George Windsor, Earl of St Andrews
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|Earl of St Andrews|
|Born||George Philip Nicholas Windsor
26 June 1962 
Coppins, Iver, Buckinghamshire, United Kingdom
|Spouse(s)||Sylvana Tomaselli (m. 1988)|
|Children||Edward Windsor, Lord Downpatrick
Lady Marina Charlotte Windsor
Lady Amelia Windsor
|Parent(s)||Prince Edward, Duke of Kent
George Philip Nicholas Windsor, Earl of St Andrews (born 26 June 1962), is the elder son of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and his wife, Katharine, Duchess of Kent. He is styled Earl of St Andrews, one of his father's subsidiary titles, which he holds by courtesy as heir apparent to the Dukedom of Kent.
Education and career
A former diplomat, he is a Trustee of the SOS Children's Villages UK charity and a Patron of the Association for International Cancer Research. In April 2012, he also became a Trustee of the Next Century Foundation, a charity working throughout the Middle East.
St Andrews is a Trustee of the Global eHealth Foundation.
Earl of St Andrews was installed as Chancellor of the University of Bolton on 30 March 2017.
Marriage and children
The couple has three children:
- Edward Windsor, Lord Downpatrick (born 2 December 1988 at St Mary's Hospital in London);
- Lady Marina Charlotte Windsor (born 30 September 1992 at Rosie Hospital in Cambridge);
- Lady Amelia Windsor (born 24 August 1995 at Rosie Hospital in Cambridge) currently 36th in line to the British throne.
Edward Windsor, Lord Downpatrick
|Born||Edward Edmund Maximilian George Windsor
2 December 1988
St Mary's Hospital, London, England, UK
|Parent(s)||George Windsor, Earl of St Andrews
Sylvana Windsor, Countess of St Andrews
Edward Edmund Maximilian George Windsor, Lord Downpatrick (born 2 December 1988 at St Mary's Hospital in London), is the only son and heir apparent of George Windsor, Earl of St Andrews, and Sylvana Windsor, Countess of St Andrews.
Lord St Andrews is the elder son of the Duke and Duchess of Kent. Lord Downpatrick is thus, after his father, heir to the Dukedom of Kent. In 2003, following the example of his grandmother, the Duchess of Kent, and uncle, Lord Nicholas Windsor, he became a member of the Roman Catholic Church and therefore was barred from the line of succession to the British Throne.
Downpatrick is the most senior person excluded from the line of succession for being a Roman Catholic under the Act of Settlement 1701, followed by his younger sister Lady Marina Charlotte Windsor who also has been confirmed as a Roman Catholic. However, his younger sister Lady Amelia Windsor remains in line to the throne. He was one of Diana, Princess of Wales's 17 godchildren.
Downpatrick grew up in the locality of Cambridge, where his mother is an academic. After Eton, he went up to Keble College, Oxford, where he read Modern Languages, specialising in French and German.
St Andrews' wife is a Roman Catholic. According to the Act of Settlement 1701, no person who is Catholic or marries a Catholic could succeed to the throne of any country whose constitution subscribes to that Act. Therefore, from his marriage until 26 March 2015 St Andrews was barred from succession to the throne. After the Succession to the Crown Act 2013 came into effect on 26 March 2015, he is no longer barred from succession and is currently 35th in line (the most senior to be restored to the succession list), although his two older children, as Catholics, are still barred.
The Dukedom of Kent is not subject to the Act of Settlement or the Succession to the Crown Act 2013, so St Andrews' son and heir, Lord Downpatrick, is in line to become the first Roman Catholic Duke or Earl of Kent since the Reformation.
St Andrews's patriline is the line from which he is descended father to son.
His patrilineal descent (the principle behind membership in Germanic royal houses) can be traced back through the generations — meaning that were St Andrews to choose a historically accurate house name according to this principle it would be Wettin, to which all his male-line ancestors belonged.
This ancestral line diverges from the British royal line at Victoria's husband, Prince Albert, and from then on follows his paternal ancestors.
House of Wettin
- Burkhard I, Duke of Thuringia, d. 870
- Burchard, Duke of Thuringia, 836–908
- (possibly) Burkhard III of Grabfeldgau, 866–913
- Dedi I, Count in the Hessegau, 896–957
- (probably) Dietrich I, Count of Wettin, d. 976
- (possibly) Dedi II, Count in the Hessegau, 946–1009
- Dietrich II of Wettin, 991–1034
- Thimo I, Count of Wettin, d. 1099
- Thimo II the Brave, Count of Wettin, d. 1118
- Conrad, Margrave of Meissen, 1098–1157
- Otto II, Margrave of Meissen, 1125–1190
- Dietrich I, Margrave of Meissen, 1162–1221
- Henry III, Margrave of Meissen, c. 1215–1288
- Albert II, Margrave of Meissen, 1240–1314
- Frederick I, Margrave of Meissen, 1257–1323
- Frederick II, Margrave of Meissen, 1310–1349
- Frederick III, Landgrave of Thuringia, 1332–1381
- Frederick I, Elector of Saxony, 1370–1428
- Frederick II, Elector of Saxony, 1412–1464
- Ernest, Elector of Saxony, 1441–1486
- John, Elector of Saxony, 1468–1532
- John Frederick I, Elector of Saxony, 1503–1554
- Johann Wilhelm, Duke of Saxe-Weimar, 1530–1573
- John II, Duke of Saxe-Weimar, 1570–1605
- Ernest I, Duke of Saxe-Gotha, 1601–1675
- John Ernest IV, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, 1658–1729
- Francis Josias, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, 1697–1764
- Ernest Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, 1724–1800
- Francis, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, 1750–1806
- Ernest I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, 1784–1844
- Albert, Prince Consort, 1819–1861
- Edward VII of the United Kingdom, 1841–1910
- George V of the United Kingdom, 1865–1936
- The Prince George, Duke of Kent, 1902–1942
- Prince Edward, Duke of Kent, b. 1935
- George Windsor, Earl of St Andrews, b. 1962
- "Andrew zu Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, Prince of Greece and Denmark". thepeerage.com. 24 February 2007. Retrieved 2012-04-04.
- "The Duke of Kent". The Royal Household. Retrieved 2012-04-04.
- Kiri Sutherland (4 October 2010). "Where have you been hiding girls? After years in the shadows, two more Windsor beauties step into the spotlight". Daily Mail. Retrieved 4 April 2012.
- Ronald Allison; Sarah Riddell (1991). The Royal encyclopedia. Macmillan Press. p. 145. Retrieved 2010-07-14.
- Charles Kidd and David Williamson, editor, DeBretts Peerage and Baronetage (London, U.K.: DeBrett's Peerage, 1999), volume 1, page cxx.
- "Matriculation 2007–8 — At undergraduate level" (PDF). The Record. Keble College, Oxford: 91. 2008.
George Windsor, Earl of St AndrewsBorn: 26 June 1962
|Lines of succession|
The Duke of Kent
|Succession to the British throne
(grandson of George, son of George V)
Lady Amelia Windsor
|Orders of precedence in the United Kingdom|
Earl of Ulster
Earl of St Andrews
Prince George of Cambridge