List of U.S. National Parks by elevation
This is a list of United States National Parks by elevation. Most of America's national parks are located in mountainous areas. Even among those located close to the ocean, not all are flat. Those few that are low-lying preserve important natural habitats that could never exist at high altitude. Several national parks protect deep canyons with great vertical relief. There are also three national parks whose primary features are caves, the depths of which are still being explored.
Highest and lowest points in each US National Park
Criteria: Points on this list are the highest and lowest points within each national park and its associated national preserve, if it has one. It does not include adjacent or associated national recreation areas, parkways, memorials, or forests, but does include private property within park boundaries. Footnotes are given to mention other notable high or low points, when appropriate.
|Rank||Park||Location||Peak Name||Mountain Range||Elevation||Location of Lowest Point||Minimum Elevation||Vertical Relief|
|1||Denali||Denali||Alaska Range||20,310 feet (6,190 m)||Yentna River||240 feet (73 m)||20,070 feet (6,120 m)|
|2||Wrangell-St. Elias||Mount Saint Elias||Saint Elias Mountains||18,008 feet (5,489 m)||Gulf of Alaska||0 feet (0 m)||18,008 feet (5,489 m)|
|3||Glacier Bay||Mount Fairweather||Saint Elias Mountains||15,300 feet (4,700 m)||Gulf of Alaska||0 feet (0 m)||15,300 feet (4,700 m)|
|4||Sequoia||Mount Whitney||Sierra Nevada||14,505 feet (4,421 m)||Kaweah River||1,360 feet (410 m)||13,145 feet (4,007 m)|
|5||Mount Rainier||Mount Rainier||Cascade Range||14,411 feet (4,392 m)||Ohanapecosh River||1,610 feet (490 m)||12,801 feet (3,902 m)|
|6||Rocky Mountain||Longs Peak||Front Range||14,259 feet (4,346 m)||Big Thompson River||7,630 feet (2,330 m)||6,629 feet (2,021 m)|
|7||Kings Canyon||North Palisade||Sierra Nevada||14,242 feet (4,341 m)||Kaweah River (North Fork)|align=center|3,480 feet (1,060 m)||10,762 feet (3,280 m)|
|8||Grand Teton||Grand Teton||Teton Range||13,770 feet (4,200 m)||Fish Creek||6,310 feet (1,920 m)||7,460 feet (2,270 m)|
|9||Hawaii Volcanoes||Mauna Loa||Hawaiian Islands||13,679 feet (4,169 m)||Pacific Ocean||0 feet (0 m)||13,679 feet (4,169 m)|
|10||Great Sand Dunes||Tijeras Peak||Sangre de Cristo Range||13,610 feet (4,150 m)||near San Luis Lakes||7,520 feet (2,290 m)||6,090 feet (1,860 m)|
|11||Yosemite||Mount Lyell||Sierra Nevada||13,114 feet (3,997 m)||Merced River||2,105 feet (642 m)||11,009 feet (3,356 m)|
|12||Great Basin||Wheeler Peak||Snake Range||13,065 feet (3,982 m)||Snake Creek||6,195 feet (1,888 m)||6,870 feet (2,090 m)|
|13||Yellowstone||Eagle Peak||Absaroka Range||11,358 feet (3,462 m)||Reese Creek||5,282 feet (1,610 m)||6,076 feet (1,852 m)|
|14||Death Valley||Telescope Peak||Panamint Range||11,049 feet (3,368 m)||Badwater||−279 feet (−85 m)||11,328 feet (3,453 m)|
|15||Glacier||Mount Cleveland||Lewis Range||10,466 feet (3,190 m)||Flathead River||3,150 feet (960 m)||7,316 feet (2,230 m)|
