Last Train to Clarksville
|"Last Train to Clarksville"|
US single cover
|Single by The Monkees|
|from the album The Monkees|
|B-side||"Take a Giant Step"|
|Released||16 August 1966|
|Recorded||25 July 1966
RCA Victor Studios, Studio A
|The Monkees singles chronology|
"Last Train to Clarksville" is a rock song. It was the debut single by The Monkees, released August 16, 1966, and later included on the group's 1966 self-titled album, which was released on October 10, 1966. The song, written by Tommy Boyce and Bobby Hart was recorded at RCA Victor Studio B in Hollywood, on July 25, 1966. and was already on the Boss Hit Bounds on 17 August 1966. The song topped the Billboard Hot 100 on November 5, 1966.
The song, written by the songwriting duo Tommy Boyce and Bobby Hart, has been compared to The Beatles's "Paperback Writer", particularly the "jangly" guitar sound, the chord structure, and the vocal harmonies. The Beatles song had been number one in the US charts three months earlier.
The lyrics tell the story of a man phoning the woman he loves, urging her to meet him at a train station in Clarksville before he must leave, possibly forever. The Vietnam War was raging at the time, and what was not made explicit was that the song was about a serviceman headed for the war zone.
It is often said that the song refers to Clarksville, Tennessee, which is close to Fort Campbell, Kentucky, the home of the 101st Airborne Division, which served in Vietnam. But according to songwriter Hart, it was not specifically written with that town in mind.
Hart said of writing the song: "We were just looking for a name that sounded good. There's a little town in northern Arizona I used to go through in the summer on the way to Oak Creek Canyon called Clarksdale. We were throwing out names, and when we got to Clarksdale, we thought Clarksville sounded even better. We didn't know it at the time, [but] there is an Air Force base near the town of Clarksville, Tennessee — which would have fit the bill fine for the story line. We couldn't be too direct with The Monkees. We couldn't really make a protest song out of it — we kind of snuck it in."
Though "Clarksville" is in the song title, the video accompanying the song on the Monkees' TV program showed a sign pointing to "Clarkesville."
Hart got the idea for the lyrics when he turned on the radio and heard the end of The Beatles' "Paperback Writer". He thought Paul McCartney was singing "Take the last train", and decided to use the line when he found out McCartney was actually singing "Paperback Writer". Hart knew that The Monkees TV series was pitched as a music/comedy series in the spirit of The Beatles movie A Hard Day's Night, so he knew emulating The Beatles would be a winner. To do that, he made sure to put a distinctive guitar riff in this song, and wrote in the "Oh No-No-No, Oh No-No-No" lyrics as a response to The Beatles's famous "Yeah Yeah Yeah".
The song was used in a U.S. Army–produced film, shown to new inductees as early as November 1967, and at least in the big induction center at Ft. Jackson, South Carolina. It played as the film showed new recruits getting off the train at Ft. Jackson, and would get a big laugh from the men watching.
|U.S. Billboard Hot 100||1|
|Canada RPM Magazine||1|
|UK Singles Chart||23|
- Ed Bruce covered the song in a March 1967 single on RCA.
- Los Larks covered the song in 1967 on their album Sound Go-Go.
- The Argentinean singer Jhonny Tedesco and Los Supersonicos]] covered the song in 1967 on an album titled Jhonny Tedesco con los Supersonicos.
- The Shadows performed an instrumental version of the song in 1968 on their album From Hank, Bruce, Brian & John.
- Riblja Corba, a 1980s Serbian rock band, did a cover which it called "Zadnji voz za Cacak".
- On January 15, 2008, a cover of the song was made available as downloadable content for the music video game series Rock Band. *The January 2009 issue of PlayStation: The Official Magazine lists The Monkees' "Last Train to Clarksville" as fourth on its list of Rock Band's "Five Most Unexpectedly Rockin' Downloadable Songs".
- Martika, who played Gloria in Kids Incorporated, covered the song in the 1985 episode "The Abominable Show-Man".
- The Grascals recorded a bluegrass rendition of the song on their album The Famous Lefty Flynn's.
- George Benson recorded an instrumental version in 1968, which he released on his album Shape of Things to Come.
- Cassandra Wilson recorded a slow and sad version on her 1995 album New Moon Daughter.
- Michael Jackson recorded a more up-tempo version of the song in the summer of 2000.
- The Four Tops covered the song on their 1967 album Reach Out along with "I'm a Believer".
- Boyce & Hart Band covered the song on I Dream of Jeannie episode #306, "Jeannie the Hip Hippie"
- A sitar-driven instrumental version of the song was used as incidental music in an episode of the television sitcom Outsourced.
- Plastics released a cover of the song on a 7" flexi disc included with their first album, Welcome Plastics.
- In 2001, the Crawdaddies recorded a Cajun Rock version of the song for their album Spice It Up.
- The Monkees Greatest Hits Rhino Entertainment R2 75785 Liner notes
- "KHJ's 'Boss 30' Records In Southern California! Issue No. 59 - Previewed August 17, 1966". 1966-08-17. Retrieved 2012-05-12.
- Ashley Brown, ed. (1990). Marshall Cavendish Illustrated History of Popular Music Six (Reference ed.). Marshall Cavendish. ISBN 1-85435-021-8.
- Kotal, Kent; Forgotten hits. "The Music of Tommy Boyce and Bobby Hart". Retrieved 5 February 2015.
- "Rock Band' Five Most Unexpectedly Rockin' Downloadable Songs", PlayStation: The Official Magazine (January 2009): 58.
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|Billboard Hot 100 number one single
November 5, 1966 (one week)
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