|Comune di Lierna|
|Province||Province of Lecco (LC)|
|• Total||11.3 km2 (4.4 sq mi)|
|Population (Dec. 2004)|
|• Density||180/km2 (480/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|known as the 'wine village'|
Lierna is a comune (municipality) on Lake Como in the Province of Lecco in the Italian region Lombardy, located about 60 kilometres (37 mi) north of Milan and about 55 kilometres (34 mi) of Chiasso (Swiss). The Lierna surface is only 11 square kilometers and is known as " the little pearl of Lake Como ". It is considered one of the most picturesque villages of Lake Como and known as the Village of Wine for its historic Vineyards that date back to the times of Ancient Rome.
The image of the beach of Lierna, Rivabianca was chosen as the symbol of the tourist advertising campaign for the regional marketing of all the Lombardy Region, the Region of Lake Como, to the Italian Government.
- 1 The land of Lierna
- 2 History
- 3 People who have stayed at Lierna
- 4 Celebrities linked to Lierna
- 5 Movies shots in Lierna
- 6 Curiosity
- 7 Lierna in the art
- 8 The districts and the ancient villages of Lierna
- 9 Monuments and places of interest
- 10 Museums
- 11 Demographic evolution
- 12 Voci correlate
- 13 Bibliografia
- 14 Collegamenti esterni
- 15 References
The land of Lierna
The principal productions of this village are wine. The lands of Lake Como in Lierna are precious for the quality of the soil suitable for the cultivation of particular grapes since the Ancient Rome, who already knew that the black-coloured soil of Lierna containing a high percentage of particular unique humus, phosphoric acids and phosphorus that make the soil very fertile and produces a high agricultural yield.
Lierna's land are very valuable, not just the flat, almost impossible to find, for their biological quality but for the particular and unique microclimate available with a side bordered by the lake and the other from the rocks of the mountain, that on the other hand reduce the possibility of extensive crops but are perfect for the cultivation of vineyards in steep areas. To help this microclimate are also the unique lake winds including the unique types of winds called "Breva". On the side the village of Lierna takes its name also from the Latin Hibernate testify the mild climate.
The land of Lierna are inside "Terre Lariane", the soil are classified for wine protected geographical indication (PGI) and includes the following types of wine: White, White Passito, Rose, Red, Red Passito, Novello and Rosso Novello Rosato.
The Faculty of Agriculture of the University of Milan and several winemakers have recreated, with careful selection of the best grapes of Lierna, testing of yeasts and temperature controls during fermentation, the wines from the original descendants of the Ancient Rome, that they are told to have been planted on the slopes of Lierna since the days of Julius Caesar. Thanks to the peculiar climate of Lierna which makes its grapes unique in the world, the wine is then aged in the valuable microclimates of the country's centuries-old cellars typical for humidity conditions. The wine of Lierna receiving recognition of the specialists of ONAV (Italian National Organization of Wine Tasters), is particularly known today the " White of Lierna ", but it is also appreciated the " Rosé of Lierna ".
The cellars of Lierna
Lierna, for its special fertile land suitable for vineyards and special its wineries is also called the "Village of Wine". Lierna is in fact a territory cultivated since ancient vineyards from the lake to the slopes of the "Grigne", and its unique and mild climate make known its precious grapes characteristics, as well as for its olive groves.
The historical chronicles have always extolled since the days of Ancient Rome, Lierna as a " benign land ", telling that his wine and oil of his olive trees had precious beneficial and therapeutic properties, as well as its natural springs of water.
The spring waters of Lierna
In the old Latin texts of the Ancient Rome there are documents that attesting the many therapeutic properties of the particular water spring of Lierna. The ancient waters of Lierna are called water Onedo Valley, called water Valdonedo or Valle di Onedo and have all the characteristics to be classified as a potential mineral springs.
The water Valdonedo is a type of water, natural hydrology spring, and flows only from the fountain of "Piazzetta IV Novembre" and in one 's private property Lierna. The water of Valle di Onedo is narrated in the ancient historical chronicles since the ancient Romans to be curative in particular for gout and calculi.
The probable origin of the name is Lierna Celtic, proving the discovery of a paalstab near Gravina during the excavation of tunnels for the railway construction and engravings of couple boulders in the site of Comballo. But the name could also derive from " Hibernia " (from the Latin hibĕrnum), archaeological evidence demonstrate the Roman presence and especially the use of the area as a camp during the winter by the military legions of ancient Rome for the quality of its climate. Next the camps of the Roman soldiers, was build also the villas of the great Lords and Senators of the Ancient Rome. It is narrated it was in the villa of Lierna the Villa Pliny the Younger ("... one of those two villas"). Other authors says that the name comes from the compound " Li " (the place) and " Erna " (the cliff), because the resort is characterized from overlooking the lake under the rocks of the overlying wooden mountains, that allow an incredible view of the all the lake of Como.
