Laurentius Paulinus Gothus

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
The Most Reverend
Laurentius Paulinus Gothus
Archbishop of Uppsala
Primate of Sweden
Laurentius Paulinus Gothius.JPG
Church Church of Sweden
Archdiocese Uppsala
Appointed 1637
In office 1637-1646
Predecessor Petrus Kenicius
Successor Johannes Canuti Lenaeus
Orders
Consecration 3 August 1608
by Olaus Martini
Rank Metropolitan Archbishop
Personal details
Born (1565-11-10)November 10, 1565
Söderköping, Sweden
Died April 23, 1669(1669-04-23) (aged 95)
Uppsala, Sweden
Buried Strängnäs Cathedral
Nationality Swede
Parents Påvel Pedersson
Karin Pedersdotter
Spouse Catharina Olofsdotter (Till 1623)
Brita Eriksdotter
Previous post Bishop of Skara (1608-1609)
Bishop of Strängnäs (1609-1637)
Alma mater Uppsala University

Laurentius Paulinus Gothus (November 10, 1565 – November 29, 1646) was a Swedish theologian, astronomer and Archbishop of Uppsala (1637–1645).

Life[edit]

In 1588 Gothus travelled to Germany and studied in the Rostock University for three years.[1] He was influenced by Pierre de la Ramée (also known as Petrus Ramus) and his philosophy rather than the Lutheran scholastics.

After getting an M.A., he returned home to Uppsala in time for the Uppsala Synod in 1593 where the founding dogmas of the Swedish Lutheran Church were made final. He was appointed professor of logistics at the recently reopened, and now Lutheran focused, Uppsala University. In 1598 he re-transferred himself to the professorship in astronomy.

He was, along with some other professors, suspended from his duty in 1606, because the archbishop of 1600 had demanded the professors to sign a petition supporting the recently crowned Sigismund of Sweden. In 1606, his antagonist Duke Charles was crowned and was not too happy about this.

When a comet appeared on the sky in 1607, Laurentius declared he could interpret what this signified. The belief in astrology and the significance of heavenly signs were still strong (see for instance, astronomer Tycho Brahe), and Laurentius was no exception. His interpretations made him important for the King, he reinstated him at the university.

A while later, he got involved in philosophical disputes with the professor in philosophy, Jonas Magni, who was an adherent of Aristotle. Laurentius's had from Ramée acquired a scepticism towards this philosophy and defended his views rigorously.

Works[edit]

Laurentius wrote many theological and astronomical works and also published calendars. He furthermore published a thorough Ethica Christiana 1615-30, a work in six parts in Swedish about Lutheranism. Following this, he in 1631 wrote a summary of this work which has been called the prime catechetical work from 17th century Sweden.

He also wrote some historical works about Swedish history.


References[edit]

  1. ^ See entry of Laurentius Paulinus Gothus in the Rostock Matrikelportal