|Location||Orleans County, Vermont, United States|
|Type||glacial lake (ice age)|
|Primary inflows||glacial aquifer.|
|Primary outflows||Willoughby River (creek)|
|Catchment area||Gulf of Saint Lawrence, Atlantic Ocean|
|Basin countries||United States|
|Max. length||5 miles (8.0 km)|
|Max. width||1 mile (1.6 km)|
|Surface area||1,687 acres (683 ha)|
|Average depth||185 feet (56 m)|
|Max. depth||320 ft (98 m)|
|Surface elevation||1,171 ft (357 m)|
Willoughby Lake has a public beach that stretches 0.4 kilometres (0.25 mi) on the north shore of the lake, or in the zone of the lake outlet. Another public beach is located at the bottom of the South Bay of the Lake. The village of Westmore is located on the east side, at the confluence area of Mill Creek which drains the waters of Long Pond. Many cottages and houses are located on North-East bank of the lake.
Willoughby Lake is part of the Saint-François River watershed, its waters eventually reaching the St. Lawrence River in Canada. Willoughby River is the outlet from the lake and runs north through Brownington to feed into the Barton River. The Barton River is tributary to Lake Memphremagog and thence to the Magog River, then the Saint-François River, then the St. Lawrence River, and ultimately to the Gulf of St. Lawrence.
A dam where the Whetstone Dam had formerly stood, was rebuilt to run a sawmill, which was still in operation in 2008. The "state Fish and Game Department" bought the dam rights to allow rainbow trout to swim upriver.
Lake Willoughby is a southeast trending basin. Willoughby is a glacial lake over 320 feet (98 m) deep in places, the deepest lake entirely contained in the state and second to only Lake Champlain whose deepest point reaches 400 feet (120 m). Lake Willoughby resembles a Norwegian fjord.
The rock between Mount Pisgah on the east and Mount Hor on the west was eroded by a valley ice lobe. This ice flow cut across the Willoughby granodiorite and adjacent metamorphic rocks. The ice flow may have exploited highly fractured bedrock along the margin of the Willoughby pluton or joint surfaces within the pluton.
Other mountains in territory of Westmore, Vermont are on:
- East bank: Mount Hedgehog (Vermont) (high: 652 metres (2,139 ft)), Mount Goodwin (Vermont) (high: 873 metres (2,864 ft)), Mount Bald (Vermont) (high: 1,003 metres (3,291 ft)), Mount Heystack (Vermont) (high: 794 metres (2,605 ft)) and Mount McSherry (Vermont) (high: 733 metres (2,405 ft));
- West bank: Mount Wheeler (Vermont) (high: 711 metres (2,333 ft)) in Caledonia County, Mount Valley (Vermont) (high: 563 metres (1,847 ft)), Mount May Pond (Vermont) (high: 623 metres (2,044 ft));
- South bank: Mount Bartlett (Vermont) (high: 621 metres (2,037 ft)) in Caledonia County.
Willoughby is listed as a National Natural Landmark. Willoughby contains rainbow trout (wild and stocked), Lake Trout, landlocked Atlantic salmon (mainly stocked), rainbow smelt, burbot, yellow perch, longnose sucker, white sucker, lake chub, common shiner, and round whitefish which is a native species of extremely limited distribution in Vermont. Steelhead trout (rainbow trout) are not native to the region, but were imported to Lake Memphremagog from the Pacific Northwest. They migrate up the Barton River and Willoughby River to the lake to spawn.
Tiny steam boats operated on the lake for tourists from 1884 to the early 1900s when steam was replaced by the gasoline engine.
In 1915, Robert Frost mentioned the lake in a poem, "A Servant to Servants,
"I see it's a fair, pretty sheet of water,
Our Willoughby! How did you hear of it?
I expect, though, everyone's heard of it.
In a book about ferns? Listen to that!"
Local customs and culture
Devil's Rock, located on the Mount Pisgah side of the lake at a less than halfway point from the lake's southern beach, is a popular diving spot for daring locals and vacationers. It takes its name from a painted image of a devil on the front of the rock facing out toward the lake. It is also called Devil's Rock because when reflected in still water, the image of a skull lying on its side can be seen.
Lake facilities offer swimming, hiking, and ice fishing. There is a nude beach on the lake's southern shore. Surrounding the Willoughby Lake, there are some campgrounds and cottage rental services for tourists. The Route 5A runs along the lake's eastern edge.
- "Lake Willoughby". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
- "NEK establishments listed in Yankee's best of NE awards". Barton, Vermont: the Chronicle. February 3, 2010. p. 7. Archived from the original on June 12, 2010.
- Department of Environmental Conservation, Agency of Natural Resources - retrieved August 9, 2007
- Wheeler, Scott (February 2007). Good Fishermen Don't Get Old, They Become Legends. Vermont's Northland Journal.
- Northland Journal, November 2008, page 13, "The Flood of 1927," Ralph Swett
- Ebbett, Ballard. (1981). Pleistocene Glaciation at Lake Willoughby, Vermont. Vermont Geology Vol 5.
- "Lake Willoughby, Vermont - Westmore, Vermont, VT". vermonter.com.
- Gresser, Joseph (May 1, 2013). "Steelhead run draws crowds to Willoughby River". the Chronicle. Barton, Vermont. pp. 14A.
- "Wildernet.com - Willoughby State Forest, Vermont State Parks, Forests and Historic Sites". wildernet.com.
- Willoughvalle.com Spring, Summer and Fall Recreation Archived 2010-07-14 at the Wayback Machine.
- Fisher, Harriet (August 2007). "Steaming Around Willoughby". Vermont's Northland Journal: 7–10.
- "9. A Servant to Servants. Frost, Robert. 1915. North of Boston". bartleby.com.
- Pollak, Sally (August 4, 2013). "Art grows in the Northeast Kingdom". The Burlington Free Press. Burlington, Vermont. pp. 1A.
- GNIS - Toponym: "Lake Willoughby"
- Barton Area Lakes and Mountains Archived 2010-01-29 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Mill Brook Falls - Waterfalls of the Northeastern United States". northeastwaterfalls.com.
- Thatcher, Erik. "Lake Willoughby Ice Climbs". MooneyMountainGuides. Retrieved May 6, 2015.
- Nudity is legal everywhere in Vermont
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lake Willoughby.|
- Lake Willoughby Depth Chart
- Basin 17 Lake Memphremagog Watershed Assessment Report retrieved August 7, 2011