List of ecclesiastical works by Austin and Paley (1895–1916)

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For lists of works by the practice during other periods, and the non-ecclesiastical works by Austin and Paley, see Lists of works by Sharpe, Paley and Austin

Austin and Paley was the title of a practice of architects in Lancaster, Lancashire, England, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The practice had been founded in 1836 by Edmund Sharpe. The architects during the period covered by this list are Hubert Austin and Henry Paley. Henry Paley had joined the practice as a partner in 1886 when his father, E. G. Paley, was Austin's partner ; the practice then became known as Paley, Austin and Paley. E. G. Paley died in 1895 and the practice continued under the title of Austin and Paley. Austin's son joined the practice as a partner in 1914.[1]

This list covers the ecclesiastical works executed by the practice during the partnership of Hubert Austin and Henry Paley between 1895 and 1914. These works include new churches, restorations and alterations of older churches, additions to churches, and church fittings and furniture. The practice designed about 28 new churches and restored or modified many more. Because of the location of the practice, most of their ecclesiastical work was in the areas that are now Cumbria, Lancashire, and Greater Manchester, but examples can also be found in Cheshire, Merseyside, North Yorkshire, Staffordshire, County Durham, Nottinghamshire, and Hertfordshire.[2]

Key[edit]

Grade Criteria[3]
Grade I Buildings of exceptional interest, sometimes considered to be internationally important.
Grade II* Particularly important buildings of more than special interest.
Grade II Buildings of national importance and special interest.
"—" denotes a work that is not graded.

Works[edit]

Name Location Photograph Date Notes Grade
St Lawrence's Church Over Peover, Cheshire
53°15′30″N 2°20′35″W / 53.2582°N 2.3431°W / 53.2582; -2.3431 (St Lawrence's Church, Over Peover)
Over Peover 6.jpg 1895 Church refurbished.[4] I
St Mary's Church Staveley-in-Cartmel, Cumbria
54°15′55″N 2°57′15″W / 54.2653°N 2.9543°W / 54.2653; -2.9543 (St Mary, Staveley)
St Mary's Church, Staveley.jpg 1895–97 Restoration including removal of pews, reroofing and reseating the church, and replacing the stone arcade with one in timber.[5][6][7] II
St George's Church Altrincham,
Greater Manchester
53°23′24″N 2°21′04″W / 53.3900°N 2.3511°W / 53.3900; -2.3511 (St George's Church, Altrincham)
Stgeorgeschurch.jpg 1896–97 Work on the nave and aisles.[8][9][10][11] II
Holy Trinity Church Casterton, Cumbria
54°12′41″N 2°34′38″W / 54.2115°N 2.5771°W / 54.2115; -2.5771 (Holy Trinity Church, Casterton)
Holy Trinity Church, Casterton.jpg 1897 New reredos.[12][13] II
St Mary's Church Mellor, Lancashire
53°46′22″N 2°31′51″W / 53.7729°N 2.5307°W / 53.7729; -2.5307 (St Mary's Church, Mellor)
St Mary's Church, Mellor.jpg
1897 Renovation, including work on monuments and a new font.[14][15][16][17] II
Holy Trinity Church Morecambe, Lancashire
54°04′29″N 2°51′27″W / 54.0746°N 2.8575°W / 54.0746; -2.8575 (Holy Trinity Church, Morecambe)
1897 Chancel replaced, organ chamber and vestries added.[5][18][19] II
Sedbergh School Chapel Sedbergh, Cumbria
54°19′18″N 2°31′51″W / 54.3216°N 2.5307°W / 54.3216; -2.5307 (Sedbergh School Chapel)
Relig chapel-1-.jpg 1897 New chapel for the school.[20][21][22] II*
St Mary's Church Acton, Cheshire
53°04′25″N 2°33′04″W / 53.0737°N 2.5512°W / 53.0737; -2.5512 (St Mary's Church, Acton)