The Queen of Italy Theodolinda, from 589 to 616, used to stay in the tower of the Castle of Lierna.
In 951 AD the Queen and Empress Adelaide of Italy, was secretly held imprisoned in the Castle of Lierna from Berengar II of Italy, who took possession of the Kingdom of Italy on December 15 950 AD, after having killed her husband, the King Lothair II of Italy, to force her to marry his son Adalbert of Italy. The Queen Adelaide was liberated in Castle Lierna by Martino from Bellagio, and then married with Otto I of Saxony, King of Italy and Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire. Gioachino Rossini wrote inspired an Opera for Scala of Milano about these story.
People who have stayed at Lierna
Numerous personalities who have been in Lierna, some even several times. Over the years we have stayed monarchs, aristocrats, businessmen, actors, directors, painters, singers, politicians, poets and sports champions.
- Julius Caesar, in 59 a.C.
- George Clooney, actor
- Pliny the Elder
- Lord Byron
- William Wordsworth
- Percy Bysshe Shelley
- Auguste and Louis Lumière
- Franz Liszt
- Brad Pitt
- Angelina Jolie
- Julia Roberts
- Catherine Zeta-Jones
- Michael Douglas
- Andy Garcia
- Matt Damon
- Alfred Hitchcock
- George Lucas
- Natalie Portman
- Jennifer Aniston
- Vincent Cassel
- Al Pacino
- Daniel Craig
- Alain Delon
- Sydney Pollack
- Luchino Visconti
- Martin Campbell
- Jerry Weintraub
- Uma Thurman
- Marcello Mastroianni
- Alberto Sordi
- Claudia Cardinale
Despite little is known, being Lierna, a place of relaxation and strong privacy and confidentiality. There are many personalities that are linked to Lierna and its history: for various reasons, for centuries Lierna was attended by members of royal families and celebrities: musicians, painters, architects, politicians, sculptors, poets, journalists, military and sporting some are born, others have only lived and / or worked significantly, there are still others who have died anyway but establishing a link with the territory. Among them, for example:
- George Clooney that said "is like Montecarlo"
- Pliny the Younger, alias Gaius Plinius Caecilius Secundus
- Giannino Castiglioni architect
- Piero Castiglioni, star of Lighting design
- Achille Castiglioni, architect
- Emanuele Filiberto di Savoia (1972), Italian Royal family
- Vittorio Emanuele, Prince of Naples, Italian Royal family
- Pier Giacomo Castiglioni, architect
- House of Natoli, noble family
- Bernocchi family, founder of Triennale Milano
- Giorgio de Chirico, artist
- Emilio Bestetti, art Editor
- Carlo Bestetti, Editor
- Emilio Polli, Olympic Champion
- Aldo Natoli (1906 - 1971), businessman and finance man, was mayor of Lierna
- Grande Ufficiale Amedeo Natoli, financeman
- Gregorio Sciltian, painter
- Renato Guttuso, painter
- Ugo Ojetti, writer
- Marcello Piacentini, architect
- Mario Sironi, painter
- Gino Coppedè, architect
Movies shots in Lierna
- Casino Royale, James Bond, 2006
- Ocean's Twelve, 2004 with George Clooney
- Star Wars, Episodio II, 2000, with Harrison Ford, Lierna,Lierna-Varenna, Piana di Rogara Area
- Come due coccodrilli, Golden Globe 1996
- A Month by the Lake, 1995, with Uma Thurman, Bellagio and Lierna-Varenna area
- Bobby Deerfield, 1977, with Al Pacino, Varenna area
- Una vita difficile, 1961, with Dino Risi, Alberto Sordi
- Rocco e i suoi fratelli, 1960, Luchino Visconti
- Malombra, 1942
- The Pleasure Garden (film), 1925, Alfred Hitchcock
- The House of Savoy being very devoted to the church of the Castle of Lierna (where was founded the Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus, the dynastic order of the kings of Italy), visits Lierna often, together with the principles and numerous representatives of the dynastic nobles orders of several European countries. An ancient bronze bell, belonging to the Savoy and bearing his coat of arms, was donated to the church in 2006.
- Giannino Castiglioni opened his first sculpture studio in Lierna in 1927, and it was here that carved and created on commission, the so-called panels of the second door of entry to the left of the Duomo cathedral of Milan, which show " the works of St. Ambrose ". The door of St. Ambrose was installed in December 7, 1950.
- In 1960 the brothers Achille and Pier Giacomo Castiglioni, in their house laboratory studios on the lakeside of Lierna, draw, design and build the first prototype of a famous designer chair that will give the name Lierna. The chair will be produced in series for Cassina and Gavina until 1969 and played in 2014 with the initiative of the Foundation Castiglioni by Meritalia.
