Réquista

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Réquista
Town hall
Town hall
Coat of arms of Réquista
Coat of arms
Location of Réquista
Réquista is located in France
Réquista
Réquista
Réquista is located in Occitanie
Réquista
Réquista
Coordinates: 44°02′00″N 2°32′10″E / 44.0333°N 2.5361°E / 44.0333; 2.5361Coordinates: 44°02′00″N 2°32′10″E / 44.0333°N 2.5361°E / 44.0333; 2.5361
CountryFrance
RegionOccitanie
DepartmentAveyron
ArrondissementMillau
CantonMonts du Réquistanais
IntercommunalityRéquistanais
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Eric Bula
Area
1
59.32 km2 (22.90 sq mi)
Population
2
2,065
 • Density35/km2 (90/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
12197 /12170
Elevation207–670 m (679–2,198 ft)
(avg. 580 m or 1,900 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Réquista (Occitan: Requistar, primarily Ric Estar) is a commune in the Aveyron department in southern France.

Population[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
17932,734—    
18002,546−6.9%
18063,663+43.9%
18213,709+1.3%
18313,547−4.4%
18364,025+13.5%
18414,185+4.0%
18463,874−7.4%
18514,380+13.1%
18564,354−0.6%
18614,207−3.4%
18664,017−4.5%
18724,330+7.8%
18763,751−13.4%
18813,387−9.7%
18863,347−1.2%
18913,334−0.4%
18962,821−15.4%
19012,776−1.6%
19062,884+3.9%
19112,655−7.9%
19212,606−1.8%
19262,562−1.7%
19312,500−2.4%
19362,587+3.5%
19462,604+0.7%
19542,583−0.8%
19622,405−6.9%
19682,482+3.2%
19752,625+5.8%
19822,512−4.3%
19902,243−10.7%
19992,060−8.2%
20082,065+0.2%

Geography[edit]

Location[edit]

Rose des vents Rullac-Saint-Cirq La Selve, Aveyron Durenque Rose des vents
Saint-Jean-Delnous N Lestrade-et-Thouels
W    Réquista    E
S
Cadix, Tarn,
Fraissines
Brasc Connac

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Réquista
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 10
(50)
11
(52)
16
(61)
18
(64)
22
(72)
26
(79)
28
(82)
29
(84)
24
(75)
20
(68)
13
(55)
10
(50)
18.9
(66)
Daily mean °C (°F) 6
(43)
6.5
(43.7)
10
(50)
12
(54)
16.5
(61.7)
20
(68)
22
(72)
22.5
(72.5)
18
(64)
15
(59)
9
(48)
6.5
(43.7)
13.6
(56.5)
Average low °C (°F) 2
(36)
2
(36)
4
(39)
6
(43)
11
(52)
14
(57)
16
(61)
16
(61)
12
(54)
10
(50)
5
(41)
3
(37)
8.4
(47.1)
Source: Le climat à Réquista (en °C et mm, moyennes mensuelles) Météo msn[1]

History[edit]

Toponymy[edit]

In Occitan, the commune is called Requistar. The name comes from the term ric estar which means "rich place".

Coat of Arms[edit]

blazon1
  • The coat of arms for the commune of Réquista are emblazoned as follows:
    • Party:
    • The first gold leopard lioness rounded Gules, with the second also gold lion Gules; all summoned by a chief of sand laden with four flames of gold.



Politics and Administration[edit]

List of Mayors[edit]

List of successive mayors

Term Name Label Quality
1881 1892 Emile Carcenac Right-wing General Councilor (1886-1892)
1892 1901 Xavier Audouard Independent
1901 1904 Ernest Audouard Independent
1904 1906 Joseph Cluzel Independent
1906 1907 Baptiste Canac Independent
1907 1929 Joseph Cluzel Independent
1929 1935 Pierre Ferral Independent Doctor
1935 1936 Jules Maurs Independent
1936 1941 Elie Saussol Independent
1941 1944 Pierre Ferral Independent
1944 1953 Elie Saussol Independent
1953 1971 Albert Fournier Rad. then UDR General Councilor (1945-1970)
1971 1977 Gabriel Fastré Independent
1977 1989 Gaston Pialat Independent
1989 1995 Marcel Souchon Socialist
1995 2000 Dominique Azam UDF General Councilor (1986-2001)
2000 2001 Lucien Bonnevialle RPR
2001 2014 Eric Bula[2] Socialist
2014 Present Michel Causse DVD
  • Doctor
  • President of the Community of Communes
Missing data are yet to be completed.