St Marys Church Acton Cheshire.jpg 1897–98 Restoration, including reflooring and reroofing the church, removing the plaster ceilings, rebuilding the north wall of the north aisle and the clerestory, installing heating apparatus, and adding a new pulpit, porches, and doors.[8][15][23][24] I
St Mark's Church Dolphinholme, Lancashire
53°58′26″N 2°44′16″W / 53.9739°N 2.7377°W / 53.9739; -2.7377 (St Mark's Church, Dolphinholme)
St Mark's Church, Dolphinholme.jpg 1897–98 New church with a tower at the crossing.[12][25][26][27] II
St Ambrose's Church Grindleton, Clitheroe, Lancashire
53°54′23″N 2°21′48″W / 53.9063°N 2.3632°W / 53.9063; -2.3632 (St Ambrose's Church, Grindleton)
St Ambrose's Church, Grindleton.jpg 1897–98 Rebuilt the church, other than the tower and the south side.[5][28][29] II
St Chad's Church Over, Cheshire St Chad's Church, Over 2.jpg 1897–98 Added vestries and an organ chamber in 1897–98; in about 1906 installed heating and increased the seating.[30][31] II*
St John the Baptist's Church Flookburgh, Cumbria
54°10′34″N 2°58′25″W / 54.1760°N 2.9737°W / 54.1760; -2.9737 (St John's Church, Flookburgh)
St John's Church, Flookburgh.jpg 1897–1900 New church in Romanesque style.[32][33][34][35] II*
St Andrew's Church Burnley, Lancashire
53°48′08″N 2°14′07″W / 53.8021°N 2.2352°W / 53.8021; -2.2352 (St Andrew's Church, Burnley)
The Parish Church of St Andrew with St Margaret and Sr James, Burnley - geograph.org.uk - 680185.jpg 1898 Restoration of a church by J. Medland Taylor built in 1866–67.[5][36] II
St Paul's Church Bury, Greater Manchester
53°35′46″N 2°16′58″W / 53.5960°N 2.2829°W / 53.5960; -2.2829 (St Paul's Church, Bury)
The Parish Church of St Paul, Bury - geograph.org.uk - 528526.jpg 1898 Alterations to the interior. It has since been made redundant and has been converted for residential use.[5][37][38] II
St George's Mission Church Lancaster, Lancashire
1898 New church.[20]
St John the Baptist's Church Bretherton, Chorley, Lancashire
53°40′40″N 2°47′42″W / 53.6777°N 2.7951°W / 53.6777; -2.7951 (St John's Church, Bretherton)
St John's Church, Bretherton.jpg 1898 The church was restored in 1898 and in 1908–09 a chancel and vestry were added.[12][39][40] II
St Anne's Church Hindsford, Atherton, Greater Manchester
53°31′08″N 2°28′52″W / 53.5188°N 2.4812°W / 53.5188; -2.4812 (St Anne's Church, Atherton)
St Anne's Church, Atherton.jpg 1898–1901 New church in Decorated style. Converted into flats in 2003–04.[8][41][42] II
St Helen's Church Waddington, Lancashire
53°53′24″N 2°24′52″W / 53.8899°N 2.4144°W / 53.8899; -2.4144 (St Helen's Church, Waddington)
The Parish Church of St Helen, Waddington - geograph.org.uk - 454974.jpg 1898–1901 Church rebuilt other than the tower.[43][44] II*
St Barnabas' Church Morecambe, Lancashire
54°03′53″N 2°52′41″W / 54.0646°N 2.8781°W / 54.0646; -2.8781 (St Barnabas' Church, Morecambe)
1898–1901 New church in Perpendicular style.[43][14][45]
St John the Baptist's Church Arkholme, Lancashire
54°08′26″N 2°37′50″W / 54.1406°N 2.6305°W / 54.1406; -2.6305 (St John the Baptist's Church, Arkholme)
St John's Church, Arkholme.jpg 1899 Restoration.[8][43][46][47] II*
St Oswald's Church Preesall, Lancashire
53°55′38″N 2°58′38″W / 53.9271°N 2.9771°W / 53.9271; -2.9771 (St Oswald's Church, Knott End-on-Sea)
St Oswald's Church, Knott End.jpg 1899 New church.[28][48][49][50] II
St Thomas' Church St Annes, Lancashire
53°44′51″N 3°01′28″W / 53.7474°N 3.0245°W / 53.7474; -3.0245 (St Thomas' Church, St Annes)
