|Initial release||SixTrack: 1 September 2004|
Test4Theory: 1 August 2011
|As of||April 2021|
|Average performance||144 TFLOPS|
LHC@home is a volunteer computing project researching particle physics that uses the Berkeley Open Infrastructure for Network Computing (BOINC) platform. The project's computing power is utilized by physicists at CERN in support of the Large Hadron Collider and other experimental particle accelerators.
The project is run with the help of over 9,300 active volunteer users contributing more than 18,300 computers processing at a combined 144 teraFLOPS as of April 2021[update]. The project is cross-platform, and runs on a variety of computer hardware configurations.
The LHC@home project currently runs four applications—Atlas, CMS, SixTrack, and Test4Theory—which deal with different aspects of research conducted in LHC like calculating particle beam stability and simulating proton collisions. Atlas, CMS, and Test4Theory use VirtualBox, an x86 virtualization software package. In 2017, all of the Virtualbox Projects were moved over to LHC@home to join SixTrack.
Beauty (LHCb) compared the decay of bottom quarks (
) and bottom antiquarks (
), which also known as beauty quarks. The participation of volunteers in the application was suspended indefinitely on 19 November 2018.
SixTrack was first introduced as a beta on 1 September 2004 and a record 1000 users signed up within 24 hours. The application went public, with a 5000 user limit, on September 29 to commemorate CERN's 50th anniversary. Currently there is no user limit and qualification.
SixTrack was developed by Frank Schmidt of the CERN Accelerators and Beams Department and produces results that are essential for verifying the long term stability of the high energy particles in the LHC. Lyn Evans, head of the LHC project, stated that "the results from SixTrack are really making a difference, providing us with new insights into how the LHC will perform".
The Test4Theory application allows volunteers to run simulations of high energy particle collisions on their home computers. These simulations use theoretical models based on the Standard Model of particle physics, and are calculated using Monte Carlo methods. The theoretical models have adjustable parameters and the aim is that a given set of parameters (called a "tune") will fit the widest possible range of experimental results.
The Test4Theory results are therefore submitted to a database which contains a very wide set of experimental data from many accelerator experiments worldwide, including of course experiments at the Large Hadron Collider. The Theory Unit at CERN runs the MCPLots project, which run the database and the theoretical fitting process.
- "Server Status". LHCAtHome.CERN.ch. CERN. Archived from the original on 8 August 2022. Retrieved 11 April 2021.
- "BOINC projects list". Archived from the original on 3 January 2018. Retrieved 30 April 2020.
- "LHC@home". LHCAtHome.CERN.ch. CERN. Archived from the original on 13 December 2020. Retrieved 23 December 2020.
- "Applications". LHCAtHome.CERN.ch. CERN. Archived from the original on 27 August 2022. Retrieved 25 August 2022.
- "ATLAS@home". lhcathome.web.cern.ch. Archived from the original on 28 April 2022. Retrieved 25 August 2022.
- Roiser, Stefan (19 November 2018). "Pausing Submission of LHCb Applications". LHCAtHome.CERN.ch. CERN. Archived from the original on 26 January 2021. Retrieved 22 December 2020.
- "CMS@Home". LHCAtHome.Web.CERN.ch. CERN. Archived from the original on 19 February 2021. Retrieved 11 April 2021.
- "Sixtrack | LHC@home". lhcathome.web.cern.ch. Archived from the original on 28 August 2022. Retrieved 28 August 2022.
- "Test4Theory". lhcathome.web.cern.ch. Archived from the original on 28 April 2022. Retrieved 25 August 2022.
- Barranco, Javier; Cai, Yunhai; Cameron, David; Crouch, Matthew; Maria, Riccardo De; Field, Laurence; Giovannozzi, Massimo; Hermes, Pascal; Høimyr, Nils; Kaltchev, Dobrin; Karastathis, Nikos; Luzzi, Cinzia; Maclean, Ewen; McIntosh, Eric; Mereghetti, Alessio (29 December 2017). "LHC@Home: a BOINC-based volunteer computing infrastructure for physics studies at CERN". Open Engineering. 7 (1): 379–393. Bibcode:2017OEng....7...42B. doi:10.1515/eng-2017-0042. ISSN 2391-5439. S2CID 53469564.