Sedbergh (// SED-bər or locally // SEB-ər) is a small town and civil parish in Cumbria, England. Historically part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, it lies about 10 miles (16 km) east of Kendal, 28 miles (45 km) north of Lancaster and about 10 miles (16 km) north of Kirkby Lonsdale. The town sits just within the Yorkshire Dales National Park. Sedbergh is at the foot of the Howgill Fells on the north bank of the River Rawthey which joins the River Lune about 2 miles (3 km) below the town.
Sedbergh has a narrow main street lined with shops. From all angles, the hills rising behind the houses can be seen. Until the coming of the Ingleton Branch Line in 1861, these remote places were reachable only by walking over some fairly steep hills. The line to Sedbergh railway station ran from 1861 to 1954.
The civil parish covers a large area, including the hamlets of Millthrop, Catholes, Marthwaite, Brigflatts, High Oaks, Howgill, Lowgill and Cautley, the southern part of the Howgill Fells and the western part of Baugh Fell.
George Fox, a founder of the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers), spoke in the churchyard of St. Andrew's Church (which he called a "steeple house") and on nearby Firbank Fell during his travels in the North of England in 1652. Briggflatts Meeting House was built in 1675. It is the namesake of Basil Bunting's long poem Briggflatts (1966). Sedbergh School is a co-educational boarding school in the town, while Settlebeck School is its main state-funded secondary school.
Sedbergh's parish church, dedicated to St Andrew, dates from the 12th century, although restored periodically since then. There is at least one house in the village dating from the 14th century, and there are remains of a motte and bailey castle believed to date from Saxon times.
Sedbergh's main industries for many years were farming and the production of woollen garments. Wool was taken to mills where it was turned into yarn, from which people in their homes knitted clothing, including hats and socks. The garments were sold, for instance, to the coal miners of the North-East England. This trade of long ago is remembered at Farfield Mill, just outside the town, which has an exhibition of weaving equipment and workshops for a number of artists and crafts workers.
For Local Government purposes, it is in the Kirkby Lonsdale Ward of South Lakeland District Council, this covers both towns and surrounding areas with a total population taken at the 2011 Census of 6,369. It also belongs to the Sedbergh + Kirkby Lonsdale Division of Cumbria County Council.
Economy and amenities
Income now comes from a range of sources: the schools are major employers in the town. Sedbergh is also England's official book town (see Hay-on-Wye in Wales and Wigtown in Scotland). Although this is smaller than its U.K. counterparts, it has several independent bookshops and dealers. It is possible that the turnover of small to medium manufacturing and wholesale companies matches or exceeds that of the schools – a growing feature of the economy. Other major sources of income are farming, retail and tourism. The profile of Sedbergh rose considerably after it featured in a BBC documentary series, The Town that Wants a Twin, airing for twelve episodes in January and February 2005. One result was that Sedbergh twinned with Zreče in north-eastern Slovenia.
The town suffered an outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease in 2001, but for many years since it has been promoted as a destination for walkers and ramblers. In 2015 the town was accepted as a Walkers are Welcome town.
The town golf club is located at Catholes-Abbott Holme.
A monthly booklet "Sedbergh and District Lookaround" provides details of events and other activities in the town and lists organisations, bus timetables and religious services. It is available at local shops for a suggested donation of £1. Online copies are also available from the booklet's web site.
Ingmire Hall, about two miles west of the town, comprises the remains of a 16th-century house, including a pele tower, altered and enlarged in the 19th century by the Kendal architect George Webster, and again in the 20th century. It was partly destroyed by fire in the 1920s, but extended and partly remodelled in 1989. It is built of coursed rubble with quoins and has slate roofs. Although the hall is within private grounds, there is a public footpath running alongside the drive-way.
St Gregory's Church is a redundant Anglican church situated on the A684 road about 1.5 miles (2 km) to the west of Sedbergh. It is designated a Grade II listed building, recorded in the National Heritage List for England, maintained by Historic England and under the care of the Churches Conservation Trust.
The Cross Keys Inn is a 400-year-old inn now run by the National Trust.
- Listed buildings in Sedbergh
- Sedbergh School
- Slingsby T.21, glider known in RAF service as the Sedbergh
- "Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 12 June 2015.
- "Sedbergh Geographical and Historical information from the year 1868". GENUKI. Retrieved 17 May 2011.
- "Tim Farron". theyworkforyou.com. Archived from the original on 1 June 2013.
- "Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics – Area: Sedbergh and Kirkby Lonsdale (Ward)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 17 March 2017.
- "Sedbergh Parish Council".
- "Book Sellers". Visit Sedbergh.
- "Sophie Honey - GOV.UK". www.gov.uk.
- "Search Results - BBC Genome". genome.ch.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 27 May 2017.
- "Google". www.google.com.
- "Sedbergh Golf Club". www.sedberghgolfclub.com.
- Sedbergh Lookaround website.
- listing, The Cumbrian Castle. "Ingmire Hall, Sedergh".
- "Ingmire Hall".
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sedbergh.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Sedbergh.|
- Sedbergh website
- Sedbergh Gateway website – Information for Walkers and Cyclists
- Cumbria County History Trust: Sedbergh (nb: provisional research only – see Talk page)
- An illustrated guide to Sedbergh
- Sedbergh Book Town
- Sedbergh pictures and information
- Farfield Mill and water turbine - video footage