St Thomas' Church, St Annes.jpg 1899–1900 New church, completed in 1904–05.[51][52][53][54] II
St Anne's Church Woodplumpton, Lancashire
53°48′14″N 2°45′42″W / 53.8039°N 2.7617°W / 53.8039; -2.7617 (St Anne's Church, Woodplumpton)
St Anne's Church, Woodplumpton.jpg 1899–1900 Additions and restoration.[51][55][56] II*
St John's Church Morecambe, Lancashire
54°03′29″N 2°53′15″W / 54.0580°N 2.8876°W / 54.0580; -2.8876 (St John' Church, Morecambe)
1899–1901 New church.[14][57][58] II
St Alban's Church Broadheath,
Greater Manchester
53°24′09″N 2°21′07″W / 53.4024°N 2.3520°W / 53.4024; -2.3520 (St Alban's Church, Broadheath)
1900 New church.[8][9][43][59] II
St Mary Magdalene's Church Broughton-in-Furness, Cumbria
54°16′34″N 3°12′57″W / 54.2760°N 3.2157°W / 54.2760; -3.2157 (St Mary Magdalene's Church, Broughton-in-Furness)
St Mary Magdalene's Church, Broughton-in-Furness.jpg 1900 Addition of a southwest tower.[12][60][61] II
St Luke's Church Slyne-with-Hest, Lancashire
54°05′16″N 2°48′20″W / 54.0877°N 2.8055°W / 54.0877; -2.8055 (St Luke's Church, Slyne with Hest)
St Luke's Church, Slyne.jpg 1900 New church.[62][63][64] II
All Saints' Church Balterley, Staffordshire
53°03′01″N 2°21′28″W / 53.0502°N 2.3577°W / 53.0502; -2.3577 (All Saints' Church, Balterley)
All Saints' Church, Balterley.jpg 1901 New church.[12][65][66] II
St Mary Magdalen's Church Ribbleton, Preston, Lancashire
53°46′35″N 2°39′37″W / 53.7765°N 2.6603°W / 53.7765; -2.6603 (St Mary's Church, Ribbleton)
St Mary's Church, Ribbleton.jpg c. 1901 Additions.[62][67]
St Margaret's Church High Bentham,
North Yorkshire
54°06′53″N 2°30′30″W / 54.1146°N 2.5082°W / 54.1146; -2.5082 (St Margaret's Church, High Bentham)
St Margaret's Church, High Bentham.jpg 1901–02 Additions.[28][68][69] II
St Michael's Church Middleton,
Greater Manchester
53°32′52″N 2°11′26″W / 53.5477°N 2.1906°W / 53.5477; -2.1906 (St Michael and All Angels Church, Middleton)
St Michael's Church, Middleton.jpg 1901–02 New church, completed in 1911, with the tower added in 1926–31.[14][70][71][72] II
St Mary's Church Whicham, Millom, Cumbria
54°13′57″N 3°19′43″W / 54.2326°N 3.3287°W / 54.2326; -3.3287 (St Mary's Church, Whicham)
St Mary's Church, Whicham - geograph.org.uk - 541823.jpg 1901–02 Restoration.[51][73][74] II
St Paul's Church Constable Lee, Rawtenstall, Lancashire
53°42′37″N 2°17′19″W / 53.7102°N 2.2886°W / 53.7102; -2.2886 (St Paul's Church, Rawtenstall)
1901–03 New church.[12][73][75][76] II
St Andrew's Church Kildwick, North Yorkshire
53°54′33″N 1°59′02″W / 53.9091°N 1.9840°W / 53.9091; -1.9840 (St Andrew's Church, Kildwick)
St Andrew's Church, Kildwick.jpeg 1901–03 Chancel and nave restored.[28][73][77] I
St Helen's Church Overton, Lancashire
54°00′41″N 2°51′16″W / 54.0113°N 2.8545°W / 54.0113; -2.8545 (St Helen's Church, Overton)
St Helen's Church, Overton.jpg 1902 Restoration.[78][79][80] II*
Lancaster Priory Lancaster, Lancashire
54°03′03″N 2°48′21″W / 54.0507°N 2.8057°W / 54.0507; -2.8057 (Lancaster Priory)
Lancaster Priory.jpg 1902–12 In 1902 the southwest porch and the Hatch Memorial were added, followed in 1903–04 by a chapel on the north side. A restoration, including the nave roof and the chancel floor, was carried out in 1911–12.[14][81][82] I
St Mary's Church Ulverston, Cumbria
54°11′56″N 3°05′29″W / 54.1989°N 3.0915°W / 54.1989; -3.0915 (Church of St Mary, Ulverston)
St Mary's Church, Ulverston.jpg
1903–04 Extended the chancel, added fittings, and built a south porch.[83][84][85] II*
St John the Evangelist's Church Worsthorne, Lancashire
