Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Mark Jones|
|Produced by||Jeffrey B. Mallian|
|Written by||Mark Jones|
|Edited by||Christopher Roth|
|Distributed by||Trimark Pictures|
|Box office||$8.6 million (US)|
Leprechaun is a 1993 American comedy horror film written and directed by Mark Jones. It stars Warwick Davis in the title role and Jennifer Aniston in her film debut. Davis plays a vengeful leprechaun who believes a family has stolen his pot of gold. As he hunts them, they attempt to locate his gold to vanquish him. The film was originally meant to be more of a straight horror film, but Davis injected humor into his role. Re-shoots also added increased gore to appeal to older audiences.
It was the first film produced in-house by Trimark to be theatrically released and grossed $8.6 million in North America against a budget of less than $1 million. Reviews on release were negative and focused on the film's acting, humor, and directing, all of which were criticized; it has also been called Aniston's worst film. It is the first entry in the Leprechaun horror film series and was followed by six sequels and a remake. Leprechaun is often broadcast on Saint Patrick's Day.
In 1983, Dan O'Grady returns to his home in North Dakota from a trip to his native Ireland, where he stole the pot of gold from a leprechaun. After burying the gold, O'Grady discovers that the evil leprechaun has followed him home and murdered his wife. O'Grady uses a four-leaf clover to suppress the leprechaun's powers and trap it inside a crate. Before he can burn it, he suffers a stroke.
Ten years later, J. D. Redding and his teenage daughter Tory rent the O'Grady farmhouse for the summer. Contract workers Nathan Murphy, his 10-year-old brother Alex, and their dimwitted friend Ozzie Jones help re-paint the farmhouse. While looking around the basement, Ozzie hears the leprechaun's cry for help and mistakes him for a little child. He brushes the old four-leaf clover off the crate, freeing the leprechaun. After failing to convince the others that he met a leprechaun, Ozzie spots a rainbow and chases it, believing that he will find a pot of gold at the end. Alex accompanies him for fear that Ozzie might hurt himself. A bag of one hundred gold pieces magically appears before Ozzie. After Ozzie tests the gold and accidentally swallows a piece, they stash it in an old well and plot to keep it for themselves, hoping to fix Ozzie's brain.
At the farm, the leprechaun lures J. D. into a trap by imitating a cat, biting and injuring his hand. Tory and the others rush him to the hospital, and the leprechaun follows on a tricycle. Alex and Ozzie visit a pawn shop to see if the gold is pure, and the leprechaun kills Joe the shop owner for stealing his gold. The leprechaun returns to the farmhouse, where he searches for his gold and shines every shoe that he finds. After leaving J. D. at the hospital, the group drives back to the farmhouse. Finding it ransacked, Nathan checks outside, where he is injured by a bear trap set by the leprechaun.
After finding a shotgun in the farmhouse, they shoot the leprechaun several times. When this has no effect, they attempt to flee the farm, but their truck's engine has been sabotaged by the leprechaun. After ramming the truck with a go-kart, the leprechaun terrorizes the group until Ozzie reveals that he and Alex found the pot of gold. Tory recovers the bag from the well and gives it to the leprechaun. Believing the worst to be over, they leave for the hospital. While counting his gold, the leprechaun discovers that he is missing the piece that Ozzie swallowed. Thinking that they have tricked him, he menaces them until Ozzie tells them about O'Grady, who was taken to a nursing home after his stroke. Tory visits the home to learn how to kill the leprechaun.
At the nursing home, the leprechaun pretends to be O'Grady. After he chases Tory to an elevator, the leprechaun throws O'Grady's bloodied body down the shaft as Tory flees. Before dying, O'Grady tells her that the only way to kill the leprechaun is with a four-leaf clover. Tory returns to the farmhouse, where she searches for a clover until she is attacked by the leprechaun; Nathan and Ozzie save her. Alex sets a trap near the well, but the leprechaun almost kills him. Ozzie reveals that he swallowed the last gold coin, and the leprechaun critically wounds him trying to get it. Before the leprechaun can kill Ozzie, Alex takes a four-leaf clover Tory has found, sticks it to a wad of gum, and shoots it into the leprechaun's mouth, taking away his power. The leprechaun falls into the well, but his skeleton climbs out. Nathan pushes the leprechaun back into the well and blows up both the well and the leprechaun with gasoline. The police arrive, and Tory is reunited with her father. As the police investigate the remains of the well, the leprechaun vows he will not rest until he recovers every last piece of his gold.
