Duke of Schleswig

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from List of the dukes of Schleswig)
Jump to: navigation, search

The following list is a list of jarls and dukes, who ruled over Schleswig respectively Southern Jutland (Sønderjylland).

First jarls/dukes[edit]

Houses of Estridsen and Schauenburg (1080-1460)[edit]

Ruler Born Reign Death House Consort Notes
Olaf I Hunger
Oluf hunger.jpg
c.1050 1080-1095 18 August 1095 Estridsen Ingegerd of Norway
c.1070
one child
Jarl (earl) of Jutland, since 1086 king of Denmark.
Eric I of Denmark
Erik 1. Ejegod.jpg
c.1050 1095-1103 10 July 1103 Estridsen
Part of Denmark
Boedil Thurgotsdatter
before 1086
one child
Duke-King of Schleswig-Denmark.
Nicholas I of Denmark
Kong niels.jpg
c.1065 1103-1120 25 June 1134 Estridsen
Part of Denmark
Margaret Fredkulla
c.1105
two children

Ulvhild Håkansdotter
1130
no children
Duke-King of Schleswig-Denmark.
Canute I Lavard
Knut Lavard.jpg
12 March 1096 1120-1131 7 June 1131 Estridsen Ingeborg of Kiev
1116
four children
Titled dux Daciae[1] (i.e. Duke of Denmark)
Magnus I c.1106 1131-1134 4 June 1134 Estridsen Richeza of Poland
c.1127
two children
Also King of Sweden
Eric II of Denmark
Erik emune.jpg
c.1090 1103-1120 18 September 1137 Estridsen
Part of Denmark
Malmfred of Kiev
c.1130
no children
Duke-King of Schleswig-Denmark.
Eric III of Denmark
Erik lam.jpg
c.1120 1120-1146 27 August 1146 Estridsen
Part of Denmark
Lutgard of Salzwedel
c.1144
no children
Duke-King of Schleswig-Denmark.
Sweyn III of Denmark
Swen.jpg
c.1125 1146-1152 23 October 1157 Estridsen
Part of Denmark
Adela of Meissen
c.1152
two children
Duke-King of Schleswig-Denmark.
Canute V of Denmark
Knud 5. Magnussen coin.jpg
c.1129 9 August 1157 Helena of Sweden
c.1156
no children
Duke-King of Schleswig-Denmark.
Valdemar I of Denmark
Valdemar 1. den Store.jpg
14 January 1131 12 May 1182 Sophia of Minsk
c.1144
Viborg Cathedral
eight children
Duke-King of Schleswig-Denmark.
Valdemar I
Valdemar 1. den Store.jpg
14 January 1131 1152-1154 12 May 1182 Estridsen Sophia of Minsk
c.1144
Viborg Cathedral
eight children
Between 1152-1154, titled dux Daciae[2] (i.e. Duke of Denmark), also king of Denmark.
Sweyn III of Denmark
Swen.jpg
c.1125 1154-1157 23 October 1157 Estridsen
Part of Denmark
Adela of Meissen
c.1152
two children
Duke-King of Schleswig-Denmark.
Canute V of Denmark
Knud 5. Magnussen coin.jpg
c.1129 9 August 1157 Helena of Sweden
c.1156
no children
Duke-King of Schleswig-Denmark.
Valdemar I of Denmark
Valdemar 1. den Store.jpg
14 January 1131 1154-1170 12 May 1182 Sophia of Minsk
c.1144
Viborg Cathedral
eight children
Duke-King of Schleswig-Denmark.
Christopher I 1150 1170-1173 1173 Estridsen Sophia of Minsk
c.1144
Viborg Cathedral
eight children
Between 1152-1154, titled dux Iuciae[3] (i.e. Duke of Jutland).
Valdemar I of Denmark
Valdemar 1. den Store.jpg
14 January 1131 1173-1182 12 May 1182 Estridsen
Part of Denmark
Sophia of Minsk
c.1144
Viborg Cathedral
eight children
Duke-King of Schleswig-Denmark.
Canute VI of Denmark
Knud 4. Valdemarsen.jpg
c.1163 1182-1183 12 November 1202 Estridsen
Part of Denmark
Gertrude of Bavaria
February 1177
Lund Cathedral
no children
Duke-King of Schleswig-Denmark.
Valdemar II the Victorius
Valdemar sejr.jpg
9 May or 28 June 1170 1183-1216 28 March 1241 Estridsen Dagmar of Bohemia
1205
one son