53°47′16″N 2°11′21″W / 53.7878°N 2.1892°W / 53.7878; -2.1892 (St John the Evangelist's Church, Worsthorne)
ChurchOfStJohnTheEvangelistWorsthorne(AlexanderPKapp)Oct2005.jpg
1903–04 Added a new west tower, removed old vestries, and extended the seating.[51][83][86][87] II
St Paul's Church Skelmersdale, Lancashire
53°33′00″N 2°47′33″W / 53.5500°N 2.7924°W / 53.5500; -2.7924 (St Paul's Church, Skelmersdale)
St Paul's Church, Skelmersdale (1).JPG 1903–06 New church in Perpendicular style.[12][83][88][89] II
St Chad's Church Claughton, Lancashire
54°05′35″N 2°39′51″W / 54.0931°N 2.6641°W / 54.0931; -2.6641 (St Chad's Church, Claughton)
St Chad's Church, Claughton.jpg 1904 Restoration. The church has been redundant since 2005.[12][83][90][91] II
St Cuthbert's Church Redmarshall,
County Durham
54°35′04″N 1°24′14″W / 54.5844°N 1.4040°W / 54.5844; -1.4040 (St Cuthbert's Church, Redmarshall)
St Cuthbert's Church, Redmarshall.jpg 1904 Restoration.[62][92] I
All Saints' Church Hertford, Hertfordshire
51°47′42″N 0°04′33″W / 51.7950°N 0.0757°W / 51.7950; -0.0757 (All Saints' Church, Hertford)
All Saints Church, Hertford.jpg 1904–05 The west end of the church was completed and the tower was added.[28][83][93][94] II*
All Saints' Church Barnacre, Lancashire
53°54′28″N 2°44′35″W / 53.9079°N 2.7431°W / 53.9079; -2.7431 (All Saints' Church, Barnacre)
All Saints' Church, Barnacre.jpg 1905 New church.[12][95][96][97] II
Holy Trinity Church Brathay, Cumbria
54°25′16″N 2°59′04″W / 54.4211°N 2.9844°W / 54.4211; -2.9844 (Holy Trinity Church, Brathay)
Holy Trinity Church, Brathay.jpg
1905 Additions made to the church.[12][83][98] II
St John the Baptist's Church Broughton, Lancashire
53°48′13″N 2°43′00″W / 53.8035°N 2.7167°W / 53.8035; -2.7167 (St John the Baptist's Church, Broughton)
St John's Church, Broughton.jpg 1905–06 Chancel, vestries and an organ chamber added.[12][99][100][101] II*
St Michael and All Angels' Church Ashton-on-Ribble, Preston, Lancashire
53°45′54″N 2°43′54″W / 53.7651°N 2.7317°W / 53.7651; -2.7317 (St Michael and All Angels' Church, Ashton-on-Ribble)
1905–08 New church in Perpendicular style. It was completed in 1915.[8][102][103][104] II*
St Leonard's Church Balderstone, Lancashire
53°47′08″N 2°33′37″W / 53.7855°N 2.5604°W / 53.7855; -2.5604 (St Leonard's Church, Balderstone)
Balderstone Church.jpg
1906–07 Added a tower and a spire.[99][105][106] II
St John's Church Ellel, Lancashire
53°59′46″N 2°47′08″W / 53.9961°N 2.7855°W / 53.9961; -2.7855 (St John's Church, Ellel)
St John's Church, Ellel.jpg 1906–07 New church.[12][95][107][108] II
St John the Baptist's Church Tunstall, Lancashire
54°09′35″N 2°35′32″W / 54.1597°N 2.5923°W / 54.1597; -2.5923 (St John the Baptist's Church, Tunstall)
St John's Church, Tunstall.jpg 1907 Restoration.[51][99][109][110] I
St Mary the Virgin's Church Walney Island, Cumbria
54°06′24″N 3°14′51″W / 54.1067°N 3.2474°W / 54.1067; -3.2474 (St Mary the Virgin's Church, Walney Island)
St Mary's Church, Vickerstown.jpg 1907–08 New church to replace a church of 1853 by Sharpe and Paley.[111][112][113][114] II
St Mary's Church Widnes, Cheshire
53°20′56″N 2°43′58″W / 53.3488°N 2.7329°W / 53.3488; -2.7329 (St Mary's Church, Widnes)
Widnes St Mary's.jpg
1908–10 New church in Perpendicular style.[51][115][116][117] II*
St Cuthbert's Church Over Kellet, Lancashire
54°07′10″N 2°43′55″W / 54.1195°N 2.7319°W / 54.1195; -2.7319 (St Cuthbert's Church, Over Kellet)
St Cuthbert's Church, Over Kellet.jpg 1909 Restoration.[62][118][119][120] II*
Holy Trinity Church Skipton,
North Yorkshire
