Little Brother Montgomery
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|Little Brother Montgomery|
|Birth name||Eurreal Wilford Montgomery|
April 18, 1906|
Kentwood, Louisiana, United States
|Died||September 6, 1985
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
|Associated acts||Lil Hardin Armstrong
Spanky and Our Gang
Largely self-taught, Montgomery was an important blues pianist with an original style. He was also versatile, working in jazz bands, including larger ensembles that used written arrangements. He did not read music but learned band routines by ear; once through an arrangement and he had it memorized.
Montgomery was born in Kentwood, Louisiana, a sawmill town near the Mississippi border, across Lake Pontchartrain from New Orleans, where he spent much of his childhood. Both his parents were of African-American and Creek Indian ancestry. As a child he looked like his father, Harper Montgomery, and was called Little Brother Harper. The name evolved into Little Brother Montgomery, and the nickname stuck. He started playing piano at the age of 4, and by age 11 he was playing at barrelhouses in Louisiana. His musical influence was Jelly Roll Morton, who used to visit the Montgomery household.
Early in his career he performed at African-American lumber and turpentine camps in Louisiana, Arkansas, and Mississippi. He then played with the bands of Clarence Desdunes and Buddy Petit. He lived in Chicago from 1928 to 1931, where he made his first recordings. From 1931 through 1938 he led a band in Jackson, Mississippi.
In 1942 Montgomery moved back to Chicago, which would be his base for the rest of his life, with various tours to other cities in the US and Europe. In the late 1950s he was discovered by wider white audiences. He toured briefly with Otis Rush in 1956. His fame grew in the 1960s, and he continued to make many recordings, including on his own record label, FM Records, which he formed in 1969 (FM stood for Floberg [the maiden name of his wife] and Montgomery).
Montgomery toured Europe several times in the 1960s and recorded some of his albums there. He appeared at many blues and folk festivals during the following decade and was considered a living legend, a link to the early days of blues and New Orleans.
Among his original compositions are "Shreveport Farewell", "Farrish Street Jive", and "Vicksburg Blues". His instrumental Crescent City Blues served as the basis for a song of the same name by Gordon Jenkins, which in turn was adapted by Johnny Cash as "Folsom Prison Blues."
- List of Chicago blues musicians
- Adelphi Records
- 77 Records
- List of people from Louisiana
- List of blues musicians
- The Story of Little Brother Montgomery, by Karl Gert zur Heide (London: Studio Vista, 1970), provides an overview of his life and early career.
- The October 1985 issue of The Mississippi Rag contains an article on Montgomery by Paige Van Vorst. The article was revised and updated and included in the liner notes of the 1990 album At Home (posthumously issued as Earwig 4918). These articles provide an overview of his life and musical career.
- The two-LP set Crescent City Blues (AXM2-5522), released by RCA in 1975, which includes many of his recordings for Bluebird Records in the mid-1930s, has comprehensive liner notes giving an overview of his musical career, written by Jim O'Neal, the editor of Living Blues magazine.
- Conversation with the Blues, by Paul Oliver, published in 1965 and reissued by Cambridge University Press in 1997, includes interviews with Montgomery.
|Year of Release||Album Title||Label|
|1965||Music Down Home: An Introduction to Negro Folk Music: U.S.A.||Folkways|
|1968||Farro Street Live||Folkways|
|1968||No Special Rider Here||Genes/Adelphi|
|1972||Blues Piano Orgy||Delmark|
|1975||Church Songs: Sung and Played on the Piano by Little Brother Montgomery||Folkways|
|2003||Classic Blues from Smithsonian Folkways||Smithsonian Folkways|
|2003||Classic Blues from Smithsonian Folkways, Vol. 2||Smithsonian Folkways|
|2008||Classic Piano Blues from Smithsonian Folkways||Smithsonian Folkways|
|2008||Classic African American Gospel from Smithsonian Folkways||Smithsonian Folkways|
- Du Noyer, Paul (2003). The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Music (1st ed.). Fulham, London: Flame Tree Publishing. p. 181. ISBN 1-904041-96-5.
- Eagle, Bob; LeBlanc, Eric S. (2013). Blues - A Regional Experience. Santa Barbara: Praeger Publishers. pp. 106–107. ISBN 978-0313344237.
- Bill Dahl. "Little Brother Montgomery | Biography & History". AllMusic. Retrieved 2015-10-05.
-  Archived April 16, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
- Russell, Tony (1997). The Blues: From Robert Johnson to Robert Cray. Dubai: Carlton Books. p. 146. ISBN 1-85868-255-X.
- Silverman, Jonathan (September 30, 2010). Nine Choices: Johnny Cash and American Culture. University of Massachusetts Press. p. 92. Retrieved October 4, 2012.
- "2013 Blues Hall of Fame Inductees Announced". Blues.org. Retrieved 2013-03-06.
- Oliver, Paul (1965). Conversation with the Blues. London: Cassell. ISBN 3-85445-065-6.