Berengaria of Portugal
1214
four children
titled dux slesvicensis[4] (i.e. Sleswickian duke), represented by the regent Bishop Valdemar Knudsen (1182–1193), Valdemar II became Danish king in 1202.
Valdemar (III) the Young
Valdemar den Unge 1209-1231.jpg
c.1209 1209-1216 28 November 1231 Estridsen Eleanor of Portugal
24 June 1229
Ribe Cathedral
one child
Minor duke as co-duke of Valdemar II.
Eric (I) Ploughpenny
Erik d4 Plovpenning cropped.jpg
c.1216 1216-1232 9 August 1250 Estridsen Jutta of Saxony
17 November 1239
six children
Minor duke as co-duke of Valdemar II.
Abel
Abel af Danmark.JPG
c.1218 1232-1252 29 June 1252 Estridsen Matilda of Holstein
25 April 1237
Schleswig Cathedral
four children
Also king of Denmark from 1250.
Christopher I of Denmark
Kong Christoffer 1. (1219-1259).jpg
c.1219 1252-1254 29 May 1259 Estridsen
Part of Denmark
Margaret Sambiria
1248
five children
Duke-King of Schleswig-Denmark.
Valdemar III c.1238 1254-1257 c.1257 Estridsen Unmarried
Eric I
Erikabelsenssegl.jpg
c.1242 1257-1272 27 May 1272 Estridsen Margaret of Rugia
1259 or 1260
three children
Margaret Sambiria (regent)
Krolowa Malgorzata Sambiria afT.jpeg
c.1219 1272-1282 29 May 1259 Estridsen
Part of Denmark
Christopher I of Denmark
1248
five children
Regent of Schleswig-Denmark.
Eric V of Denmark
Erik Glipping.jpg
c.1249 1282-1283 22 November 1286 Estridsen
Part of Denmark
Agnes of Brandenburg
11 November 1273
Schleswig Cathedral
seven children
Duke-King of Schleswig-Denmark.
Valdemar IV c.1265 1283-1312 26 March or 7 July 1312 Estridsen Elisabeth of Saxe-Lauenburg
1287
one child
Eric II c.1290 1312-1325 12 March 1325 Estridsen Adelaide of Holstein-Rendsburg
1313
two children
Gerhard III, Count of Holstein-Rendsburg (regent)
Grevgerhardssegl.jpg
1292 1325-1326 1 April 1340 In the name of the House of Estridsen Sophia of Werle
1315
four children
Regent in name of his nephew, Valdemar V, placed him on Denmark in 1326 and ruled Schleswig himself.
Valdemar V
Valdemar 3 kongesegl.jpg
c.1314 c.1364 Estridsen Richardis of Schwerin
c.1329?
two children
Under regency of his uncle, in 1326 became king of Denmark.
Gerhard I the Great
Grevgerhardssegl.jpg
1292 1325-1330 1 April 1340 Schauenburg Sophia of Werle
1315
four children
Regent in name of his nephew, Valdemar V, placed him on Denmark in 1326 and ruled Schleswig himself.
Valdemar V
Valdemar 3 kongesegl.jpg
c.1314 1330-1364 c.1364 Estridsen Richardis of Schwerin
c.1329?
two children
Henry I c.1342 1364-1375 August 1375 Estridsen Kunigunde
no children
Nicholas I
Seal Nikolaus (Holstein-Rendsburg) 01.jpg
1321 1375-1386 8 May 1397 Schauenburg Elisabeth of Brunswick-Lüneburg
1354
one child
Joint rule with his brother. In 1386 abicated for his nephew Gerhard. Also count of Holstein-Rendsburg.
Henry II of Iron
Seal Heinrich II. (Holstein-Rendsburg) 01.jpg
1317 1375-1384 1384 Schauenburg Matilda of Lippe
one child

Ingeborg of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
before 1374
four children
Joint rule with his brother. Also count of Holstein-Rendsburg.
Gerhard II
Gerhard VI.jpg
1367 1384-1404 5 August 1404 Schauenburg Catherine Elisabeth of Brunswick-Lüneburg
1390
six children
Also count of Holstein-Rendsburg.
Catherine Elisabeth of Brunswick-Lüneburg (regent)
Catharina of Brunswick.jpg
1385 1404-1413 After 1423 Schauenburg Gerhard II
1390
six children
Respectively mother and uncle, took the regency in name of Henry III.
Henry III, Count of Schauenburg-Holstein (regent)
Seal Heinrich III. von Schauenburg-Holstein 01.jpg
c.1372 February 1421 Unmarried
Henry III 1397 1413-1427 28 May 1427 Schauenburg Unmarried Died without descendants. Passed the land to his brothers.
Adolphus I
C. W. Eckersberg Hertug Adolf, som afslaar Tilbudet om den danske Krone.jpg
1401 1427-1459 4 December 1459 Schauenburg Matilda
before 1433
no children

Margareta of Mansfeld
1433
no children
He was the mightiest vassal of Danish crown at his time. Gained royal Danish recognition in 1440. After his death his patrimony is annexed by Denmark.
Gerhard III
Seal Gerhard VII. (Holstein) 01.jpg
1404 1427-1433 24 July 1433 Schauenburg Agnes of Baden
2 June 1432
Baden
ten children
Co-ruler, also Count of Holstein-Rendsburg as Gerhard VII, younger brother of Adolf VIII, during his lifetime, the claim to dukedom remained disputed by the Danish crown