53°57′48″N 2°00′58″W / 53.9633°N 2.0161°W / 53.9633; -2.0161 (Holy Trinity Church, Skipton)
Main church of Skipton 01.JPG 1909 Restoration, including removal of galleries, addition of new vestries, seating, and a bell ringers' loft.[62][118][121] I
St John's Church Birkdale, Southport, Merseyside
53°37′22″N 3°00′50″W / 53.6228°N 3.0138°W / 53.6228; -3.0138 (St John's Church, Birkdale)
St John's Church, Birkdale.jpg 1909–10 Addition of a north aisle and arcade, and vestries.[118][122][123] II
St Matthew's Church Highfield, Wigan,
Greater Manchester
53°31′45″N 2°40′21″W / 53.5292°N 2.6725°W / 53.5292; -2.6725 (St Matthew's Church, Highfield, Wigan)
1909–10 Extension of the nave and south aisle to the west.[124][125][126][127] II*
St Mary's Church Leigh,
Greater Manchester
53°29′54″N 2°31′11″W / 53.4983°N 2.5198°W / 53.4983; -2.5198 (St Mary's Church, Leigh)
St Mary's Church, Leigh.jpeg 1909–10 Addition of a new vestry and refacing the tower.[14][118][128][129] II*
St Mark's Church Natland, Cumbria
54°17′46″N 2°44′15″W / 54.2961°N 2.7374°W / 54.2961; -2.7374 (St Mark's Church, Natland)
St Mark's Church, Natland.jpg 1909–10 New church in Perpendicular style.[14][130][131][132] II*
St Wilfrid's Church Newton Heath,
Greater Manchester
53°30′21″N 2°10′16″W / 53.5059°N 2.1712°W / 53.5059; -2.1712 (St Wilfrid's Church, Newton Heath)
St Wilfrid's Church, Newton Heath.jpg 1909–10 New church; now redundant.[14][118][133][134] II
St Andrew's Church Starbeck, Harrogate,
North Yorkshire
54°00′02″N 1°29′47″W / 54.0006°N 1.4964°W / 54.0006; -1.4964 (St Andrew's Church, Starbeck)
St Andrew's Church 2.jpg 1909–10 New church.[51][118][135] II
St Michael's Church Cockerham, Lancashire
53°57′36″N 2°49′14″W / 53.9601°N 2.8206°W / 53.9601; -2.8206 (St Michael's Church, Cockerham)
Cockerham church.jpg 1910 Replaced the body of the church in Perpendicular style, retaining the original Perpendicular tower.[12][136][137][138] II*
St George's Church Kendal, Cumbria
54°19′47″N 2°44′24″W / 54.3298°N 2.7401°W / 54.3298; -2.7401 (St George's Church, Kendal)
St George's Church, Kendal.jpg 1910–14 New chancel, organ loft and vestries added.[28][139][140]
St John's Church Great Harwood, Lancashire
53°46′58″N 2°24′24″W / 53.7827°N 2.4066°W / 53.7827; -2.4066 (St John's Church, Great Harwood)
St John's Church, Great Harwood.jpg 1911–12 New church. Demolished 2010.[28][141][142]
St Margaret's Church Thornbury, Bradford,
West Yorkshire
53°51′40″N 1°41′28″W / 53.8611°N 1.6910°W / 53.8611; -1.6910 (St Margaret's Church, Thornbury)
1911–12 New church costing £8,264. In the 1980s cracks appeared in the chancel arch, and the building was declared unsafe. It was demolished in 1991, and has been replaced by the Thornbury Centre, which houses the new Church of St Margaret.[51][141][143][144]
St Anne's Church Worksop, Nottinghamshire
53°18′10″N 1°07′58″W / 53.3028°N 1.1329°W / 53.3028; -1.1329 (St Anne's Church, Worksop)
St Anne's Church, Worksop.jpg
1911–12 New church in Perpendicular style.[51][141][145] II
St Margaret's Church Halliwell, Bolton,
Greater Manchester
53°35′04″N 2°27′25″W / 53.5844°N 2.4569°W / 53.5844; -2.4569 (St Margaret's Church, Halliwell)
1911–13 New church.[12][141][146]
St Thomas' Church Lydiate, Merseyside
53°32′39″N 2°57′45″W / 53.5443°N 2.9624°W / 53.5443; -2.9624 (St Thomas's Church, Lydiate)
St Thomas's Church, Lydiate - geograph.org.uk - 1102943.jpg 1912 Added a chancel, chapel, and vestry to a church built in 1839–41.[141][147] II
St Thomas' Church Milnthorpe, Cumbria