|16||Lassen Volcanic||Lassen Peak||Cascade Range||10,457 feet (3,187 m)||Hot Springs Creek||5,275 feet (1,608 m)||5,182 feet (1,579 m)|
|17||Lake Clark||Redoubt Volcano||Aleutian Range||10,197 feet (3,108 m)||Cook Inlet||0 feet (0 m)||10,197 feet (3,108 m)|
|18||Haleakala||Haleakala||Hawaiian Islands||10,023 feet (3,055 m)||Pacific Ocean||0 feet (0 m)||10,023 feet (3,055 m)|
|19||North Cascades||Goode Mountain||Cascade Range||9,206 feet (2,806 m)||Goodell Creek||605 feet (184 m)||8,601 feet (2,622 m)|
|20||Grand Canyon||Lookout tower near the North Rim's main entrance||Kaibab Plateau||9,165 feet (2,793 m)||Lake Mead||1,173 feet (358 m)||7,992 feet (2,436 m)|
|21||Bryce Canyon||Rainbow Point ||Paunsaugunt Plateau||9,115 feet (2,778 m)||Yellow Creek||6,565 feet (2,001 m)||2,550 feet (780 m)|
|22||Black Canyon of the Gunnison||Poison Spring Hill||Grand Mesa||9,040 feet (2,760 m)||Gunnison River||5,440 feet (1,660 m)||3,600 feet (1,100 m)|
|23||Capitol Reef||park boundary near Billings Pass||Colorado Plateau||8,960 feet (2,730 m)||Halls Creek||3,877 feet (1,182 m)||5,083 feet (1,549 m)|
|24||Crater Lake||Mount Scott||Cascade Range||8,929 feet (2,722 m)||SW corner of park||3,990 feet (1,220 m)||4,939 feet (1,505 m)|
|25||Guadalupe Mountains||Guadalupe Peak||Guadalupe Mountains||8,749 feet (2,667 m)||SW corner near Williams Road||3,636 feet (1,108 m)||5,113 feet (1,558 m)|
|26||Zion||Horse Ranch Mountain||Colorado Plateau||8,726 feet (2,660 m)||SW corner near Rt.9||3,640 feet (1,110 m)||5,086 feet (1,550 m)|
|27||Saguaro||Mica Mountain||Rincon Mountains||8,666 feet (2,641 m)||Rudasill & Sanders Roads, Tucson Mountain District||2,180 feet (660 m)||6,486 feet (1,977 m)|
|28||Mesa Verde||Park Point Lookout ||Colorado Plateau||8,571 feet (2,612 m)||Soda Canyon||6,015 feet (1,833 m)||2,556 feet (779 m)|
|29||Gates of the Arctic||Mount Igikpak||Brooks Range||8,276 feet (2,523 m)||Kobuk River||280 feet (85 m)||7,996 feet (2,437 m)|
|30||Olympic||Mount Olympus||Olympic Mountains||7,962 feet (2,427 m)||Pacific Ocean||0 feet (0 m)||7,962 feet (2,427 m)|
|31||Big Bend||Emory Peak||Chisos Mountains||7,825 feet (2,385 m)||Rio Grande||1,715 feet (523 m)||6,110 feet (1,860 m)|
|32||Katmai||Mount Denison||Aleutian Range||7,606 feet (2,318 m)||Shelikof Strait||0 feet (0 m)||7,606 feet (2,318 m)|
|33||Canyonlands||Cathedral Point||Colorado Plateau||7,120 feet (2,170 m)||Colorado River||3,730 feet (1,140 m)||3,390 feet (1,030 m)|
|34||Great Smoky Mountains||Clingmans Dome||Great Smoky Mountains||6,643 feet (2,025 m)||Chilhowee Lake||874 feet (266 m)||5,769 feet (1,758 m)|
|35||Carlsbad Caverns||Guadalupe Ridge||Guadalupe Mountains||6,535 feet (1,992 m)||Black River||3,596 feet (1,096 m)||2,939 feet (896 m)|
|36||Kenai Fjords||unnamed nunatak||Harding Icefield||6,450 feet (1,970 m)||Gulf of Alaska||0 feet (0 m)||6,450 feet (1,970 m)|
|37||Petrified Forest||Pilot Rock||Painted Desert||6,234 feet (1,900 m)||BNSF Railway||5,200 feet (1,600 m) Petrified Forest topo; Official park map – As the Puerco River flows westward, it crosses out of federally owned land at 5,305 feet (1,617 m) feet; private land within park boundaries along the river to the west is at lower elevation.</ref>||1,034 feet (315 m)|
