Lee Cissna

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Lee Cissna
Lee Francis Cissna official photo.jpg
Director of the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services
In office
October 8, 2017 – June 1, 2019
PresidentDonald Trump
Preceded byLeon Rodriguez
Succeeded byMark Koumans (acting)[1]
Personal details
Born
Lee Francis Cissna

(1966-07-05) July 5, 1966 (age 53)
Silver Spring, Maryland, U.S.
EducationMassachusetts Institute of Technology (BS)
Columbia University (MA)
Georgetown University (JD)

Lee Francis Cissna (born July 5, 1966) is an American lawyer and government official who served as Director of United States Citizenship and Immigration Services from 2017 to 2019.[2][3][4] Prior to assuming that role, he was the Director of Immigration Policy in the Office of Policy of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security.

Early life and education[edit]

Cissna is the son of a Peruvian immigrant.[5] He graduated from Massachusetts Institute of Technology with a Bachelor of Science (B.S.) in physics and political science. He also attended Columbia University and obtained a Master of Arts (M.A.) in international affairs, as well as Georgetown University Law Center, where he received his Juris Doctor (J.D.).[6]

Career[edit]

Public sector[edit]

Cissna worked at the U.S. Department of State, serving as a U.S. Foreign Service Officer stationed in Port-au-Prince, Haiti and Stockholm, Sweden. He also worked in the Office of the Chief Counsel under U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services.[6][7]

Cissna also served on the staff of Senator Chuck Grassley.[8][4]

Cissna was the Director of Immigration Policy in the Office of Policy of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, where he created and administered policy focused on immigration benefits programs, including with respect to temporary workers and immigrants.[6] He was also Chair of the OECD Working Party on Migration.[9]

Private sector[edit]

Cissna was an attorney at the law firm of Kaufman & Canoles in Richmond, Virginia, working in the immigration group. He also practiced law at Steptoe & Johnson LLP and Kirkpatrick & Lockhart LLP in their international trade practice group.[6]

USCIS Director[edit]

Nomination[edit]

On April 8, 2017, President Trump announced his intent to nominate Cissna as Director of United States Citizenship and Immigration Services.[10] That agency is under the Department of Homeland Security, where Cissna currently works as director of immigration policy in the Office of Policy.[11]

The Trump administration was interested in Cissna due to his work on the displacement of U.S. workers by foreign workers on H-1B visas. Mark Krikorian, executive director of the Center for Immigration Studies, stated that Cissna is "very knowledgeable about the immigration system" and knows "all of the wrinkles of this stuff."[7]

On April 25, 2017, Cissna's nomination was received in the U.S. Senate and referred to the Committee on the Judiciary.[12] He was confirmed by the U.S. Senate on October 5, 2017.[13]

Tenure[edit]

In February 2018, Cissna announced a new mission statement for USCIS. The new mission statement no longer included the phrase "USCIS secures America's promise as a nation of immigrants." When asked about the removal of this phrase, Cissna said the U.S. is "indisputably a nation of immigrants" and that the agency's mission was "not something where you put eternal professions of American values. That sort of thing belongs chiseled in the wall of a monument, not in some bureaucratic mission statement."[14][15][16]

Cissna had a role in the Trump administration family separation policy.[5]

In June 2018, Cissna issued a new policy memo directing USCIS to investigate "thousands of old fingerprint records and files to determine whether foreigners made false or fraudulent statements in their attempts to obtain legal residency in the United States."[17]

According to a September 2018 profile in Politico, as the head of USCIS, Cissna has "transformed his agency into more of an enforcement body and less of a service provider."[5]

Resignation[edit]

On April 7, 2019, rumors began to float that White House advisor Stephen Miller was pressuring for the replacement of Cissna as part of larger purge of immigration and homeland security officials in the Trump administration.[18][19][20][8] Sources indicated that Julie Kirchner, the former executive director of the Federation for American Immigration Reform (FAIR), which pushes for lower levels of immigration, was being considered as an option to lead the agency.[8] Leaders of anti-immigration groups, including Rosemary Jenks at NumbersUSA, RJ Human at FAIR, and Mark Krikorian at Center for Immigration Studies, pushed for Cissna to remain at the head of USCIS, calling him effective at his work and skillfull within the bounds of the law at restricting legal immigration to the United States.[21][4][18] Senator Grassley referred to a potential firing of Cissna as "a real mistake ... to fire good people like that."[22][4]