- Warwick Davis as The Leprechaun
- Jennifer Aniston as Tory Redding
- Ken Olandt as Nathan Murphy
- Mark Holton as Ozzie Jones
- Robert Hy Gorman as Alex Murphy
- David Permenter as Deputy Tripet
- William Newman as Sheriff Roy Cronin
- Shay Duffin as Daniel O'Grady
- Pamela Mant as Mrs. O'Grady
- John Sanderford as J. D. Redding
- John Voldstad as Joe
Mark Jones, the writer-director, had a career in American television shows. Desiring to make a film, he decided that a low budget horror film was his best opportunity. Jones was inspired by the Lucky Charms commercials to create a leprechaun character, only his twist was to turn the character into an antagonist. Jones was further influenced by the film Critters, which featured a small antagonist. Jones brought the concept to Trimark, who were looking to get into film production and distribution. Leprechaun became the first film produced in-house by Trimark to be theatrically released. Entertainment Weekly quoted the budget at "just under $1 million". In an interview with Fangoria, Jones stated that he began writing the script in 1985 and spent a long time developing the Leprechaun character, which he initially envisioned as a "horrible, murderous creature", but which became a more comedic and developed character before filming began. Warwick Davis, who had experienced a dry spell after playing the protagonist in Willow, liked the script and was excited to play against type. Jennifer Aniston, who was an unknown at the time, impressed Jones, and he fought to have her cast.
Shooting occurred over three weeks, beginning at Valencia Studios, where Terminator 2: Judgment Day had recently finished production. Several violent scenes were filmed at Big Sky Ranch, where Little House on the Prairie and The Waltons were shot. Davis later said it felt "a little blasphemous". Davis performed most of his own stunts. For the scene where Davis chases Aniston in a wheelchair, Aniston had to run in slow motion so that Davis could keep up with her, as he had trouble manipulating the wheels. The film was initially more of a straightforward horror film, but Davis sought to add more comedic elements. Jones agreed with this tonal shift, and they shot it as a horror comedy. Several scenes had to be re-shot after the producers insisted that the film be made gorier to appeal to older audiences.
Gabe Bartalos performed the make-up effects. Trimark contacted Bartalos to produce a sample. Bartalos's early efforts were not to his liking, and he pushed the design in a more grotesque direction, as that was what he wanted to see on the screen as a horror fan. Bartalos's design impressed Trimark, and he got the account. Applying the make-up took three hours, and taking it off took another 40 minutes. Davis described the experience as "not a pleasant sensation". To pass the time while the make-up was being applied, Davis said he had bizarre conversations with Bartalos, with whom he got along well. Davis was conscious of the need to stay relaxed and not move, and he channelled his confidence that the make-up effects were properly applied into his acting.
Leading up to the film's release, Trimark engaged in an aggressive marketing campaign, partnering with the National Basketball Association, American Stock Exchange, and, after failing to secure deals with either corporate headquarters, individual franchisees of Domino's Pizza and Subway. Leprechaun opened on January 8, 1993, in 620 theatres and took in $2,493,020 its opening week, ultimately earning $8,556,940 in the United States. Vidmark released it on VHS in April 1993, and it sold over 100,000 copies. The film score was released on March 9, 1993, by Intrada Records. The film was released on DVD in August 1998. Lionsgate released a triple feature collection on March 11, 2008. All seven films in the series were released on Blu-ray in a collection in September 2014. The film is often broadcast on cable channels such as Syfy on Saint Patrick's Day.
Sequels and reboot
Leprechaun was followed by five sequels: Leprechaun 2 (1994), Leprechaun 3 (1995), Leprechaun 4: In Space (1997), Leprechaun in the Hood (2000), and Leprechaun: Back 2 tha Hood (2003). In 2014, a reboot, Leprechaun: Origins was released. After Leprechaun 2's theatrical gross disappointed Trimark, Leprechaun 3 was released direct-to-video. Origins was theatrically released. Leprechaun Returns was released on DVD on December 11, 2018. It serves as a direct sequel to the original film, ignoring the subsequent installments. The film stars Linden Porco as the Leprechaun and Mark Holton as Ozzie Jones, who reprise his role from the first film and directed by Steven Kostanski.
