Liu Guosong

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Liu Guosong (Liu Kuo-sung)
劉國松
Liu Guosong.jpg
Photo by Ko Si-Chi (柯锡杰)
Born (1932-04-26) 26 April 1932 (age 87)
NationalityTaiwan
Known forPainter

Liu Kuo-sung (Liu Guosong) (simplified Chinese: 刘国松; traditional Chinese: 劉國松; pinyin: Liu Guosong; born 26 April 1932) is a Taiwanese artist based in Shanghai, China, and Taoyuan, Taiwan.[1] Liu is widely regarded as one of the earliest and most important advocates and practitioners of modernist Chinese painting. He is also a writer on contemporary Chinese art.

Biography[edit]

Liu Kuo-Sung was born in 1932 in Anhui Province, China. He moved to Taiwan in 1949 with the National Revolutionary Military Orphan School. He completed his art training at Taiwan Normal University, graduating in 1956. He became a pivotal figure in the modern art movement that strived to overthrow the prevailing conservatism in the art world of Taiwan. Liu is the principal founder of the Wuyue Huahui (Fifth Moon Group), which catalyzed the modernist art movement and brought renewal to traditional Chinese painting. Together with his Fifth Moon colleagues, he incorporated Western art concepts and techniques, successfully placing ink painting on the path to modern innovation, for which he has been called the father of modern ink painting.

Liu has held more than ninety solo exhibitions around the world, with more than half at art museums. His works has been collected at more than seventy museums around the world, including the British Museum and the Palace Museum in China. There are eleven art publications in Chinese, English, and German that focus on his art. There are six art text books in US and Germany that either quote his art theories or study his art. He is also the only Chinese artist who has been awarded both China's Arts Award "Lifetime Achievement Award" (2011) and Taiwan's National Award for Arts (2008). He is the first Chinese painter made a foreign honorary member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (2016).

Mr Liu is also a lifetime educator. He is currently[when?] the Chair Professor at Taiwan Normal University. He was the Head of the Fine Arts Department of the Chinese University of Hong Kong, Visiting Professor at the University of Iowa and the University of Wisconsin, Dean of Tainan Art Research Institute in Taiwan, and Honorary Professor of a number of universities and art schools in China.[citation needed]

Chronology[edit]

  • 1932  Born on April 26, in Bangbu, Anhui province.
  • 1938  Father died in the war against Japan. During the war Liu traveled with mother and sister to Hubei, Shanxi, Sichuan, Hunan, Jiangxi, and many other places; sister died due to sickness.
  • 1946  When war ended, family settled in Wuchang, Hubei province.
  • 1948  Qualified and admitted to Nanjing National Revolutionary Army Orphan School.
  • 1949  Moved with his school to Taiwan and entered affiliated high school of the Taiwan Provincial Teachers' College (now Taiwan Normal University).
  • 1950  Published poetry and short stories in "Free China" and "High School Student" magazines.
  • 1951  Passed the entry exam and admitted into the Fine Arts Department of Taiwan Normal University.
  • 1954  Published first essay "Why squeeze Japanese paintings into a Chinese painting exhibition? — Thoughts after viewing the 9th Taiwan Art Exhibition Chinese Painting Section" in the United Daily News.
  • 1956  Graduated first in class from the Fine Arts Department of Taiwan Normal University, and organized "Western Paintings of Four Artists" exhibition at the school.

    Founded the "Fifth Moon Group" with the encouragement of his professor Liao Jichun.

  • 1957  Represented Taiwan in "Young Asian Artists" in Tokyo.

    The first exhibition of the "Fifth Moon Group" in Taipei, initiating a new art movement in Taiwan.

  • 1958  Began to write articles about art theory to advocate modern Chinese art in Taiwan.
  • 1959  Participated in Brazil's São Paulo Bienal and France's Paris Youth Biennale.

    Described as "genius" by France's Le Figaro Newspaper.
    Turned away from complete Westernization to adopt a cultural position in which "the East and the West are merged".
    Began to use plaster models on canvas, and to add elements of ink painting to oil paintings.
    Worked at the Architecture Department of Tainan Cheng Gong University as teaching assistant for Professor Guo Bochuan.

  • 1960  Joined Chung Yuan University as lecturer for the architecture department.

    Participated in editorial work at Pen Review magazine.

  • 1961  Married Ms. Lee Mohua.

    Influenced by architectural theories, he abandoned oil and canvas, and returned to the world of ink and paper, leading the "Modern Chinese Painting Movement" and developing new painting techniques.     Wrote an article in response to Xu Fuguan's "The Retrogressive Trend in Modern Art", and set off the "battle over modern painting".

  • 1963  Pioneered the use of rough fiber cotton paper, and invented "Liu Guosong Paper" which inspired a new painting style.

