Lady of Tikal

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Lady of Tikal
Queen of Tikal
with co-ruler Kaloomteʼ Bahlam
Lady of Tikal.svg
Lady of Tikal's glyph
ReignApril 19, 511-c.527
PredecessorChak Tok Ichʼaak II
SuccessorBird Claw
BornSeptember 1, 504
Diedafter c.527
ReligionMaya religion

Lady of Tikal,[N 1] also known as Woman of Tikal (September 1, 504 – after c. 527), was a queen of the Mayan city of Tikal. She took the throne on April 19, 511 and reigned until about 527.[N 2][1]

Biography[edit]

According to the inscription on Stela 23, the Lady of Tikal assumed a leadership role on April 19, 511, at the age of six, but did not rule on her own. Instead, she co-ruled with an individual named Kaloomteʼ Bahlam. She was possibly the daughter of Chak Tok Ichʼaak II. Lady of Tikal was depicted on Stela 23, which was broken and later re-erected incomplete. It is presumed that Stela 6 and Stela 12 also mention Lady of Tikal, but she is referred to by a different name.[1] Her relationship to Bird Claw, who may have been her successor (and the 20th ruler of Tikal), is unknown due to problems deciphering the text of Stela 8, but it is important to note that Bird Claw does not carry the Tikal emblem.[2]

The name "Lady of Tikal" can also refer to Lady Six Sky of Dos Pilas/Naranjo, more commonly known as "Woman of Tikal". The first Lady of Tikal was born in September 504 while Lady Six Sky acceded to the throne at Naranjo in 682.[3]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The ruler's name, when transcribed is IX-KALO꞉M[TEʼ] IX-?-KʼIN?, Martin & Grube 2008, p.38.
  2. ^ These are the dates indicated in the Maya inscriptions in Mesoamerican Long Count calendar, Birth: 9.3.9.13.3 8 Akʼbal 11 Mol and Accession: 9.3.16.8.4 11 Kʼan 17 (Pop, Martin & Grube 2008, p.38).

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Martin & Grube 2008, p.38.
  2. ^ Martin & Grube 2008, p.39.
  3. ^ Martin & Grube 2008, p.74.

References[edit]

Martin, Simon; Nikolai Grube (2008). Chronicle of the Maya Kings and Queens: Deciphering the Dynasties of the Ancient Maya (2nd ed.). London and New York: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 9780500287262. OCLC 191753193.
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Chak Tok Ichʼaak II
Ajaw of Tikal
April 19, 511-c.527
with Kaloomteʼ Bahlam co-ruler
Succeeded by
Bird Claw