Liborio Mejía

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Liborio Mejía Gutiérrez
Mejilibo.jpg
President of the United Provinces of the New Granada*
In office
June 22, 1816 – June 30, 1816
Preceded by José Fernández Madrid
Succeeded by Custodio García Rovira
Vice President of the United Provinces of the New Granada
In office
June 30, 1816 – July 10, 1816
President Custodio García Rovira
Personal details
Born July 28, 1792
Rionegro, Antioquia
Died September 3, 1816
Bogotá, Cundinamarca
Alma mater Colegio Mayor de San Bartolomé
  • Youngest person to hold the presidency of the Colombia

Liborio Mejía Gutiérrez (July 28, 1792 – September 3, 1816) was a Colombian colonel and politician during the struggle for Independence from Spain, and in 1816 Liborio Mejía became president of the United Provinces of the New Granada[1] making him the youngest person to ever hold the presidency of Colombia at the age of 24. He was executed three months later during the Reconquista led by the Spaniard Pablo Morillo.

Early life[edit]

Mejía, son of José Antonio Mejía y María Gutiérrez, was born on July 28, 1792, in Rio Negro, in the province of Antioquia, in the Viceroyalty of New Granada in what is now Colombia. He studied in the Colegio Mayor de San Bartolomé between 1808 and 1812 in Santafé de Bogotá. Upon his return to Medellín, he taught philosophy in the Colegio Provincial, in what is now the University of Antioquia. He studied and worked with Francisco José de Caldas on the defense plans for Antioquia from the royalist’s Reconquista.[2]

Since 1813 he got involved in the fight for independence, joining in the army assembled by the colonel José María Gutiérrez.[3] In short time he was made colonel and put in charge of the garrison unit in Popayán.

Political and military life[edit]

Facing the resignation of president José Fernández Madrid on June 22, 1816,[4] the Permanent Commission of Congress, then assembled in Popayán, named in his place, general Custodio García Rovira as president of the United Provinces, and colonel Mejía as vice-president.[5] Mejía, however, had to assume the Presidency with the dictatorship powers bestowed to the president by Congress, because García Rovira was unable to assume the presidency at the moment.[6]

His presidency was short lived, he had only time to assemble a War Council in which it was decided to assemble a 600 manned army led by Mejía and head south and face the forces of Juan Sámano. Mejía faced Sámano in the Battle of Cuchilla del Tambo which culminated with the defeat of the patriots on June 29.[7] Mejía escaped to La Plata where he ceded his presidential powers to Custodio García Rovira, thus assuming the vice presidency as first intended.

The Spanish army, this time at the command of Carlos Toirá, caught up to colonel Mejía in La Plata. The battle came to an end on July 10, 1816 resulting on the final defeat for Mejía and the Neogranadines. Mejía was able to escape but a few days later was captured and made prisoner.[8]

Made prisoner of war, he was transferred to Bogotá, where on September 3, 1816, Mejía, was executed for treason under orders of Pablo Morillo and Juan Sámano, along with other founding fathers, who later became known collectively as the Martyrs of Independence. With the defeat of Mejía at Cuchilla del Tambo, the Reconquista was established. Mejía died at the age of 25, single and with no children.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Countries Ci-Co
  2. ^ Líborio Mejíahttp://www.lablaa.org/blaavirtual/biografias/mejilibo.htm
  3. ^ Biblioteca Luis Ángel Arango Archived 2007-07-17 at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ Biblioteca Luis Ángel Arango
  5. ^ Vida de Herrán: Biografía By Eduardo Posada https://books.google.com/books?id=kpoCAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA13&dq=liborio+mejía
  6. ^ Significado Histórico del Nombre de Algunas Calles y Carreras de la Ciudad de Medellín by Pedro Rodríguez Mira, "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-06-09. Retrieved 2007-07-25.  - Page 23
  7. ^ Batallas en la Independencia suramericana Archived 2007-07-12 at the Wayback Machine.
  8. ^ Biografias militares, o historia militar del pais en medio siglo By José María Baraya, [1]

See also[edit]