LSWR C14 class

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LSWR C14 & S14 Classes
Eastleigh Locomotive Depot geograph-2653368-by-Ben-Brooksbank.jpg
C14 0-4-0T No. 3744 at Eastleigh Locomotive Depot 1946
Type and origin
Power typeSteam
DesignerDugald Drummond
BuilderLSWR Nine Elms
Build date1906–1910
Total produced
  • C14: 10
  • S14: 2
Specifications
Configuration:
 • Whyte
 • UIC
  • C14: 1A n2t, later B n2t
  • S14: B n2t
Gauge4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Leading dia.3 ft 0 in (0.914 m) (C14 only)
Driver dia.3 ft 0 in (0.914 m)
Loco weight
  • C14: 24 long tons (24 t)
  • S14: 28 long tons (28 t)
Fuel typeCoal
Fuel capacity1 long ton (1,000 kg)
Water cap500 imp gal (2,300 l)
Boiler pressure
CylindersTwo (outside)
Cylinder size
  • C14: 10 in × 14 in (254 mm × 356 mm)
  • S14: 12 in × 18 in (305 mm × 457 mm)
Performance figures
Tractive effort
  • C14: 4,958 lbf (22.05 kN)
  • S14: 10,710 lbf (47.64 kN)
Career
Operators
Retired1917–1959

The London and South Western Railway C14 class was a class of ten 2-2-0 tank locomotives intended to work push–pull trains on lightly used lines in 1907. The ‘’’S14 class’’’ was an 0-4-0 version of the same basic design. Both classes proved to be underpowered in this role and many examples were sold as light shunters during the First World War. Three C14 remained with the LSWR and were rebuilt as 0-4-0Ts. They lasted until the late 1950s.

History[edit]

C14 class[edit]

During the first few years of the twentieth century the London and South Western Railway became concerned about losses incurred on several branch and short-distance passenger services, and began to experiment with the use of steam-powered railmotors.[1] The resulting units proved to be under-powered during the summer months when traffic was higher, and also inflexible, as the power unit was permanently connected to the coach. As an alternative Dugald Drummond designed a class of small 2-2-0 tank locomotives, based on the railmotor power units, which could be coupled to one or more carriages to cater for different levels of load . These were specifically equipped for push-pull working. As built, the outside cylinders were situated between the leading and driving wheels.

The C14 class were tried out on a number of services during 1907. They were found to be more flexible than the railmotors but suffered from the same lack of power, as a result no further examples were built and the existing examples were gradually transferred to light shunting tasks or else were put into store.[2]

S14 class[edit]

Drummond persevered with a 0-4-0 S14 version of the design, with the cylinders moved forward in front of the coupled wheels, but only two of these were ever built in 1910 before the order was cancelled.[3] In 1913 Robert Urie ordered that four examples of the C14 class should be rebuilt as 0-4-0 tanks and the remainder withdrawn as they became in need of heavy repairs. Two examples were rebuilt in 1913, but the onset of the First World War brought an end to this programme.

World War I[edit]

In 1916 the War Office bought seven members of the C14 class (including one of the rebuilds) for use in various munitions facilities and dockyards. The two members of the S14 class were likewise sold to the Ministry of Munitions in 1917. After the war these were, sold for scrap, as stationary boilers or else exported.[4]

Post-war[edit]

The last two 2-2-0 examples of the three locomotives remaining with LSWR were rebuilt in 1922 and 1923. The three survivors worked as dock shunters, or on departmental (non-revenue earning) duties under the Southern Railway and British Railways and were withdrawn between 1957 and 1959.[5]

Summary table[edit]

Class Year LSWR numbers Rebuilt Withdrawn Notes
C14 1906 736 - Mar 1917 Sold to Ministry of Munitions
C14 1906 737 - Dec 1917 Sold to Admiralty
C14 1906 738 - Mar 1917 Sold to Ministry of Munitions
C14 1906 739 - Feb 1917 Sold to Bute Works Supply Company
C14 1906 740 - Dec 1916 Sold to War Department
C14 1906 741 Mar 1922 Dec 1957 to SR 0741; BR 30588
C14 1906 742 - Mar 1917 Sold to Ministry of Munitions
C14 1906 743 Jun 1913 Nov 1917 Sold to Admiralty
C14 1907 744 Oct 1923 Jun 1957 to SR 0744; to BR 30589
C14 1907 745 Apr 1913 Apr 1959 to SR 0745; to Redbridge Civil Engineers' Depot in 1927 as 77S; to BR as DS77
S14 1910 101 - May 1917 Sold Ministry of Munitions
S14 1910 147 - May 1917 Sold Ministry of Munitions

[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bradley, D. L. (1967). Locomotives of the L.S.W.R. part 2. Railway Correspondence and Travel Society. pp. 118–23.
  2. ^ Bradley (1967), p.124.
  3. ^ Bradley (1967), p.126.
  4. ^ Bradley (1967), p.125.
  5. ^ Casserley, H.C.; Asher, L.L. (1961) [1955]. Locomotives of British Railways. Spring Books. pp. 46, 224.
  6. ^ http://www.semgonline.com/steam/c14_01.html