House of Oldenburg (1460–1544)[edit]

Portrait Reign Name
Christian I of Denmark, Norway & Sweden 1440s.jpg
1460–1481 Christian I (Christian 1.)
1455 Johann.JPG
1481–1513 John (Hans), with Frederick I since 1482
ChristianII of denmark.jpg
1513–1523 Christian II (Christian 2.), deposed, died 1559; with Frederick I
Frederik 1-detail.jpg
1490–1533 Frederick I (Frederik 1.), as administrator 1482–1490, thereafter co-ruling
Christian III of Denmark.jpg
1523–1544 Christian III (Christian 3.), with his father till 1533

Co-ruling dukes of the Houses of Oldenburg, Gottorp and Haderslev[edit]

House of Oldenburg (1544–1580)[edit]


Portrait Reign Name
Christian III of Denmark.jpg
1523–1559 Christian III – with his brothers Adolf and John II
Frederik 2.jpg
1559–1588 Frederick II (Frederik 2.)

House of Schleswig-Holstein-Haderslev[edit]

Portrait Reign Name
Hans den Eldre.JPG
1544–1580 John II the Elder – with his brothers Adolf and Christian, and then the latter's son Frederick.


In 1580 Frederick II and Adolf divided John's share among each other.

House of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp (1544–1580)[edit]


Portrait Reign Name
Adolf I. von Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf.jpg
1544–1586 Adolf – with his brothers John II and Christian and then the latter's son Danish Frederick II




Co-ruling dukes of the Houses of Oldenburg and of Holstein-Gottorp[edit]

House of Oldenburg (1580–1713)[edit]

Portrait Reign Name
Frederik 2.jpg


1559–1588


Frederick II (Frederik 2.)





Christian 4 som gammel.jpg

1588–1648

Christian IV (Christian 4.)






Frederik 3 by window.jpg
1648–1670 Frederick III (Frederik 3.)
Christian V of Denmark.jpg
1670–1699 Christian V (Christian 5.)
Frederik den 4.jpg


1699–1730


Frederick IV (Frederik 4.)






In 1713 Frederick IV united all of Schleswig/Sønderjylland in one hand.

House of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp (after 1580)[edit]

Portrait Reign Name
Adolf I. von Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf.jpg
1544–1586 Adolf
1586–1587 Frederick II
1587–1590 Philip
Johann Adolf von Holstein Gottorp.jpg
1590–1616 John Adolf
Friedrich III Herzog von Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf.jpg
1616–1659 Frederick III
Christian Albrecht.jpg
1659–1694 Christian Albert
Friedrich IV. Gottorf.jpg
1694–1702 Frederick IV
1700 Karl Friedrich.JPG
1702–1713 Charles Frederick
In 1713 Frederick IV, being as King of Denmark also the liege lord of Schleswig, deposed Charles Frederick as co-ruling Duke of Schleswig. Frederick IV of Denmark and Norway continued as the sole Duke of Schleswig.

House of Oldenburg (1713–1863)[edit]

Portrait Reign Name
Frederik den 4.jpg
1699–1730 Frederick IV (Frederik 4.)
Christian 6.jpg
1730–1746 Christian VI (Christian 6.)
1723 Frederik.JPG
1746–1766 Frederick V (Frederik 5.)
Christian VII v Dänemark Residenzmuseum Celle.JPG
1766–1808 Christian VII (Christian 7.)
Fiedrichvidenmark.jpg
1808–1839 Frederick VI (Frederik 6.)
1786 Christian VIII.jpg
1839–1848 Christian VIII (Christian 8.)
Frederik VII af August Schiøtt.jpg
1848–1863 Frederick VII (Frederik 7.)

House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg (1863–1865)[edit]

Portrait Reign Name
1818 Christian-05.jpg
1863–1864/65 Christian IX of Denmark
rivalled by duke Frederick VIII, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein
In 1864, following the Second Schleswig War, the Duchy of Schleswig became an occupied territory of the German Confederation and two years later, following the Austro-Prussian War, part of the new Prussian Province of Schleswig-Holstein.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Esben Albrectsen, "Das Abel-Geschlecht und die Schauenburger als Herzöge von Schleswig", Marion Hartwig and Frauke Witte (trls.), in: Die Fürsten des Landes: Herzöge und Grafen von Schleswig, Holstein und Lauenburg [De slevigske hertuger; German], Carsten Porskrog Rasmussen (ed.) on behalf of the Gesellschaft für Schleswig-Holsteinische Geschichte, Neumünster: Wachholtz, 2008, pp. 52–71, here p. 52. ISBN 978-3-529-02606-5
  2. ^ "Albrectsen 2008 p. 52"
  3. ^ "Albrectsen 2008 p. 52"
  4. ^ "Albrectsen 2008 p. 52"