    His work "Clouds Know no Emptiness" was collected by the Hong Kong Museum of Art, the first time his work is being collected by a museum.

  • 1964   Participant of "Modern Chinese Paintings" exhibition tour in 14 counties in Africa.
  • 1965  First solo exhibition at the Taiwan Museum of Art in Taipei.

    Participant of "Asia Pioneer Artist " exhibition tour in 10 cities in Asia.
    Collected essays "The Road to Modern Chinese Painting" published by Wen-Hsing Bookstore, Taipei.
    Invited to participate in "China Modern Art" exhibition organized and held at Galleria del Palazzo delle Exposizioni in Rome, Italy.

  • 1966  Second collection of essays "Copying, Drawing, Creating" published by Wen-Hsin Bookstore, Taipei.

    First US solo exhibition held at Laguna Beach Museum of Art in California.
    Studied printmaking at the University of Iowa for three months, traveled around US for four months, and then lived in New York for nine months.
    First catalogue, "Paintings by Liu Kuo sung", published by Taipei National Museum of History.

  • 1967  First New York solo exhibition at Rhodes Gallery, and received good review from New York Times art critic John Canaday.

    Represented by Rhodes Gallery.
    Invited by the Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art in Kansas City, Missouri to hold a solo exhibition.
    Left US for Europe and spent five months in Europe. Returned to Taipei in October.

  • 1968  Named one of Taiwan's "Ten Outstanding Youths".

    Founded Taiwan's "Chinese Painting Study Society" , and continued to advocate the modernization of Chinese painting.

  • 1969  Influenced by pictures of the earth taken from the moon by the American Apollo 8 spacecraft, began painting the "Space Series"; the first work in the series "Which is Earth?" won the first prize at the "Mainstream '69" in US.

    Solo exhibition "Paintings by Liu Kuo sung" held at the Taiwan National Museum of History, and at the same time "The Growth of a Modern Chinese Artist" by Professor Li Chu-Tsing (English version) was also published by the museum.
    Invited by Stanford University Art Museum to participate in "The Development of 20th Century Chinese Painting".

  • 1970  Taught at the University of Wisconsin-Stout for a semester as visiting professor.

    Invited to create a massive painting "The Midnight Sun" for the International Expo in Osaka, Japan.
    Museum fur Kunsthandwerk, Frankfurt, and Museum fur Ostasiatische Kunst, Cologne, jointly held the touring exhibition "Painting of Liu Kuo -sung", and published "The Growth of a Modern Chinese Artist" in German.
    Invited by the Arts Club of Chicago to join the "Calligraphic Statement" exhibition.

  • 1971  Moved to Hong Kong to teach at the Fine Arts Department of Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK).

    Participant in the "Fifth Moon Group Exhibition" at Honolulu Academy of Hawaii and the Taft Museum in Cincinnati, Ohio.

  • 1972  Appointed Chairman of the Fine Arts Department at CUHK; created "Modern Chinese Ink Painting" curriculum.

    "Paintings of Liu Kuo-sung" exhibition at Hong Kong Art Center

  • 1973  Created "Modern Chinese Ink Painting" courses for the CUHK Extension curriculum for diploma to foster creative works of modern Chinese ink painting.

    The Meeting of Eastern and Western Art, by British art historian Michael Sullivan, positively assessed Liu's work.
    Participated in "International Art Exhibition" tour at major museums, organized by ITT Inc.
    Began extensive experimentation with ink rubbing.

  • 1974  Published essay "Discussion on Painting Techniques" and introduced his hugely controversial theories of "overturning the centre tip" and "overturning the brush".

    Participated in "Asia Modern Art Exhibition" at Ueno No Mori Art Museum in Tokyo, Japan.
    Participated in "Contemporary Chinese Painting and Calligraphy" exhibition at Yale University Art Gallery; exhibition tour at various museums and galleries in the United States.

  • 1975  "Abstract Art" was published in France, included Liu's painting "Which is Earth?".

    Taught at University of Iowa for a year as visiting professor.
    Participated in "11th Asian Contemporary Art Exhibition" at Ueno No Mori Art Museum in Tokyo, Japan.

  • 1976  Organized and chaired the Fourth Asian International Art Education conference at CUHK; elected as Asian representative to the International Art Education Association.

    Resigned chairman art department post and devoted his time to pedagogy and painting.
    A Short History of Chinese Art, by Michael Sullivan, published by University of California, Berkeley, named Liu as an innovator for Chinese art.
    Published essays on "The Art of Pu Xinyu" in Volume Two of the CUHK Art Department Journal.

  • 1977  Chosen as the only Asian representative among the eight official painters of the British Commonwealth, and participated in creating "Commonwealth Print" in Canada.

    Participated in "Hong Kong Art Today" exhibition at the Hong Kong Art Museum.

  • 1978  Member of organizing and planning committee for Taipei Fine Arts Museum.