Lierna in the art
- The Lierna (chair), designed by Achille Castiglioni and his brother Piergiacomo Castiglioni
- "Il Bellotto a Lierna" by Carlo Zocchi, 1954, Artgate Fondazione Cariplo
- La Deposizione of Lierna, XVI sec.
The districts and the ancient villages of Lierna
Lierna consists of 12 villages called "frazioni" that make up the ancient medieval villages, characterized by narrow streets and everyone with artistic and historical peculiarities. For example:
The "Frazione" of the village called Villa takes its name from the discovery of the remains of an Ancient Roman villa, was " the Villa Commedia " of Pliny the Younger, that was the second Plinian Villa of the lake of Como, today destroyed. Each "frazione" has its church and in Villa is dedicated to St. Bernard. In this area in 1876 it was found a floor of Ancient Rome, as well as several ancient Roman coins, in 1929 numerous other discoveries occurred during the construction of the square designed by Achille Castiglioni. The findings found have confirmed the biblical " legend of Golden Calf ", passed down orally for centuries in the country of Lierna, where it is said that a calf completely covered with gold, coming from the East, had been brought in Lierna and then buried by the ancient Romans who worshiped it as a deity. In the village district of Villa it is the Town Hall built in 1960 and designed by Castiglioni, and the characteristic landing boats called "Imbarcadero" of the 1800s.
Adjacent to the beaches on the peninsula of Lierna, which was once an island itself, stands the old defensive castle, scene of many antique navy battles, the medieval castle give the name to the locality district. The village has remained intact as well as many of the façades of the houses. In the wall of the porch of the castle is possible to see the original foundations of the old door and the holes were inserted the bars that closed access in the event of historical wars. The characteristic church is dedicated to the Saints Maurice and Lazarus, and was born here the Order of the Royal House of Savoy on 22 January 1573, the Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus. On the façade of the Church of the Castle are still visible frescoes of S. Lazerus (San Lazerus) and S. Mauritius (San Maurizius). In the church it is preserved a relic of the original S.Mauritus that is the subject of a ceremony in the boat on the day of the patron, 22 September. The altar of the church of the Castle, has an altarpiece painted in oils in the seventeenth century that is " a Christ with Martha and Mary Magdalene ", while on the altar houses a wooden statue of the seventeenth century depicting always S.Mauritius.
Monuments and places of interest
Riva Bianca and Riva Nera beaches
Lierna has one of the largest and most beautiful beaches of Lake Como, Riva Bianca, a natural amphitheater with a panoramic position, equipped for bathing, adjacent to the " Castle of Lierna" and close to the beach at Riva Nera. The beach has been the subject of territorial marketing campaign for the tourism in the Lake of Como of the Regional government of Italy.
The "Piazzetta" of Lierna
The " Piazzetta " IV Novembre of Lierna and space leading down to the lake to the landing of the boat were designed by the historical designer Giannino Castiglioni. In Piazzetta IV Novembre, Castigloni created also the fountain of the mineral water "Val d' Onedo". In his studio in Via Roma in Lierna, in the early years of the 900, designed the town hall and the local cemetery of Lierna which remain today, in addition to the central church of St. Michael, his sculptures and bas-reliefs for the chapels Micheli, Balbiani, Spada and Costa. Castiglioni died in Lierna in 1971 where his tomb is situated.
- The wine White of Lierna
- Golden calf, Lierna, the locations of biblical legend
- Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus, Order of the dynasty of the kings of Italy
- Lierna (sedia), Design Chair
- Giannino Castiglioni, Lighting Designer
- Abbadia Lariana
- Castello di Vezio
- Orrido di Bellano
- Piani dei Resinelli
- Forte di Fuentes
- Moto Guzzi Museum
- Mandello del Lario
- Gli ulivi di Lierna, Annali universali di agricoltura di industria e d'arti economiche, 1829
- Aurelio Goretti, Lierna un paese tra lago e monti, arti grafiche Panizza, Mandello Lario, 2001
- Franca Panizza, Il Castello di Lierna, Ed. Cattaneo Paolo Grafiche, Oggiono, 2003
- Aurelio Goretti, Testimonianze di guerra, vicende liernesi, Ed. Cattaneo Paolo Grafiche, Oggiono, 2003
- Aurelio Goretti, Lierna, arti grafiche Panizza, Mandello Lario, 1975
- Franca Panizza, 1600-1900 tre secoli di personaggi e vicende liernesi, Ed. Cattaneo Paolo Grafiche, Oggiono, 2006
- Aurelio Goretti, Ricordi di Guerra vicende liernesi, Edoardo Zucchi Ed. Comune di Lierna, Cattaneo Paolo Grafiche, Annone Brianzam 2008
- Carlo Santini e Alberto Turrin, Lierna un paese si racconta, Grafiche Riga, Annone Brianza (Lc), 2008
- Aurelio Goretti e Franca Panizza, Storia di Lierna
- Vincenzo Zucchi, Oppidum Mandelli, Mandello del Lario, varie edizioni.
