Leyden, New York

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Leyden, New York
Town
Leyden, New York is located in New York
Leyden, New York
Leyden, New York
Location within the state of New York
Coordinates: 43°32′49″N 75°21′37″W / 43.54694°N 75.36028°W / 43.54694; -75.36028Coordinates: 43°32′49″N 75°21′37″W / 43.54694°N 75.36028°W / 43.54694; -75.36028
Country United States
State New York
County Lewis
Area
 • Total 33.5 sq mi (86.9 km2)
 • Land 33.3 sq mi (86.3 km2)
 • Water 0.2 sq mi (0.6 km2)
Elevation 1,138 ft (347 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,785
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 13433
Area code(s) 315
FIPS code 36-42213
GNIS feature ID 979148[1]

Leyden is a town in Lewis County, New York, United States. The population was 1,785 at the 2010 census.

The Town of Leyden is in the south part of the county and is north of Rome.

History[edit]

Settlement began around 1794.

Leyden was formed from the Town of Steuben (in Oneida County, New York) in 1797. Leyden formed part of a tract called the "Inman Triangle."

The Town of Leyden gave up much of its territory to form new towns such as the Towns of Watson (1851) and Lewis (1852). Leyden was also partitioned to form the Towns of Brownville (Jefferson County in 1802) and Boonville (Oneida County in 1805), and part of the Town of Wilna (Jefferson County in 1813). Port Leyden in the town was a port on the former Black River Canal. The city is named after the Dutch city Leiden.[2]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 33.5 square miles (87 km2), of which 33.3 square miles (86 km2) is land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2) (0.66%) is water.

The Black River marks the eastern town line, and the south town line is the border of Oneida County.

New York State Route 12 and New York State Route 12D are principal north-south highways in the town. NY-12 runs closer to the Black River.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 1,203
1830 1,502 24.9%
1840 2,438 62.3%
1850 2,253 −7.6%
1860 1,859 −17.5%
1870 2,048 10.2%
1880 1,933 −5.6%
1890 1,624 −16.0%
1900 1,629 0.3%
1910 1,613 −1.0%
1920 1,515 −6.1%
1930 1,482 −2.2%
1940 1,519 2.5%
1950 1,622 6.8%
1960 1,715 5.7%
1970 1,677 −2.2%
1980 1,660 −1.0%
1990 1,796 8.2%
2000 1,792 −0.2%
2010 1,785 −0.4%
Est. 2014 1,782 [3] −0.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 1,792 people, 676 households, and 488 families residing in the town. The population density was 53.8 people per square mile (20.8/km²). There were 807 housing units at an average density of 24.2 per square mile (9.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 99.05% White, 0.22% African American, 0.11% Native American, 0.17% from other races, and 0.45% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.17% of the population.

There were 676 households out of which 37.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.0% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.8% were non-families. 23.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the town, the population was spread out with 28.9% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 30.1% from 25 to 44, 21.4% from 45 to 64, and 12.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 98.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.2 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $29,489, and the median income for a family was $33,512. Males had a median income of $27,424 versus $20,250 for females. The per capita income for the town was $14,252. About 13.9% of families and 19.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.5% of those under age 18 and 17.5% of those age 65 or over.

Communities and locations in Leyden[edit]

  • Leyden Hill – A former community in the north part of Leyden.
  • Locust Grove – A hamlet southwest of Port Leyden and on NY-12D.
  • The Narrows – A narrow part of the Black River channel.
  • Port Leyden – Most of the Village of Port Leyden is at the eastern town line at the Black River and NY-12.
  • Talcottville – A hamlet west of Port Leyden and on NY-12D.

Notable person[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Leyden, New York
  2. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 186. 
  3. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  4. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ Minnesota State Law Library-Wallace B. Douglas Archived 2014-01-05 at the Wayback Machine.