54°13′36″N 2°46′13″W / 54.2268°N 2.7702°W / 54.2268; -2.7702 (St Thomas's Church, Milnthorpe)
Milnthorpe church.jpg
1912 Alterations at the west end of the church, originally built in 1835–37.[141][148]
St James' Church Arnside, Cumbria
54°12′06″N 2°49′54″W / 54.2018°N 2.8317°W / 54.2018; -2.8317 (St James' Church, Arnside)
St James' Church, Arnside.jpg 1912–14 Addition of a south aisle.[8][141]
St Peter's Church Leck, Lancashire
54°11′02″N 2°32′54″W / 54.1838°N 2.5484°W / 54.1838; -2.5484 (St Peter's Church, Leck)
St Peter's Church, Leck.jpeg
1913
(or 1915)
Church rebuilt after a fire.[14][149][150] II
St Saviour's Church Aughton, Lancashire
54°06′09″N 2°41′21″W / 54.1025°N 2.6892°W / 54.1025; -2.6892 (St Saviour's Church, Aughton)
St Saviour's Church, Aughton-1.jpg 1913–14 Added a parclose screen.[141][151]
St Silas' Church Blackburn, Lancashire
53°45′06″N 2°30′27″W / 53.7516°N 2.5074°W / 53.7516; -2.5074 (St Silas' Church, Blackburn)
St Silas' Church, Blackburn.jpg
1913–14 The previously planned tower was added, plus a porch, at a cosy of over £6,000, but the intended steeple was never built.[141][152][153] II*
St Wilfrid's Church Standish,
Greater Manchester
53°35′14″N 2°39′41″W / 53.5872°N 2.6614°W / 53.5872; -2.6614 (St Wilfrid's Church, Standish)
St Wilfred's Church, Standish.jpg
1913–14 Additions, including east vestries.[154][155][156] I
Christ Church Thornton, Lancashire
53°52′39″N 3°01′18″W / 53.8774°N 3.0218°W / 53.8774; -3.0218 (Christ Church, Thornton)
1913–14 Chancel added.[157][158][159]
St James' Church Waterloo, Pudsey,
West Yorkshire
1914 New church, replacing a smaller mission church. It was itself replaced by a new church, St James The Great, Woodhall, on a site nearby in 1959.[62][160]
St George's Church Hertford, Hertfordshire
1914 Reredos.[161]
St John the Baptist's Church Blawith, Cumbria
54°17′09″N 3°05′38″W / 54.2857°N 3.0940°W / 54.2857; -3.0940 (St John the Baptist's Church, Blawith)
The Church of St John the Baptist, Blawith - geograph.org.uk - 1800704.jpg 1914 Restoration. It is now redundant and under the care of the Churches Conservation Trust.[162][158][163][164]
St Mark's Church Basford, Staffordshire
53°01′03″N 2°12′35″W / 53.0176°N 2.2098°W / 53.0176; -2.2098 (St Mark's Church, Basford)
1914–15 New church.[157][158][165]

References[edit]

Citations

  1. ^ Price 1998, pp. 4–5.
  2. ^ Price 1998, pp. 92–97.
  3. ^ Listed Buildings, Historic England, retrieved 28 March 2015 
  4. ^ Brandwood et al. 2012, p. 241.
  5. ^ a b c d e Brandwood et al. 2012, p. 242.
  6. ^ Hyde & Pevsner 2010, p. 630.
  7. ^ Historic England, "Church of St Mary, Staveley-in-Cartmel (1225679)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 25 July 2012 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g Price 1998, p. 92.
  9. ^ a b Hartwell et al. 2011, p. 98.
  10. ^ Brandwood et al. 2012, pp. 241–242.
  11. ^ Historic England, "Church of St George, Altrincham (1067949)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 9 December 2011 
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Price 1998, p. 93.
  13. ^ Historic England, "Church of Holy Trinity, Casterton (1335935)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 9 December 2011 
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i Price 1998, p. 95.
  15. ^ a b Brandwood et al. 2012, pp. 137, 242.
  16. ^ Hartwell & Pevsner 2009, p. 453.
  17. ^ Historic England, "Church of St Mary, Mellor (1072074)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 9 December 2011 
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