Ophrys fuciflora

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late spider-orchid
Ophrys fuciflora (detail).jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Tribe: Orchideae
Genus: Ophrys
Species: O. fuciflora
Binomial name
Ophrys fuciflora
(F.W.Schmidt) Moench[1]
Synonyms[3]
  • Arachnites fuciflorus F.W.Schmidt
  • O. holoserica auct., non (Burm.f.) Greuter[2]

Ophrys fuciflora (late spider-orchid[4]) is a species of flowering plant in the orchid family. It is widespread across much of Europe from Britain and Spain to Turkey and Romania, plus Libya and the Middle East as far east as Iraq.[3][5]

There has been considerable confusion over the correct name of this species. Many authors have called it Ophrys holoserica, but O. holoserica (Burm.f.) Greuter is a synonym of a different species, Ophrys apifera, the bee orchid.[2]

Subspecies and varieties[edit]

A long list of subspecies and varieties have been proposed and named. At the present time (May 2014), the following are widely recognized:[3]

    • Ophrys fuciflora subsp. andria (P.Delforge) Faurh. - Greek islands
    • Ophrys fuciflora subsp. apulica O.Danesch & E.Danesch - southern Italy including Sicily
    • Ophrys fuciflora subsp. biancae (Tod.) Faurh. - Sicily
    • Ophrys fuciflora subsp. bornmuelleri (M.Schulze) B.Willing & E.Willing - Turkey, Cyprus, Greek islands, Syria, Palestine, Israel, Iraq
    • Ophrys fuciflora subsp. candica E.Nelson ex Soó - southern Italy including Sicily, plus Greece and Turkey
    • Ophrys fuciflora subsp. chestermanii (J.J.Wood) H.Blatt & W.Wirth - Sardinia
    • Ophrys fuciflora subsp. elatior (Paulus) R.Engel & Quentin Germany, Switzerland, France, Italy, Slovenia, Croatia
    • Ophrys fuciflora subsp. fuciflora - from Britain to Syria
    • Ophrys fuciflora subsp. grandiflora (H.Fleischm. & Soó) Faurh. - Turkey, Cyprus
    • Ophrys fuciflora subsp. lacaitae (Lojac.) Soó - Italy, Malta, Croatia
    • Ophrys fuciflora subsp. oblita (Kreutz, Gügel & W.Hahn) Faurh., H.A.Pedersen & S.G.Christ - Greece, Turkey, Lebanon, Syria, Palestine, Israel
    • Ophrys fuciflora subsp. oxyrrhynchos (Tod.) Soó - southern Italy including Sicily
    • Ophrys fuciflora subsp. pallidiconi Faurh. - Turkey
    • Ophrys fuciflora subsp. parvimaculata O.Danesch & E.Danesch - Italy
    • Ophrys fuciflora var. ziyaretiana (Kreutz & Ruedi Peter) Faurh. & H.A.Pedersen - Turkey, Lebanon, Syria, Palestine, Israel

References[edit]

  1. ^ Moench, Conrad. 1842. Supplementum ad Methodum Plantas : a staminum situ describendi 331
  2. ^ a b "Ophrys holoserica", World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, retrieved 2012-03-28 
  3. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Ophrys fuciflora
  4. ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (XLS) on 2015-02-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17. 
  5. ^ Altervista Flora Italiana, Ofride dei Fuchi, Late Spider Orchid

External links[edit]