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For other uses, see L'Hospitalet (disambiguation).
The church and surrounding buildings in L'Hospitalet-du-Larzac
The church and surrounding buildings in L'Hospitalet-du-Larzac
Coat of arms of L'Hospitalet-du-Larzac
Coat of arms
L'Hospitalet-du-Larzac is located in France
Coordinates: 43°58′27″N 3°11′49″E / 43.9742°N 3.1969°E / 43.9742; 3.1969Coordinates: 43°58′27″N 3°11′49″E / 43.9742°N 3.1969°E / 43.9742; 3.1969
Country France
Region Occitanie
Department Aveyron
Arrondissement Millau
Canton Nant
Intercommunality Larzac Dourbie
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Olivier Sicre
Area1 12.4 km2 (4.8 sq mi)
Population (2008)2 331
 • Density 27/km2 (69/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 12115 /12230
Elevation 699–861 m (2,293–2,825 ft)
(avg. 730 m or 2,400 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

L'Hospitalet-du-Larzac is a commune in the Aveyron department in southern France, part of the southern Massif central, incorporating part of the Larzac plateau.

The economy is agricultural, notably dairy produce (Roquefort cheese), but also beef and mutton production, and rural tourism.

L'Hospitalet-du-Larzac is the site of discovery of one of the longest and most important inscriptions in the Gaulish language, a lead curse tablet (found in 1983).

The commune is named for a historical hospital founded by vicount Millau Gilbert (or Guibert) in 1108. It was owned by Cassan Abbey from 1174 to 1789.The parish church was at Saint-Étienne-du-Larzac, now ruined, in what is now part of Sainte-Eulalie-de-Cernon commune. The hospital was fortified in the early 15th century, after which the parish center was transferred there. The current parish church dates to 1764, presumably built on top of an older structure.

In 1807, the parish was enlarged, incorporating d’Egalières, du Sambuc, Trinquier and du Rouquet. The modern commune was formed in 1834, with the dissolution of the predecessor commune of La Cavalerie.

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1962 205 —    
1968 218 +6.3%
1975 233 +6.9%
1982 247 +6.0%
1990 246 −0.4%
1999 249 +1.2%
2008 331 +32.9%

See also[edit]