Požarevac

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Požarevac

Град Пожаревац
City of Požarevac
Zgrada-SO.jpg
Pozarevacki-muzej.jpg
Ekološki dom, Čačalica.jpg
MilosObrenovic.jpg
Viminacijum 1 bn.JPG
From top: City Hall, Regional History Museum, Eco Home, Miloš Obrenović statue in the city park, Mausoleum and cemetery in Viminacium
Flag of Požarevac
Flag
Coat of arms of Požarevac
Coat of arms
Location of the city of Požarevac within Serbia
Location of the city of Požarevac within Serbia
Coordinates: 44°37′N 21°11′E / 44.617°N 21.183°E / 44.617; 21.183Coordinates: 44°37′N 21°11′E / 44.617°N 21.183°E / 44.617; 21.183
Country Serbia
RegionSouthern and Eastern Serbia
DistrictBraničevo
Municipalities2
Settlements27
Government
 • MayorBane Spasović (SNS)
Area
 • Urban74.39 km2 (28.72 sq mi)
 • Administrative483.18 km2 (186.56 sq mi)
Elevation
81 m (266 ft)
Population
(2011 census)[2]
 • Urban
44,183
 • Urban density590/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
 • Administrative
75,334
 • Administrative density160/km2 (400/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
12000
Area code+381(0)12
Car platesPO
Websitewww.pozarevac.rs

Požarevac (Serbian Cyrillic: Пожаревац, pronounced [pǒʒareʋats]) is a city and the administrative center of the Braničevo District in eastern Serbia. It is located between three rivers: Danube, Great Morava and Mlava. As of 2011, the city has a population of 44,183 inhabitants, while the city administrative area has 75,334 inhabitants.

Name[edit]

In Serbian, the city is known as Požarevac (Пожаревац), in Romanian as Pojarevaţ, in Turkish as Pasarofça, in German as Passarowitz, and in Hungarian as Pozsarevác.

The name means "fire-town" in Serbian (Here "fire" is in the sense of a disaster).[citation needed]

History[edit]

Ancient times[edit]

In ancient times, the area was inhabited by Thracians, Dacians, and Celts.[citation needed] There was a city at this locality known as Margus in Latin after the Roman conquest in the first century BC.[citation needed]

In 435, the city of Margus, under the Eastern Roman Empire, was the site of a treaty between the Byzantine Empire and the Hun leaders Attila and Bleda.[citation needed]

One pretext for the Hun invasion of the Eastern Roman Empire in 442 was that the Bishop of Margus had crossed the Danube to ransack and desecrate the royal Hun graves on the north bank of the Danube. When the Romans discussed handing over the Bishop, he slipped away and betrayed the city to the Huns, who then sacked the city and went on to invade as far as the gates of Constantinople itself.[citation needed]

After the fall of the Hunnic Empire, the area was again controlled by the Eastern Roman Empire. In the 6th century, it was briefly controlled by the Kingdom of the Gepids. Since the 6th century, the area was populated by Slavs, but the Eastern Roman Empire held a nominal control over the region until the 8th century when Balkan Slavs achieved de facto independence from the Eastern Empire. It was also ruled by Avar Khaganate before their demolition by Charlemagne. The area was subsequently included into the Bulgarian Empire and was alternately ruled by the Bulgarian Empire, the Byzantine Empire and the Kingdom of Hungary until the 13th century.

In the 13th century, the area was ruled by independent local Slavic-Bulgarian rulers, Drman and Kudelin. It was subsequently included into the Kingdom of Syrmia, ruled by Serbian king Stefan Dragutin and into the Kingdom of Serbia and Serbian Empire ruled by Stefan Dušan.

Archaeology[edit]

A Bronze Age figurine "The Idol of Kličevac" was found in a grave in the village of Kličevac. It was destroyed during World War I.[3]

The National Museum in Belgrade and Požarevac has some 40,000 items found in Viminacium, of which over 700 are of gold and silver. Among them are many invaluable rarities.

In June 2008, a Triballian (Thracian) grave was found with ceramics (urns). These date from the first millennium BC.[4]

Modern city[edit]

Reservist mobilization in Požarevac, 1914.

The modern town of Požarevac was first mentioned in the 14th century under the name Puporače[5][dubious ]; it first being mentioned under its present-day name in 1476.[6] The town became part of Moravian Serbia and Serbian Despotate, until the Ottoman conquest in 1459. During Ottoman administration, it was part of the Sanjak of Smederevo. It was occupied by Austrian Empire between 1688 and 1690.