|38||Joshua Tree||Quail Mountain||Little San Bernardino Mountains||5,813 feet (1,772 m)||Colorado River Aqueduct||1,780 feet (540 m)||4,033 feet (1,229 m)|
|39||Arches||Elephant Butte ||Colorado Plateau||5,653 feet (1,723 m)||Colorado River||3,960 feet (1,210 m)||1,693 feet (516 m)|
|40||Wind Cave||Rankin Ridge||Black Hills||5,013 feet (1,528 m)||Windy City Lake||3,559 feet (1,085 m)||1,454 feet (443 m)|
|41||Kobuk Valley||Mount Angayukaqsraq||Baird Mountains||4,760 feet (1,450 m)||Kobuk River||40 feet (12 m)||4,720 feet (1,440 m)|
|42||Shenandoah||Hawksbill Mountain||Blue Ridge Mountains||4,051 feet (1,235 m)||unnamed stream at north end||530 feet (160 m)||3,521 feet (1,073 m)|
|43||Badlands||Red Shirt Table||The Badlands||3,340 feet (1,020 m)||runoff channel SE of Ben Reifel Visitor Center||2,365 feet (721 m)||975 feet (297 m)|
|44||Redwood||Coyote Peak||Bald Hills||3,170 feet (970 m)||Pacific Ocean||0 feet (0 m)||3,170 feet (970 m)|
|45||Teddy Roosevelt||Peck Hill||The Badlands||2,860 feet (870 m)||Little Missouri River||1,940 feet (590 m)||920 feet (280 m)|
|46||Channel Islands||El Montañon, Santa Cruz Island||Channel Islands||1,812 feet (552 m)||Pacific Ocean||0 feet (0 m)||1,812 feet (552 m)|
|47||Acadia||Cadillac Mountain||1,530 feet (470 m)||Atlantic Ocean||0 feet (0 m)||1,530 feet (470 m)|
|48||Voyageurs||Tower near Mead Wood Road entrance||1,410 feet (430 m)||Rainy Lake||1,108 feet (338 m)||302 feet (92 m)|
|49||Hot Springs||Music Mountain||Ouachita Mountains||1,405 feet (428 m)||Bull Bayou||415 feet (126 m)||990 feet (300 m)|
|50||Isle Royale||Mount Desor||Superior Upland||1,394 feet (425 m)||Lake Superior||600 feet (180 m)||794 feet (242 m)|
|51||Cuyahoga||Black & Brush Roads||Glaciated Allegheny Plateau||1,164 feet (355 m)||Cuyahoga River||590 feet (180 m)||574 feet (175 m)|
|52||Mammoth Cave||Mammoth Cave Ridge near Park Ridge Road||Pennyroyal Plateau||925 feet (282 m)||Green River||421 feet (128 m)||504 feet (154 m)|
|53||Congaree||Old Bluff Road near main entrance||140 feet (43 m)||Congaree River||80 feet (24 m)||60 feet (18 m)|
|54||Everglades||Calusa shell mound||20 feet (6.1 m)||Atlantic Ocean||0 feet (0 m)||20 feet (6.1 m)|
|55||Dry Tortugas||Loggerhead Key||Florida Keys||10 feet (3.0 m)||Gulf of Mexico||0 feet (0 m)||10 feet (3.0 m)|
|56||Biscayne||Totten Key, Old Rhodes Key||Florida Keys||9 feet (2.7 m)||Atlantic Ocean||0 feet (0 m)||9 feet (2.7 m)|
Additional National parks:
45—American Samoa: Lata Mountain is the highest point of American Samoa, on the island of Ta'u at 3,159 feet (963 m)
51—U.S. Virgin Islands. Highest Point in the park is Bourdeaux Mountain 1,277 feet (389 m). Outside of the park, the highest peak is Crown Mountain at 1,555 feet (474 m)
- The AT thru the Smokeys – The Appalachian Trail crosses through Great Smokey Mountains and Shenandoah National Parks. It reaches its highest point at Clingmans Dome.
