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|Liu Guosong (Liu Kuo-sung)
Photo by Ko Si-Chi (柯锡杰)
26 April 1932 |
Bangbu, Anhui, China
Liu Kuo-sung (Liu Guosong) (simplified Chinese: 刘国松; traditional Chinese: 劉國松; pinyin: Liu Guosong; born 26 April 1932) is a Taiwanese artist based in Shanghai and Taoyuan, Taiwan. Liu is widely regarded as one of the earliest and most important advocates and practitioners of modernist Chinese painting. He is also a writer on contemporary Chinese art.
A native of Qingzhou, Shandong, Liu Kuo-sung was born in Bangbu, Anhui, in 1932. Liu moved to Taiwan from mainland China in 1949. In 1956, Liu graduated from the Fine Arts Department of the National Taiwan Normal University, in which he studied both traditional brush-and-ink and western-style painting techniques.
As one of the co-founders of the Taiwan's Wuyue Huahui 五月畫會 (Fifth Moon Group) in 1957, Liu Kuo-sung sought a new approach to art, which was inspired by both traditional Chinese painting—especially the monumental landscape painting style of the Northern Song period (960–1126) and the xieyi 寫意 style of the Southern Song period (1129–1279)—as well as modern styles and techniques, such as Abstract Expressionism. Before turning to ink painting in 1961, Liu experimented with abstract oil painting. By the mid-1960s, Liu gradually developed his own personal pictorial formulae, in which he combines ink painting with collage and applies ink and color on special paper.
Liu was awarded a John D. Rockefeller III Foundation grant in 1966 that allowed him to travel around the US and Europe, and spent nine months in New York. He exhibited his work extensively in the US and was represented by the Lee Nordness Gallery in New York. In 1968, Liu was named one of Taiwan’s “Ten Outstanding Young Men” and he established the Chinese Painting Study Society.
Inspired by the Apollo 8 space mission, Liu developed his space series in the late 1960s. In 1971, he moved to Hong Kong to teach at the Chinese University of Hong Kong, where he would remain for the next twenty years. He was also a visiting professor at the University of Iowa in 1975 and a visiting artist at the Iowa and Illinois Art Council in 1980.
From the 1970s onwards, Liu continued his artistic exploration, developing such intriguing techniques as shuituo 水拓 (water rubbing) and zimo 漬墨 (steeped ink). In 1981, he was invited by the Chinese Painting Research Institute to visit Beijing, a visit that was followed in 1983 by an exhibition at the National Art Museum of China and an extensive exhibition in 18 cities around the country. In 1992, he moved back to Taiwan and continued to teach at the Donghai University in Taichung. In 1996, he was appointed head of the Fine Arts Research Institute at the Tainan National University of the Arts, where he worked until his retirement in 1999.
Since his retirement, Liu has traveled and exhibited extensively in China. As an artist and an art educator, Liu Kuo-sung enjoys widespread fame and influence in China. He inspires young generations of Chinese artists to explore new creative directions, and in particular, he fosters the emergence of exciting experiments and innovations in ink painting. His retrospective exhibition at the Palace Museum in Beijing in 2007 marked the high point of his sixty years of artistic career, which has spanned from the East to the West, and from Taiwan to China. Today Liu continues to be an active artist and divides his time between Shanghai and Taoyuan, Taiwan.