On release, critical reception to the film was negative. Writing for The Deseret News, Chris Hicks said that the film should have been released direct-to-video. Also criticizing Trimark's release of the film, The Austin Chronicle's Marc Savlov called it cliched, uninteresting, and an "utter waste of perfectly good Kodak film stock". Internet-based critic James Berardinelli called it "unwatchable" and not even enjoyably bad, and Matt Bourjaily of the Chicago Tribune wrote that the film "has brought new meaning to the term 'bad'". At the Los Angeles Daily News, Robert Strauss called it "as witless and worthless a horror film as could possibly be conjured". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette critic Ron Weiskind called the film incompetent and criticized the film's acting, lack of suspense, and production values. Weiskind concluded, "Forget about the proverbial pot of gold. The movie Leprechaun is a crock."
Michael Wilmington of the Los Angeles Times called the cast "the usual all-formula grab-bag", and The Washington Post's Richard Harrington said the human actors are all bland. Berardinelli described the characters as "a group of morons who act like they flunked kindergarten" but said Aniston "might be competent" in a better film. Weiskind instead called Aniston's character a "Beverly Hills brat" who audiences will want to die. Of Davis, Harrington wrote that he "imbues a weak character with a strong presence", saying the film is only interesting while Davis is on-screen. Harrington concludes that the film is notable only for Davis' performance. Vincent Canby of The New York Times called the leprechaun "no more than dangerously cranky" and reminiscent of Chucky from Child's Play; Hicks also described the leprechaun as similar to Chucky. Wilmington wrote that while a killer Leprechaun logically follows a trend of gimmicky antagonists, it is still a bad idea.
Of the film's humor, Wilmington wrote that Leprechaun "isn't dumb enough to be fun". Hicks described the film's humor as "ill-advised slapstick", and Canby wrote that it is "neither scary nor funny". Berardinelli called the leprechaun's one-liners "more idiotic than pithy". Writing in the Chicago Sun-Times, critic Jeff Makos unfavorably compared the film's tone to that of Tremors, which he posited as an influence. Makos said Davis does his best to be funny, but the film has no funny jokes, making audience feedback probably more entertaining than the film itself. The use of Lucky Charms as humor also received commentary. Harrington wrote that Jones is "so bereft of inventive ideas that he refers to Lucky Charms cereal not once but three times", and Bourjaily criticized the Lucky Charms jokes as unfunny.
Berardinelli said director Mark Jones has no style evident in the film. Wilmington described it as a "dingy, drab, pointless little movie ... made without flair or imagination, seemingly enervated by its own bad taste and low intentions". Canby called the screenplay and direction amateurish, and Hicks wrote that Jones is bereft of ideas and should go back to his day job, describing the plot as "by-the-numbers killings with no rhyme or reason". Harrington wrote that the film "has major continuity and credibility problems". Strauss identified the theme as anti-greed but said the writing is "simultaneously prosaic and murky", causing Jones to miss his mark. Wilmington wrote that the leprechaun's cries for his gold reflects the filmmakers' cynical desire for box office success. Sight & Sound described Leprechaun as a film which seems to have no concept of a target audience, stating, "Jones wants this to be a lively romp for older kids in the mould of Time Bandits...but also wants to corner the lucrative horror market." The review concluded, "Unsuitable for adults or kids, this is ultimately for completists." Harrington called the make-up "quite evil-looking", though Strauss wrote that "effects are strictly so-so".
Rotten Tomatoes, a review aggregator, reports that 23% of 13 critics gave the film a positive review; the average rating is 4/10. A 2014 retrospective from Entertainment Weekly identified it as Aniston's worst role to date, and Aniston herself has expressed embarrassment over the film. In 2009, Tanya Gold of The Guardian selected it as one of her ten favorite scary films to watch on Halloween.
- "Leprechaun (1993)". British Board of Film Classification. Retrieved September 5, 2017.
- Collis, Clark (August 25, 2014). "Shlocky charms: The crazy rise and 'terrifying' return of 'Leprechaun'". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved February 11, 2015.
- "Leprechaun (1993)". The Numbers. Retrieved September 5, 2017.
