Festuca, Graphephorum, Rostraria, Schismus, Sesleria, Trisetaria and Trisetum.


  1. ^ Persoon, Christiaan Hendrik 1805. Synopsis Plantarum 1: 97
  2. ^ lectotype designated by Nash in Britton & Brown Ill. Fl. N. U. S. 1: 245 (1913)
  3. ^ Tropicos, Koeleria Pers.
  4. ^ 1885 illustration from Prof. Dr. Otto Wilhelm Thomé (author), Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz 1885, Gera, Germany
  5. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  6. ^ United States Department of Agriculture Plants Profile: genus Koeleria
  7. ^ Ada Hayden Herbarium, Iowa State University, junegrass (prairie junegrass, crested hairgrass, Koeler's grass) Koeleria macrantha (Ledeb.) Schult.
  8. ^ Flora of China Vol. 22 Page 330 草属 qia cao shu Koeleria Persoon, Syn. Pl. 1: 97. 1805.
  9. ^ Flora Italiana, genere Koeleria
  10. ^ Edgar, E. & E. S. Gibb. 1999. Koeleria Pers. (Gramineae: Aveneae) in New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Botany 37: 51–61.
  11. ^ Quintanar, A. & S. Castroviejo Bolíbar. 2013 [2014]. Taxonomic revision of Koeleria (Poaceae) in the Western Mediterranean Basin and Macaronesia. Systematic Botany 38(4): 1029–1061, figures 1–13
  12. ^ Helmut Genaust (2005). Etymologisches Wörterbuch der botanischen Pflanzennamen (3rd ed.). Hamburg: Nikol. ISBN 978-3-937872-16-2.
  13. ^ Plant List search for Koeleria