Population and Society[edit]

Demography[edit]

The population has been known through Census and has been carried through since 1793. As of 2006, the legal population of communes are published annually by INSEE. The census is now based on an annual collection of information, successively covering all municipal territories over a period of five years. For municipalities with less than 10,000 inhabitants, a census survey of the whole population is carried out every five years, with legal population of the intermediate years being estimated by interpolation or extrapolation.[3] For the municipality, the first comprehensive census within the new system's framework was carried out in 2004.[4]

In 2015, the municipality had 2,005 inhabitants, a decrease of 1.04% compared to 2010 (Aveyron: +0.85%, France excluding Mayotte: +2.44%).

Progression of population

1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
2,734 2,546 3,663 3,709 3,547 4,025 4,185 3,874 4,380
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
4,354 4,207 4,017 4,330 3,751 3,387 3,347 3,334 2,821
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
2,776 2,884 2,655 2,606 2,562 2,500 2,587 2,604 2,583
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2004 2009 2014
2,405 2,482 2,625 2,512 2,243 2,060 2,099 2,037 2,013
2015
2,005

1962 to 1999: population without double counting; for the following dates: municipal population.

(Sources: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1999[5] then INSEE from 2006.[6])

Histogram of the demographic progression

Cultural Events and Festivities[edit]

Statue of a sheep and its lamb in front of the town hall of Réquista. The sheep being the symbol of the city.

Since Réquista is the first sheep canton in Europe, a sheep festival is organized every year on the first Sunday of June. A statue of a sheep and its lamb is also erected in front of the town hall. Every Monday morning (or Tuesday morning if Monday happens to be a holiday), the sheep market attracts breeders from the region as well as many buyers from neighboring departments. It begins at 9:00am with gray lambs, continues with lamb exports at 9:30am, cull ewes at 10:00am and lambs at 10:30am. The introduction of this market in 1992 necessitated the construction of a area big enough to fit an annual volume of 120,000 people (4,400m²). Quotations are recorded weekly and serve as reference to the national plan.[7]

Festivities[edit]

  • Ovine market every Monday (Tuesday if Monday is a holiday)
  • Weekly market in the covered hall from 7:30am to 12:30pm every Saturday
  • Monthly fair the second Thursday of the month from 8:30am to 12:00pm
  • Estofinado at the end of March
  • Feast of the sheep every year on the first Sunday of June
  • Bellegarde Hospital Festival the penultimate weekend of June
  • Flea market garage sale gourmet market during Lincou weekend after July 14
  • Lincou Festival the first weekend of August
  • Large flea market in Réquista the 3rd weekend of September
  • Christmas market on the last Sunday of November
  • Medieval day at the college Céléstin Sourrèzes organized by 5th year students
  • Feast of Saint-Julien (municipality of Réquista) with a lottery (Friday), meal and prom musette (Saturday) and bodega (Sunday) penultimate weekend of August
  • Fair at the flea market and exhibition of vintage cars the 3rd weekend of September
  • Fireworks at Lincou and votive festival the first weekend of August
  • Lottery numbers in Réquista and around
  • Wine tasting at the company of chiais
  • Festival of trout August 15 organized by Lévezou Ségala Aveyron XV
  • Votive festival in Lebous the 2nd weekend in September

Local Associations[edit]

  • The motorcycle club Réquista has a cross field.
  • National petanque.
  • Dance Gala with students Josiane Nespoulous.
  • Commercial Fortnight (last week of July and first of August) organized by the Union of Traders and Craftsmen of Réquista

Nadalet de Réquista[edit]

Nadalet de Réquista is a song in Occitan written by Paul Bonnefous in 1864. It is sung every year at the Mass on December 24 by the choir of the church of Réquista.

Places and monuments[edit]

  • Church of Réquista
  • Museum art gallery of the Lincou manor
Click on images to enlarge

In other languages[edit]

The name of the region/commune of Réquista is pronounced Request in English, which is also an acceptable and well recognized name of the region/commune.

External Links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Le climat à Réquista (en °C et mm, moyennes mensuelles) Météo msn". msn.com/fr-fr (in French). Archived from the original on 2018-04-08. [1]
  2. ^ Les Handinautes. "Yanous ! Chroniques citoyennes du handicap : Eric Bula". www.yanous.com (in French). Retrieved 30 March 2018.
  3. ^ "Présentation du recensement de la population | Insee". www.insee.fr (in French). 15 November 2017. Retrieved 30 March 2018.
  4. ^ "Documentation sur les résultats du recensement | Insee". www.insee.fr (in French). 15 November 2017. Retrieved 30 March 2018.
  5. ^ "Réquista - Notice Communale". cassini.ehess.fr (in French). Retrieved 30 March 2018.
  6. ^ Fiches Insee - Populations légales de la commune pour les années 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, and 2015
  7. ^ "FMBV". fmbv.asso.fr (in French). Archived from the original on 15 June 2017. Retrieved 31 March 2018.