LRRC7

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LRRC7
Identifiers
Aliases LRRC7, DENSIN, leucine rich repeat containing 7
External IDs MGI: 2676665 HomoloGene: 10817 GeneCards: LRRC7
Genetically Related Diseases
obesity, orofacial cleft, hypertension, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder[1]
Orthologs
Species Human Mouse
Entrez
Ensembl
UniProt
RefSeq (mRNA)

NM_020794
NM_001330635

NM_001081358
NM_001291452
NM_001291453

RefSeq (protein)

NP_001317564
NP_065845

NP_001278381.1
NP_001074827
NP_001278381
NP_001278382

Location (UCSC) Chr 1: 69.57 – 70.15 Mb Chr 3: 158.08 – 158.56 Mb
PubMed search [2] [3]
Wikidata
View/Edit Human View/Edit Mouse

Leucine rich repeat containing 7 also known as LRRC7, Densin-180, or LAP1 is a protein which in humans is encoded by the LRRC7 gene.[4]

Structure[edit]

Found to be densely associated to the postsynaptic density (PSD), it has been characterised as a 188 kDa (originally thought to be 180 kDa, hence nomenclature), 1495 residues long, brain-specific protein containing 16 leucine-rich repeats (LRRs) within the 500 N-terminal residues, and one Psd95/Discs large/Zona occludens (PDZ) domain within the 200 C-terminal residues. Originally postulated to have an apparent transmembrane domain, it has now been shown that the protein has numerous phosphorylation sites both N- and C-term of this domain, and that protein is therefore cytoplasmic; palmitoylation is thought to occur near the N-terminus of the protein which would account for localisation of the protein at the PSD.[5]

Interactions[edit]

LRRC7 has been shown to interact with CDH2.[6]

The currently exposed interactions of Densin-180 portray the protein as a promiscuous player amongst key synaptic players, fitting with the original observation of the protein’s dense presence among core PSD proteins by Mary Kennedy's Laboratory. Identified interaction partners include: CaMKII-alpha, alpha-Actinin and NR2B (via CaMKII-alpha), Cav1.3 (L-type Ca2+) channels, MAGUIN-1, Shank, PSD-95 (via Shank and MAGUIN-1), beta-Catenin, delta-Catenins and NCadherin (via the Catenins). The nature and function of these interactions, detailed in tables 1-1 and 1-2, portray Densin-180 as a key interactor in the midst of receptor proteins, scaffolding proteins and structural proteins. [number of sources - referenced in - Subcellular localisation of recombinant Densin-180 clones expressed in HEK293 TSA cells Ranatunga, J.M. (2011) Subcellular localisation of recombinant Densin-180 clones expressed in HEK293 TSA cells. Masters thesis, UCL (University College London). http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/1322972/]

It is also quite possible that Densin-180 dimerises or multimerises through interactions between its PDZ domain and its own terminal amino acid residues. [Subcellular localisation of recombinant Densin-180 clones expressed in HEK293 TSA cells Ranatunga, J.M. (2011) Subcellular localisation of recombinant Densin-180 clones expressed in HEK293 TSA cells. Masters thesis, UCL (University College London). http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/1322972/]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Diseases that are genetically associated with LRRC7 view/edit references on wikidata". 
  2. ^ "Human PubMed Reference:". 
  3. ^ "Mouse PubMed Reference:". 
  4. ^ "Entrez Gene: LRRC7 leucine rich repeat containing 7". 
  5. ^ Thalhammer A, Trinidad JC, Burlingame AL, Schoepfer R (April 2009). "Densin-180: revised membrane topology, domain structure and phosphorylation status". J. Neurochem. 109 (2): 297–302. doi:10.1111/j.1471-4159.2009.05951.x. PMC 2846389Freely accessible. PMID 19187442. 
  6. ^ Izawa, Ichiro; Nishizawa Miwako; Ohtakara Kazuhiro; Inagaki Masaki (Feb 2002). "Densin-180 interacts with delta-catenin/neural plakophilin-related armadillo repeat protein at synapses". J. Biol. Chem. United States. 277 (7): 5345–50. doi:10.1074/jbc.M110052200. ISSN 0021-9258. PMID 11729199. 

Further reading[edit]


Add—a very detailed thesis with preliminary experiments and theories about the function of Densin-180 entitled Subcellular localisation of recombinant Densin-180 clones expressed in HEK293 TSA cells http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/1322972/