- Skyline Drive map and profile – Skyline Drive runs the length of Shenandoah.
- PCT Elevation Profiles – The Pacific Crest Trail goes through seven national parks.
- North Cascades – Washington section K
- Mount Rainier – Washington section I
- Crater Lake – Oregon section C
- Lassen Volcanic – California section N
- Yosemite – California sections H & I
- Kings Canyon – California section H
- Sequoia – California sections G & H
- Wonderland Trail – An elevation profile of the Wonderland Trail around Mount Rainier.
- Denali topo – The Yentna River is in the preserve portion of Denali; the Bearpaw River is the lowest point in the designated park, at 493 feet (150 m).
- Sequoia topo
- Teton topo
- Great Sand Dunes FAQ's; #11 – Tijeras Peak is in the preserve portion of Great Sand Dunes National Park and Preserve. The highest point in the park excluding the preserve is on the north border line between park and preserve, southwest of Mount Herard, at an altitude of 10,520 feet (3,210 m) feet.
- "USGS National Elevation Dataset (NED) 1 meter Downloadable Data Collection from The National Map 3D Elevation Program (3DEP) – National Geospatial Data Asset (NGDA) National Elevation Data Set (NED)". United States Geological Survey. September 21, 2015. Retrieved September 22, 2015.
- N. Cascades topo – Goodell Creek is at the lowest elevation in N. Cascades Nat'l Park; the adjoining and jointly managed Ross Lake National Recreation Area descends to 350 feet (110 m) at the Skagit River.
- Grand Canyon topo – The highest lookout on the rim itself is Point Imperial whose elevation as given by the NPS is 8,803 feet (2,683 m).
- Lake Mead Water Level, 1935–present; 1,173 feet (358 m) is the mean. The min and max are 1,125 feet (343 m) and 1,229 feet (375 m), respectively.
- Bryce Canyon; Nature
- Bryce topo
- Black Canyon; Located on private property within the park boundaries.
- Crater Lake topo
- This is even lower than the bottom of the crater, which, at 1,943 feet (592 m) deep and with a surface elevation of 6,178 feet (1,883 m), would be at approximately 4,235 feet (1,291 m).
- Mesa Verde For Teachers; #6
- Mesa Verde Answer Sheet; #6 – The park map is mislabeled; therefore the answer given is incorrect.
- Mesa Verde topo
- Arctic – As the Kobuk River flows from park to preserve, its elevation is 675 feet (206 m); as it flows out of the preserve its elevation is 280 feet (85 m).
- Katmai (Mt. Denison) – Other sources list Mount Griggs as highest.
- Canyonlands topo
- Carlsbad Caverns – Cave Tours ; The deepest cave chamber is 1,027 feet (313 m) feet below the surface.
- Carlsbad Caverns; Hiking.
- Petrified Forest
- Joshua topo – The aqueduct is most likely located on its own right-of-way, therefore, park land may not necessarily extend to the water's edge.
- "Wind Cave Exploration". National Park Service. Retrieved August 18, 2016.
- Kobuk Valley FAQ's; #3
- Channel Islands – There is a higher peak on Santa Cruz, Devil's Peak, but it is on land owned by the Nature Conservancy and is not part of the national park.
- Cuyahoga – Land ownership in Cuyahoga Nat'l Park is often difficult to ascertain, and therefore there is some ambiguity regarding this park's true highpoint.
- NPS search
- National Park Service
- www.climb.mountains.com These two external lists may not necessarily agree 100% with Wikipedia's list, but serve as useful comparisons. The primary difference is that these lists do not include associated national preserves.
- Postholer Maps; contains clear, zoomable topographic maps of the entire USA.