Selected Solo Exhibitions
• 2010 Michael Goedhuis Gallery, London
• 2009 Hubei Provincial Museum, Wuchang; University Museum and Art Gallery, University of Hong Kong
• 2008 Galerie 75 Faubourg, Paris, France
• 2007 Palace Museum, Beijing
• 2006 Hunan Provincial Museum, Changsha
• 2005 Singapore Tylor Print Institute
• 2004 Hong Kong Museum of Art
• 2002 National Art Museum of China, Beijing; Shanghai Museum; Guangdong Museum of Art
• 2001 Chengdu Modern Art Museum, Xichuan, China
• 1999 National Dr. Sun Yet-sen Memorial Hall, Taipei
• 1996 National Gallery of Art and Museum of History, Taipei
• 1992 National Taiwan Museum of Fine Arts, Taichung
• 1990 Taipei Fine Arts Museum
• 1989 Übersee-Museum, Bremen
• 1985 Museu Luís de Camões, Macau
• 1984 Shanghai Museum of Art
• 1983 National Art Museum of China, Beijing
• 1982 Nora Eccles Harrison Museum of Art, Logan
• 1979 Museum für Kunsthandwerk, Frankfurt
• 1976 Ulrich Museum of Arts, Wichita State University
• 1975 Colorado Springs Fine Arts Center
• 1973 San Diego Museum of Art
• 1971 Bristol City Museum and Art Gallery, Bristol, England
• 1970 Museum für Ostasiatische Kunst, Köln
• 1969 The Dallas Center for Contemporary of Art, Dallas
• 1968 Seattle Art Museum
• 1967 Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, Kansas City, Missouri, USA
• 1966 Spencer Museum, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas, USA
• 1965 National Taiwan Arts Education Center, Taipei, Taiwan
• Art Institute of Chicago
• Cleveland Museum of Art
• Asian Art Museum of San Francisco
• Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, Kansas City
• Phoenix Art Museum
• Seattle Art Museum
• Denver Art Museum
• Norton Museum of Art, West Palm Beach
• Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Harvard University
• Fogg Art Museum, Harvard University
• Iris and B. Gerald Cantor Center for Visual Arts, Stanford University
• Spencer Museum of Art, University of Kansas
• University of Arizona Museum of Art
• San Diego Museum of Art
• British Museum
• Museum Rietberg, Zürich
• Museum für Ostasiatische Kunst, Köln
• Museum für Ostasiatische Kunst, Berlin
• Museum für Kunsthandwerk, Frankfurt
• Linden-Museum, Stuttgart, Germany
• Bristol City Museum and Art Gallery
• Palace Museum, Beijing
• National Art Museum of China, Beijing
• Shandong Provincial Museum, Jinan
• Jiangsu Provincial Museum, Nanjing
• Shanghai Museum of Art
• Guangdong Museum of Art, Guangzhou
• Chengdu Modern Art Museum
• Hong Kong Museum of Art
• Chinese University Art Museum, Hong Kong
• National Museum of History, Taipei
• National Taiwan Museum of Fine Arts, Taichung
• Taipei Fine Arts Museum, Taipei
• National Dr. Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall, Taipei
• Kaohsiung Museum of Fine Art
• National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne
• Metropolitan Museum of Manila
• National Art Gallery of Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur
- Lee Chun-yi. Universe in the Mind: Liu Guosong's Art and Thoughts. Hong Kong: University Museum and Art Gallery, University of Hong Kong, 2009.
- Beijing Palace Museum ed. The Universe in the Mind: 60 Years of Painting by Liu Guosong. Beijing: Forbidden City Publishing House, 2007.
- Lin Mu. The Road of Liu Guosong's Modern Chinese Painting. Chengdu: Sichuan Fine Art Publishing House, 2007.
- Hong Kong Museum of Art ed. A Universe of His Own. Hong Kong: Leisure and Cultural Services Department, 2004.
- Lee Chun-yi ed. Liu Guosong on Art. Changsha: Henan Fine Art Publishing House, 2002.
- Xiao Qiongrui and Lin Boxin. Anthology of Taiwan Critical Writing: Volume of Liu Guosong. Taipei: Artists Publishing, 1999.
- Lee Chun-yi ed. Selected Essays on Liu Guosong's Art. Taipei: National Museum of History, 1996.
- Xiao Qiongrui. Research on Liu Guosong. Taipei: National Museum of History, 1996.
- Taiwan Museum of Art. The Retrospective of 60-Year-Old Liu Kuo-sung. Taichung: Taiwan Museum of Art, 1992.
- Zhou Shaohua. The Construction of Liu Guosong's Art. Wuhan: Hubei Fine Art Publishing House, 1985.
- Moss, Hugh M. The Four Seasons Handscroll by Liu Guosong. Hong Kong: Andamans East International, 1985.
- Li, Chu-tsing. Liu Kuo-sung: The Growth of a Modern Chinese Artist. Taipei: National Gallery of Art and History Museum, 1969.
- Liu Guosong. The Road to Modern Chinese Painting. Taipei: Wen Hsing Bookstore, 1969.
- Liu Guosong. Copy, Realism, Creation. Taipei: Wen Hsing Bookstore, 1966.