Krsta Cicvarić

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Krsta Cicvarić
Born September 14, 1879
Nikojevići, near Užice, Principality of Serbia
Died October 31, 1944(1944-10-31) (aged 65)
Belgrade, Democratic Federal Yugoslavia
Occupation Social and political activist, journalist, writer, political philosopher

Krsta Cicvarić (Serbian: Крста Цицварић) (September 14, 1879 – October 31, 1944) was a Serbian political activist, anarcho-syndicalist and journalist.[1] He was shot on 31 October 1944 by the Yugoslav Partisans after the Belgrade Offensive.

Life[edit]

Cicvarić was born on September 14, 1879 in the village of Nikojevići, near Užice, then part of the Principality of Serbia.

He attended the Gymnasium in Užice. Because of the confrontations with his professor Nastas Petrović, a member of the People's Radical Party, who claimed Cicvarić's political views to be "demonic",[2] he dropped out of the Užice Gymnasium.

He soon left the city altogether and moved to Belgrade where he completed the Gymnasium and enrolled at the University of Belgrade's Faculty of Philosophy. Subsequently, he enrolled in the University of Vienna, but decided to leave the studies and return to Serbia where he became a journalist and anarchist activist.

Cicvarić was arrested and imprisoned several times for his writings. He founded anarchist newspapers Hleb i sloboda (Bread and Freedom) and Radnička borba (Worker's Struggle) in 1905 and 1907, respectively. He was drafted and fought in the Serbian Army during the Balkan Wars. He was drafted again in World War I, and surrendered, becoming a prisoner of war of the Austria-Hungarian Empire. After the first world war, he became an independent publisher and editor of Beogradski dnevnik (Belgrade Daily). His journalistic writing style in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia was inflammatory, and his scandalous articles were criticized by many, so much that he was even compared with the influential American newspaper publisher William Randolph Hearst.[1] During these years, he was also a strong critic of the Soviet communism. He spent the final years of his life living in Belgrade, almost completely blind. However, after the Belgrade Offensive of 1944 in World War II, the Yugoslav communists accused him of being the co-editor of the collaborationist newspaper Balkan.

Cicvarić was shot without trial during the night between October 30 and 31, 1944. His burial site remains unknown.

Works[edit]

Cicvarić wrote only a couple of books in philosophy, and most of his works were political. He was a columnist in a lot of newspapers and was a fierce critic of the Serbian philosopher and scientist Branislav Petronijević. His entire life was devoted to writing books on anarchism and critique of the Western civilization. He was a fierce opponent of monarchism, communism, social democracy and imperialism.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Matić, Novica. "Ko je oklevetao Cicvarića". Srpsko nasleđe. Retrieved April 24, 2011. 
  2. ^ Đerić, Aleksandar. "Novinar, anarhista i filozof Krsta Cicvarić". Užice.net. Retrieved April 25, 2011. 

References[edit]

https://web.archive.org/web/20110726052457/http://wiki.infoshop.org/Anarchism_in_the_Former_Yugoslavia