In 1718, Požarevac was the site of the signing of the Treaty of Požarevac,[7] with the town then falling under Habsburg control and becoming part of the Habsburg Kingdom of Serbia (from 1718 to 1739). After 1739, the town reverted to Ottoman control except final Austrian occpation between 1789 and 1791. During the First Serbian Uprising (1804-1813), the town was part of the Karađorđe's Serbia. At the end of the uprising in 1813, the town came briefly once more under direct Ottoman control. However, following the Second Serbian Uprising from 1815, the town then became part of the autonomous Ottoman Principality of Serbia. Požarevac was the second capital of the Serbian prince, Miloš Obrenović with the first regular state court in Serbia being established here in 1821. Since 1878, Požarevac became part of the independent Principality of Serbia and since 1882 as part of the Kingdom of Serbia.

Following the end of the First World War in 1918, the town was part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (renamed the Kingdom of Yugoslavia in 1929). From 1929 to 1941, Požarevac was part of the Danube Banovina of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. During the Axis occupation of Yugoslavia, from 1941 to 1944, it was part of the Territory of the Military Commander in Serbia. From 1944, Požarevac became part of the new socialist Serbia within socialist Yugoslavia. And from 1992, the town became part of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (renamed as Serbia and Montenegro in 2003). Since 2006 it has been part of the Republic of Serbia.

Settlements[edit]

The City of Požarevac includes two city municipalities:

These include the following settlements:

In the 2008 reform of Serbian local government, Požarevac received the status of a city and the town of Kostolac became the seat of the second city municipality. Požarevac is the smallest Serbian city consisting of two municipalities.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
190012,980—    
190512,162−6.3%
191013,613+11.9%
192111,500−15.5%
193114,042+22.1%
194116,300+16.1%
194815,474−5.1%
195318,529+19.7%
196124,269+31.0%
197132,828+35.3%
198139,735+21.0%
199141,160+3.6%
200241,736+1.4%
201144,183+5.9%
Data for pre-1948 censuses not cited
Source: [8]

As of 2011, the city of Požarevac has a total population of 75,334 inhabitants.

Ethnic groups[edit]

The ethnic composition of the municipal area of the city of Požarevac:[9]

Ethnic group Population
Serbs 66,801
Romani 3,868
Vlachs 177
Macedonians 168
Montenegrins 160
Croats 109
Romanians 91
Yugoslavs 71
Hungarians 56
Muslims 42
Slovenians 38
Bulgarians 35
Others 3,718
Total 75,334

Economy[edit]

The following table gives a preview of total number of employed people per their core activity (as of 2016):[10]

Activity Total
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 378
Mining 151
Processing industry 2,905
Distribution of power, gas and water 3,429
Distribution of water and water waste management 423
Construction 738
Wholesale and retail, repair 3,016
Traffic, storage and communication 1,202
Hotels and restaurants 567
Media and telecommunications 499
Finance and insurance 331
Property stock and charter 26
Professional, scientific, innovative and technical activities 475
Administrative and other services 1,231
Administration and social assurance 1,817
Education 1,245
Healthcare and social work 2,059
Art, leisure and recreation 306
Other services 346
Total 21,145

Politics[edit]

Seats in the municipality parliament won in the 2016 local elections:

  • Serbian Progressive Party (38)
  • Socialist Party of Serbia (17)
  • Democratic Party (6)
  • Civil Group "Iskorak"(4)
  • Minority Lists (3)

Education[edit]

  • Požarevac Gymnasium (Požarevačka gimnazija), a college-preparatory high school
  • Technical College (Visoka tehnička škola strukovnih studija u Požarevcu)[11]

People associated with Požarevac[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

Požarevac is twinned with:

Image gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 2010-11-28.
  2. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
  3. ^ "[Projekat Rastko] Dr Draga Garasanin: Bronze Age in Serbia". Rastko.rs. Retrieved 2013-09-30.
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-02-08. Retrieved 2009-02-08.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ "Požarevac, Kostolac, Malo Crniće, Petrovac « National Tourism Organisation of Serbia". Serbia.travel. Archived from the original on 2013-10-02. Retrieved 2013-09-30.
  6. ^ "Историјат". Pozarevac.rs. Retrieved 2013-09-30.
  7. ^ Ingrao, Samardžić & Pešalj 2011.
  8. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 11 January 2017.
  9. ^ "ETHNICITY Data by municipalities and cities" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 20 February 2018.
  10. ^ "ОПШТИНЕ И РЕГИОНИ У РЕПУБЛИЦИ СРБИЈИ, 2017" (PDF). stat.gov.rs (in Serbian). Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 20 February 2018.
  11. ^ "ВТШСС Пожаревац". Vts-pozarevac.edu.rs. 2013-09-20. Retrieved 2013-09-30.
  12. ^ Volokolamski pravac

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]