On May 24, 2019, Cissna announced in an email to USCIS employees that he had submitted his resignation at the request of President Trump, effective June 1.[3][4]

Personal life[edit]

Cissna's wife's mother came to the U.S. as a Palestinian refugee in 1957. Cissna speaks English and Spanish. He has two children.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.uscis.gov/about-us/leadership/mark-koumans-acting-director-us-citizenship-and-immigration-services
  2. ^ "Questionnaire" (PDF). www.judiciary.senate.gov.
  3. ^ a b Choi, Matthew; Kumar, Anita (May 24, 2019). "Citizenship and immigration services chief resigns". Politico. Retrieved May 24, 2019.
  4. ^ a b c d e Sands, Geneva (May 24, 2019). "Trump's Citizenship and Immigration Services director out". CNN.
  5. ^ a b c d Hesson, Ted (September 20, 2018). "The Man Behind Trump's 'Invisible Wall'". Politico. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  6. ^ a b c d "President Donald J. Trump Announces Intent to Nominate Lee Francis Cissna to the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services". whitehouse.gov. 2017-04-08. Retrieved 2017-05-16.
  7. ^ a b "Trump Nominating Francis Cissna to Head Immigration Agency". www.bna.com. Retrieved 2017-05-16.
  8. ^ a b c Hesson, Ted (April 10, 2019). "White House eyeing former head of anti-immigration group for DHS job". Politico.
  9. ^ "Conclusions of the Chair" (PDF). www.oecd.org. Retrieved 16 May 2017.
  10. ^ "Trump to nominate DHS official to lead US Citizenship and Immigration Services". Washington Examiner. Retrieved 2017-05-16.
  11. ^ "Trump nominates Lee Francis Cissna as Immigration Services chief". Deccan Chronicle. 2017-04-09. Retrieved 2017-05-16.
  12. ^ "PN352 - Nomination of Lee Francis Cissna for Department of Homeland Security, 115th Congress (2017-2018)". www.congress.gov. 2017-04-25. Retrieved 2017-05-16.
  13. ^ Cairny, Jordain (October 5, 2017). "Senate votes to confirm key Trump immigration official". The Hill. Retrieved 5 October 2017.
  14. ^ Devereaux, Ryan (2018-02-22). "U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services Will Remove "Nation of Immigrants" From Mission Statement". The Intercept. Retrieved 2018-02-25.
  15. ^ Spagat, Ryan (2018-02-27). "US visa boss insists mission statement isn't anti-immigrant". chicagotribune.com.
  16. ^ Cissna, Lee (2018-02-22). "USCIS Director L. Francis Cissna on New Agency Mission Statement". www.uscis.gov.
  17. ^ Miroff, Nick (June 13, 2018). "Scanning immigrants' old fingerprints, U.S. threatens to strip thousands of citizenship". Washington Post. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  18. ^ a b Kumar, Anita (April 7, 2019). "Stephen Miller pressuring Trump officials amid immigration shakeups". Politico.
  19. ^ Alvarez, Priscilla (April 8, 2019). "Trump overseeing 'near-systematic purge' at Department of Homeland Security". CNN.com.
  20. ^ Garrett, Major (April 8, 2019). "Secret Service director and other top Homeland Security officials leaving in overhaul". CBSNews.com.
  21. ^ "Stephen Miller's influence rising amid changes at DHS". April 9, 2019.
  22. ^ "Stephen Miller, driving force behind DHS overhaul, looking to revive the family separation policy". CBSNews.com. April 9, 2019.

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Leon Rodriguez
Director of the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services
2017–2019
Succeeded by
Mark Koumans (Acting)