- Davide Bertolotti, Viaggio ai tre laghi di Como, Lugano e Maggiore
- Giorgio Giulini, Memorie spettanti alla storia, al governo ed alla descrizione della città e campagna di Milano, 1855 - Pagina 345
- Nouveau guide du voyageur en Italie, Paris, 1841, page 154
- Sasha Heseltine, Frommer's Milan and The Lakes Day by Day, 2009 - Pagina 132
- Davide Bertolotti, Viaggio ai tre laghi di Como, Lugano e Maggiore, 1825 - Pagina 237
- Rina Compagnoni ed Elisabetta Lafranconi, Sesto quaderno dell’Archivio Comunale della memoria locale, Stampa Felice Zucchi, 2008
- Antonio Balbiani, Lierna – Mandello del Lario – Abbadia Lariana, Casa Editrice Pietro Cairoli di Como, 1968
- Antonio Balbiani, Da Lierna ad Abbadia, P. Cairoli, 1967
- Antonio Balbiani, Il mosaico romano di Lierna e le tombe recentemente trovate nel Mandellasco, Tip. Editrice Antonio Noseda, 1957
- Lago di Lecco. Lierna. Fotografia originale (1947)
- A. Borghi, M. Casanova e F. Zucchi, Gli statuti di Mandello. Le norme del XIV sec. della Comunità di Mandello con Lierna, Abbadia e Vassena (1900)
- Società storica comense, Raccolta Storica
- Maurizio Monti, Storia antica di Como, 1860 - page 145
- Cesare Cantù, Storia della città e della diocesi di Como esposta, 1829
- Davide Bertolotti, Il Raccoglitore Ossia Archivi di Viaggi e di Filosofia, 1823
- Giovanni Battista Giovio.
- Guido Lodovico Luzzatto, Pasquale Aniel Jannini, Gli affreschi del seminario Clarettiano di Lierna: dipinti da Emilio Delfino; sala del refettorio, Arti Grafiche l'Aretina, 1962 - 28 pages
- Franca Panizza, Lierna 1906-2006 cento anni di asilo infantile, Ed. Grafiche Rusconi, Bellano, 2006
- Lago di Lecco. Lierna, 1947
- Aurelio Goretti e Franca Panizza, "Storia di Lierna"
- "Storia di Como" by Maurizio Monti, page 545
- Annali universali di agricoltura di industria e d'arti economiche, gli ulivi di Lierna, 1829
-  Giovanni Battista Giovio, Viaggio pel Lago di Como di Poliante Lariano, 1817
- Antonio Balbiani, Lierna, Mandello del Lario, Abbadia Lariana, P. Cairoli, 1968, pgg 42
- Antonio Balbiani, Lierna, Mandello del Lario, Abbadia Lariana, P. Cairoli, 1968
- Benedetto Giovio, "Historia Patria ab initio urbis usque ad annum MDXXXII", Venezia, 1629
-  Rivista della Società Archeologica Comense, 1876
-  Ancient Roman mosaic floor dated the first century . C. found on the shores of Lake Lierna in 1876 exhibited at the Museum of Palazzo Belgioioso Lecco
- "is like Montecarlo!"
- LIERNA (LC) | Lago di Como
- Clooney: Forse Compera Megavilla Nel Lecchese | Bari La Repubblica.It
- The 7 June between Lierna, Villa Erba (Cernobbio), Varenna and Villa Oleandra
- Enciclopedia Treccani and Archivio Castiglioni
-  Corriere di Como, Design. "The Milan exhibition is an opportunity to recall the historical pieces of furniture related to our territory. When Lake of Como become a chair"
-  Il Seicento in Casentino: dalla Controriforma al tardo barocco, Pagliai Polistampa, 2001
-  Davide Bertolotti, "Il Raccoglitore ossia archivi di viaggi, di filosofia, d'istoria di poesia...", pgg 2
- Società Storica Comense, "Raccolta Storica", pagina 139, nota 1
- Sigismondo Boldoni, "Lario", pag. 32
- Roberto Rusca, "Il Rusoo", libro IV, pag. 37
-  Ildefonso Schuster, "Liber sacramentorum: note storiche e liturgiche sul messale Romano", Volumi 4-6- 1926, pgg.129 Pietro Marietti Editore, 1926
- Viaggio pel Lago di Como di Poliante Lariano, 1817 - Pagina 72 Enciclopedia Treccani