Fitiuta, American Samoa

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Fitiuta
Country United States
Territory American Samoa
CountyFitiuta
Population
 (2000)
 • Total358
Time zoneUTC−11 (Samoa Time Zone)
ZIP code
96799
Area code(s)+1 684

Fitiuta, also known as Fiti'uta or Maia, is a village on the northeast coast of Ta‘ū island, one of the Manu‘a Islands in American Samoa. According to the US Census of 2000, Fitiuta had a population of 358, down from 454 in 1990.[citation needed] As of the 2010 United States Census, it had a population of 270.[1] The village of Fitiuta is made up of two hamlets: Maia and Leusoali'i,[1] the latter of which is the most eastern area on the island. Historically, they were classified as villages.[2] The town has two shops, a hotel and a church, which was recently built. Fitiuta Airport is located in the town.[2]

The area is famed for its myths and legends. According to Samoan mythology, it was in a place called Saua in Fitiuta that the god Tagaloa decided to make the first human being and crown the first human king, the Tuimanu'a. It was also near this village that the first kava ceremony was performed.[3]:1-2

Etymology[edit]

According to legends, the village was originally known as Aga'e. The village was home to the first Samoan chief, Tagaloa Ui, in ancient times. He was a mortal descendant from the gods and his daughter, Sina, was known all over the Samoan Islands for her beauty. Tuifiti, the king of Fiji, traveled to Samoa and proposed to Sina. After some time in Fiji, Sina became lonely and the chief’s eldest son, Taeotagaloa, traveled to Fiji in order to bring her home. The king was sad to see Queen Sina leave and made a request for her to rename her village “Fitiuta”, which means “Fiji in the Mountains.”[3]:9

Geography[edit]

The village is located on the northeast coast of Ta‘ū Island.[4] Fitiuta is one of three villages on Ta'ū Island. On both sides of the village are steep slopes with agricultural lands on their summits, owned by Fitiuta families and certain areas communally owned by Fitiuta village. A number of fruits are grown here, including breadfruit, banana, coconut, and some taro. The village of Fitiuta is made up of two hamlets: Maia and Leusoali'i. The two Fitiuta hamlets share the same schoolhouse, dispensary building, and church.[3]:1-3

It is directly north of the National Park of American Samoa.[5]

The climate is described as "a warm, tropical island surrounded by the South Pacific Ocean with temperatures moderated by southeast trade winds. It has humid days and nights and rainfall is abundant."[2]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Table 1b. Population, Housing Units, Land Area, and Density by Place for American Samoa: 2010", United States Census, 2010; American Samoa;. Retrieved on 2019-09-17.
  2. ^ a b c "Fitiuta Airport (FAQ)". American Samoa | Department of Port Administration. Retrieved 2019-09-17.
  3. ^ a b c Holmes, Lowell D. (1974). Samoan Village. Holt McDougal. ISBN 9780030779251
  4. ^ Hills, J.W. (2010). O upu muamua i le Tala i le Lalolagi mo e ua faatoa a'oa'oina u lea mataupu: Elementary Geography. Nabu Press. Page 63. ISBN 9781147952896.
  5. ^ "Maps - National Park of American Samoa". U.S. National Park Service. Retrieved 2019-09-17.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 14°13′20″S 169°25′25″W / 14.22222°S 169.42361°W / -14.22222; -169.42361