La Minerve, Quebec
Lake Marie-Louise in La Minerve
Location within Les Laurentides RCM.
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Constituted||December 30, 1892|
|• Mayor||Jean Pierre Monette|
|• Federal riding||Laurentides—Labelle|
|• Prov. riding||Labelle|
|• Total||328.10 km2 (126.68 sq mi)|
|• Land||278.01 km2 (107.34 sq mi)|
|• Density||4.4/km2 (11/sq mi)|
|• Pop 2006-2011||4.7%|
|Time zone||EST (UTC−5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC−4)|
|Postal code(s)||J0T 1S0|
|Highways||No major routes|
Located in the Laurentian Mountains, La Minerve is still fairly forested and covered with many lakes, notably Chapleau, Désert, and La Minerve Lakes. Its southern portion is part of the Papineau-Labelle Wildlife Reserve. The area is popular for cottage vacationing. In the summer, the small local population swells with nearly 15,000 tourists.
Before the arrival of missionary colonizer Antoine Labelle, journalists of the Montreal newspaper "La Minerve" explored this region between 1880 and 1885. At that time, the Club Island was known as "Governor Island" and belonged to Sir Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau, controller of the newspaper. Afterwards, employees of La Minerve began to strongly encourage the settlement of the area which came to be named after this newspaper. The 30 January 1886 edition of La Minerve reported:
"From Iroquois Chute, you can go on a good road to Minerva Township, where there are several inhabitants and where the chapel, the sawmill needs to be built soon. The site of the village is wonderful. At two miles away, opposite Lake Desert, is Chapleau Lake, one of the most beautiful lakes in this region. There is a beautiful island of 3200 acres of land, fertile and well wooded, which belongs to the Honorable Secretary of State. There is enough to make a princely mansion and enjoy in summer all the benefits of country life and the most beautiful lakes."
During the years 1880 to 1890, the government granted the first land concessions. The first settler, Isaac Grégoire, arrived in 1885, and in the fall of the same year, notary Joseph Lefebvre, from Waterloo in the Eastern Townships, and some of his friends came to the area taking possession of some lots in La Minerve. Lefebvre opened a flour mill and a sawmill on the shores of Lake Desert.
In 1892, the Township of La Minerve and its township municipality were formed. In 1896, the post office opened, named Minerve (but renamed to La Minerve in 1949). In 1897, there were 331 acres (1.34 km2) under cultivation, 13 houses, 4 barns, 40 arpents of fencing (about 2.34 km). Twenty years later in 1917, there were 125 families with a total of 677 inhabitants.
On January 1, 1995, La Minerve absorbed the unorganized territories of Lac-Marie-Le Franc and Lac-aux-Castors located in the Labelle and Gagnon townships, but subsequently lost about 20 square kilometres (7.7 sq mi) to the Municipality of Labelle. In 1998, the Township Municipality of La Minerve obtained a new legal status and became the Municipality of La Minerve.
- Population in 2011: 1234 (2006 to 2011 population change: -4.7 %)
- Population in 2006: 1295
- Population in 2001: 1080
- Population in 1996: 927 (or 912 when adjusted for 2001 boundaries)
- Population in 1991: 880
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents: 601 (total dwellings: 1586)
- English as first language: 5%
- French as first language: 89%
- English and French as first language: 1%
- Other as first language: 5%
- Reference number 347587 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (in French)
- Geographic code 78130 in the official Répertoire des municipalités (in French)
- "(Code 2478130) Census Profile". 2011 census. Statistics Canada. 2012.
- "Historique" (in French). Municipalité de La Minerve. Retrieved 2009-04-01.
- "La Minerve (Municipalité)" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2009-04-01.
- Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census