Zheleznogorsk, Krasnoyarsk Krai

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Zheleznogorsk

Железногорск
Checkpoint at the entrance to the town
Checkpoint at the entrance to the town
Flag of Zheleznogorsk
Flag
Coat of arms of Zheleznogorsk
Coat of arms
Location of Zheleznogorsk
Zheleznogorsk is located in Russia
Zheleznogorsk
Zheleznogorsk
Location of Zheleznogorsk
Zheleznogorsk is located in Krasnoyarsk Krai
Zheleznogorsk
Zheleznogorsk
Zheleznogorsk (Krasnoyarsk Krai)
Coordinates: 56°15′00″N 93°32′00″E / 56.25000°N 93.53333°E / 56.25000; 93.53333Coordinates: 56°15′00″N 93°32′00″E / 56.25000°N 93.53333°E / 56.25000; 93.53333
CountryRussia
Federal subjectKrasnoyarsk Krai[1]
[2]1950
Government
 • HeadIgor Germanovich Kuksin
Area
 • Total456 km2 (176 sq mi)
Elevation
150 m (490 ft)
Population
 • Total84,795
 • Estimate 
(2018)[4]
83,857 (-1.1%)
 • Rank196th in 2010
 • Density190/km2 (480/sq mi)
 • Subordinated toclosed administrative-territorial formation of Zheleznogorsk[1]
 • Capital ofclosed administrative-territorial formation of Zheleznogorsk[1]
 • Urban okrugZheleznogorsk Urban Okrug[5]
 • Capital ofZheleznogorsk Urban Okrug[5]
Time zoneUTC+7 (MSK+4 Edit this on Wikidata[6])
Postal code(s)[7]
662970–662973, 662976–662978, 662980
Dialing code(s)+7 39197
OKTMO ID04735000001
Websiteadmk26.ru

Zheleznogorsk (Russian: Железного́рск) is a closed town in Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia, with a developed nuclear industry. Population: 84,795 (2010 Census);[3] 93,875 (2002 Census).[8]

It was previously known as Krasnoyarsk-26.[9]

History[edit]

The town was formerly known as Krasnoyarsk-26 (Красноя́рск-26).[9]

It was established in 1950 for the production of weapons-grade plutonium.[2] The history of the town and the associated defense complex are intertwined. In 1959, the Government created the Eastern office of OKB-1 (later known as NPO PM) under the supervision of M.F. Reshetnev. Defense plants included nuclear facilities built within caverns excavated in the granite mountain on the northern edge of the city as well as space research enterprises.[10]

It was a secret town in the Soviet Union until President Boris Yeltsin decreed in 1992 that such places could use their historical names. Before then, the town had not appeared on any official maps. As is the tradition with Soviet towns containing secret facilities, "Krasnoyarsk-26" is actually a P.O. Box number and implies that the place is located some distance from the city of Krasnoyarsk. The town was also known as Soctown, Iron City, the Nine,[11] and Atom Town.[10]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is, together with five rural localities, incorporated as the closed administrative-territorial formation of Zheleznogorsk—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, the closed administrative-territorial formation of Zheleznogorsk is incorporated as Zheleznogorsk Urban Okrug.[5]

Economy[edit]

LiAZ-5256 bus

Zheleznogorsk is the location of the Krasnoyarsk Mining and Chemical Combine, a combine which played a significant role in the early Russian nuclear weapons production campaigns.

Zheleznogorsk is also the location for the production of plutonium, electricity and district heat using graphite-moderated water-cooled reactors. The last reactor was shut down permanently in April 2010.[12] It is the location of a military reprocessing facility and for a Russian commercial nuclear-waste storage facility.

A significant employer in the city is ISS Reshetnev (Reshetnev Information Satellite Systems), Russia's largest satellite manufacturer and the prime developer of the GLONASS program.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Law #10-4765
  2. ^ a b World Data Centers in Russia. Information about the Krasnoyarsk Mining and Chemical Combine (in Russian)
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  4. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
  5. ^ a b c Law #14-3412
  6. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). 3 June 2011. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
  7. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  8. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (21 May 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  9. ^ a b Zhigulsky, Anton (October 25, 1995). "Former Closed Cities Host International Fair". The Moscow Times. Retrieved 13 January 2015.
  10. ^ a b Atom Town, edited by Vladimir Medvedev, "Bear" Company, Zheleznogorsk.
  11. ^ The Siberia Chemical Building Company was located in Zheleznogorsk but had a different postal code, Krasnoyarsk - 9.
  12. ^ "Ceremony marks end of a nuclear era". www.world-nuclear-news.org. Retrieved September 29, 2017.

Sources[edit]

  • Законодательное собрание Красноярского края. Закон №10-4765 от 10 июня 2010 г. «О перечне административно-территориальных единиц и территориальных единиц Красноярского края», в ред. Закона №7-3007 от 16 декабря 2014 г. «Об изменении административно-территориального устройства Большеулуйского района и о внесении изменений в Закон края "О перечне административно-территориальных единиц и территориальных единиц Красноярского края"». Вступил в силу 1 июля 2010 г. Опубликован: "Ведомости высших органов государственной власти Красноярского края", №33(404), 5 июля 2010 г. (Legislative Assembly of Krasnoyarsk Krai. Law #10-4765 of June 10, 2010 On the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units and the Territorial Units of Krasnoyarsk Krai, as amended by the Law #7-3007 of December 16, 2014 On Changing the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Bolsheuluysky District and on Amending the Krai Law "On the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units and the Territorial Units of Krasnoyarsk Krai". Effective as of July 1, 2010.).
  • Законодательное собрание Красноярского края. Закон №14-3412 от 26 мая 2005 г. «О статусе закрытых административно-территориальных образований Красноярского края», в ред. Закона №8-2948 от 19 февраля 2009 г. «О внесении изменения в статью 1 Закона края «О статусе закрытых административно-территориальных образований Красноярского края»». Вступил в силу через десять дней после официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ведомости высших органов государственной власти Красноярского края", №26, 23 июня 2005 г. (Legislative Assembly of Krasnoyarsk Krai. Law #14-3412 of May 26, 2005 On the Status of the Closed Administrative-Territorial Formations of Krasnoyarsk Krai, as amended by the Law #8-2948 of February 19, 2009 On Amending Article 1 of the Krai Law "On the Status of the Closed Administrative-Territorial Formations of Krasnoyarsk Krai". Effective as of ten days after the official publication.).

External links[edit]