- Shapiro, Marc (1992). Leprechaun Lucky Harms. Fangoria (111). pp. 26–29.
- Davis, Warwick (2011). Size Matters Not. John Wiley & Sons. pp. 190–194. ISBN 9781118119396.
- Robinson, Tasha (November 7, 2001). "Interview: Warwick Davis". The A.V. Club. Retrieved April 2, 2016.
- Broeske, Pat H. (January 29, 1993). "Marketing 'Leprechaun'". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved April 18, 2016.
- "Leprechaun". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved February 11, 2015.
- "Movies". Orlando Sentinel. April 9, 1993. Retrieved February 11, 2015.
- Muir 2011, p. 293.
- "Leprechaun - Kevin Kiner". AllMusic. Retrieved July 4, 2016.
- Traiman, Steve (July 11, 1998). "DVD ETA: A Flood of Second-Half Releases Signals Format's Arrival". Billboard. 110 (28): 63–68.
- Weintraub, Steve (February 10, 2008). "New Lionsgate DVD Cover Art and Info – March". Collider.com. Retrieved February 11, 2015.
- Gingold, Michael (June 24, 2014). "Exclusive details/cover art: "Leprechaun: The Complete Movie Collection" Blu-ray set". Fangoria. Retrieved February 11, 2015.
- Hubbard, Amy (March 17, 2013). "St. Patrick's Day good for a Google Doodle and a 'Leprechaun'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 13, 2015.
- Haidet, Ryan (March 17, 2016). "How Jennifer Aniston made St. Patrick's Day scary forever". WVEC. Retrieved July 4, 2016.
- Thurman, Trace (March 17, 2015). "A Definitive Ranking of All Seven 'Leprechaun' Films". Bloody Disgusting. Retrieved July 3, 2016.
- Fitzpatrick, Eileen (April 29, 1995). "Shelf Talk". Billboard. Vol. 107 no. 17. p. 76.
- Graser, Marc (August 4, 2014). "WWE Studio's 'Leprechaun: Origins' Gets Theatrical Release (EXCLUSIVE)". Variety. Retrieved July 3, 2016.
- Miska, Brad. "'Leprechaun Returns' Poster Climbs Out of the Original Film's Well [Exclusive]". Bloody Disgusting. Retrieved November 4, 2018.
- Hicks, Chris (March 18, 1993). "Film review: Leprechaun". The Deseret News. Retrieved February 13, 2015.
- Savlov, Marc (January 15, 1993). "Leprechaun". The Austin Chronicle. Retrieved February 13, 2015.
- Berardinelli, James (1993). "Leprechaun". Reelviews.net. Retrieved February 13, 2015.
- Bourjaily, Matt (January 22, 1993). "'Leprechaun' Gags On Bad Jokes". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved February 13, 2015.
- Strauss, Robert (January 11, 1993). "No Gold In 'Leprechaun'". Los Angeles Daily News. Retrieved February 13, 2015 – via Philly.com.
- Weiskind, Ron (February 6, 1993). "You'll Need to Take a Lucky Charm Along to Get Through Blarney in 'Leprechaun'". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. p. C4.
- Wilmington, Michael (January 11, 1993). "Stage and Film : 'Leprechaun' Savages Taste in Bloody Quest for Gold". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 11, 2015.
- Harrington, Richard (January 9, 1993). "'Leprechaun' (R)". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 11, 2015.
- Canby, Vincent (January 9, 1993). "Leprechaun (1993)". The New York Times. Retrieved February 11, 2015.
- Makos, Jeff (January 11, 1993). "'Leprechaun' Needs Some Luck". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on March 29, 2015. Retrieved February 13, 2015 – via HighBeam Research.
- "Video". Sight & Sound. Vol. 3 no. 12. London: British Film Institute. December 1, 1993. p. 59.
- "Leprechaun (1993)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved June 1, 2016.
- Nashawaty, Chris (March 26, 2014). "24 Stars' Worst Movies". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved June 3, 2016.
- Kelleher, Lynne (November 21, 2014). "Jennifer Aniston tells of 'mortifying moment' fiance Justin Theroux stumbled across her first film 'Leprechaun'". Irish Independent. Retrieved June 3, 2016.
- Gold, Tanya (October 29, 2009). "Horror films for Halloween". The Guardian. Retrieved February 13, 2015.