Lac-John

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Lac-John
Indian reserve
Flag of Lac-John
Flag
Lac-John is located in Côte-Nord Region Quebec
Lac-John
Lac-John
Location in Côte-Nord region of Quebec.
Coordinates: 54°48′45″N 66°46′58″W / 54.81250°N 66.78278°W / 54.81250; -66.78278Coordinates: 54°48′45″N 66°46′58″W / 54.81250°N 66.78278°W / 54.81250; -66.78278
Country  Canada
Province  Quebec
Region Côte-Nord
Regional county None
Settled 1957
Formed 1960
Government[1][2]
 • Chief Réal McKenzie
 • Federal riding Manicouagan
 • Prov. riding Duplessis
Area[3]
 • Land 0.62 km2 (0.24 sq mi)
Population (2011)[3]
 • Total 21
 • Density 33.9/km2 (88/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Postal Code G0G 2T0
Area code(s) 418 and 581

Lac-John is a First Nations reserve on John Lake in the Côte-Nord region of Quebec, Canada, about 3.5 kilometres (2.2 mi) north-east from the centre of Schefferville. Together with the Matimekosh Reserve, it belongs to the Innu Nation of Matimekush-Lac John.[1] It is geographically within the Caniapiscau Regional County Municipality but administratively not part of it.

The reserve is named after the adjacent John Lake. That name was assigned by the Labrador Mining and Smelting Company, which used it on one of its geological maps a little before 1947.[4]

History[edit]

The region was the northern limit of the hunting and trapping grounds of the Innu indigenous people, but they never had resided there permanently. Because of mining development in the early 1950s, the Naskapi from Fort Chimo and a dozen Innu families from Maliotenam arrived at Schefferville to serve as guides for geological exploration work, and help on the railway construction from Sept-Iles.[4][5]

In 1957, the Schefferville municipal authorities moved the Innu and Naskapi to a site on John Lake, where they lived in poverty without sanitation, electricity, schools, or a medical facility. A year later, the site was surveyed for the creation of a reserve. On June 7, 1960, the Government of Québec transferred 58 acres (23 ha) to the Government of Canada that then formed the Lac-John Reserve. The Innu and Naskapi initially lived in tiny shacks, but by 1962 Indian and Northern Affairs had built 30 houses for them.[5][6]

Following the creation of the Matimekosh Reserve close to the town's centre in 1968, the municipality of Schefferville tried to annex the Lac-John Reserve. In 1972, most of the families on the Lac-John Reserve moved to Matimekosh, but a group of them decided to stay and new residences were built for them in 1975.[4]

Demographics[edit]

Population trend:[7]

  • Population in 2011: 21 (2006 to 2011 population change: +31.3 %)
  • Population in 2006: 16
  • Population in 2001: 23
  • Population in 1996: 38

Private dwellings occupied by usual residents: 10 (total dwellings: 12)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Matimekush-Lac John First Nation". Aboriginal Community profiles. Indian and Northern Affairs Canada. Retrieved 2010-10-15. 
  2. ^ "Lac-John". Répertoire des municipalités (in French). Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire. Retrieved 2012-05-07. 
  3. ^ a b "Lac-John census profile". 2011 Census of Population. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-05-07. 
  4. ^ a b c "Lac-John (Réserve indienne)" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2010-10-18. 
  5. ^ a b "Our Nation - History". Naskapi Nation of Kawawachikamach. Retrieved 2010-10-15. 
  6. ^ Natural Resources Canada - Legal Surveys Division, Historical Review - Lac John land title history
  7. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census