    A Brief History of Chinese and Japanese Civilizations, by New York University professor Conrad Schirokauer, named Liu as a representative figure in Taiwanese art and quoted from Liu's essays and also included Liu's works.

  • 1979  Received fulfillment prize from the International Meditation Society.

    Participated in "Artists '79" exhibition held at the General Assembly Building of the United Nations headquarters in New York.

  • 1980  Invited by the Iowa-Illinois Art Critics Association as visiting artist for a year, delivering lectures and master classes at various colleges and universities, education television programs, and museums.
  • 1981  Invited to Beijing for the inauguration of the Chinese Painting Research Institute and exhibited his works.

    Participated in "Peinture Chinoises Traditionnelles" at Musée Ceruschi in Paris, France.
    Participated in "The First Exhibition of Asian Art" in Bahrain City, Bahrain.

  • 1982Modern China and Japan, by Conrad Schirokauer, named Liu as the key figure of modern Chinese art.

    Participated in "Contemporary Hong Kong Art" at the Metropolitan Museum of Manila, Philippines.

  • 1983  Solo exhibitions at National Art Museum of China in Beijing and Jiangsu Provincial Art Museum in Nanjing; gave three public lectures by the invitation of Central Academy of Fine Arts; Liu's solo exhibition tour continued in 18 different cities throughout China for the next three years.
  • 1984  "Paintings by Liu Kuo-sung" published by Beijing's People's Art Publishing House.

    Participated in Beijing's "Sixth National Art Exhibition", and won the "Special Achievement Award" together with Li Keran.
    Participated in Hong Kong Art Museum's "20th Century Chinese Paintings Exhibition".

  • 1985  Liu's was invited by France's "May Painting Salon" to include Liu's painting "Deeply inside the Mountain's Breath" as part of the salon exhibition in Paris.

    Invited by the China Institute of Arts and Handicrafts with a short visiting professorship and taught modern Chinese ink painting at the institute.
    The Construction of Liu Kuo-sung's Art, by Zhou Shaohua, published by Hubei Fine Arts Publisher.

  • 1986  Visited the Silk Road and its surrounding areas.

    Having mastered ink-rubbing techniques, started to experiment and explore with light ink techniques.
    Participated in "Modern Asian Ink and Color Paintings Exhibition – 10th Asian Games Arts Festival" at Korean Culture Center, Seoul, Korea.

  • 1987  Visited Tibet; subsequently created a new style and produced the "Tibetan Landscape Series".

    Participated in "Exhibition of International Art of Suiboku" at the Tokyo Metropolitan Art Museum in Japan.
    Participated in "Contemporary Chinese Painting Exhibition" at the Vancouver Art Gallery in Canada.
    Participated in "Chinese Modern Painting Exhibition" at Brussels City Hall in Belgium.

  • 1988  Participated in the "International Ink Painting Exhibition" and "Ink Painting Research Conference" organized by the Chinese Painting Institute in Beijing; Liu also published essay "Conceptual Questions in Contemporary Chinese Painting".

    Participated in the "3rd Asian International Art Exhibition" at the Fukuoka Art Museum, Japan.
    Participated in "Oriental Color & Ink Painting's Exhibition" at the Korean Art Gallery in Seoul, Korea.

  • 1989  Panel judge for the "National Modern Painting Competition" in Beijing.

    Commissioned by American Express to paint a five-story mural titled "Source" (1952 cm x 366 cm).
    Participated in "The Fourth Asian International Art Exhibition" at Seoul Metropolitan Museum of Art, Korea.

  • 1990  Major retrospective exhibition at the Taipei Fine Arts Museum, and catalog published.
  • 1991  Received the "Modern Painting Achievement Award" from the Li Zongsheng Modern Painting Cultural and Education Foundation.
  • 1992  Invited to participate at the "Eastern Aesthetics and Modern Art Symposium" at the Taipei Fine Arts Museum; published pedagogical theory of "First Be Different, Then Be Refined"p.

    "Retrospective at 60" exhibition held at Taiwan Museum of Art in Taichung.
    Retired from Chinese University of Hong Kong, moved to Taichung, Taiwan; joined Donghai University as visiting professor.

  • 1995  Participated in "Taiwanese Contemporary Ink Painting Exhibition" at the Taiwanese Cultural Representative Office in Paris.
  • 1996  Appointed head of Fine Arts Research Institute at Tainan Fine Arts University.

    "Liu Kuo-sung Research Exhibition" at Taipei National Museum of History; Liu Kuo-sung Research by Hsiao Chong Ray was also published by Taipei National Museum of History.
    A Study of Liu Kuo-sung, by Chen Lusheng, published by Guangxi Fine Arts Publisher.

  • 1997  Invited to participate in "Chinese Art" exhibition and conference at the Shanghai Art Museum.
  • 1998  The only artist from Taiwan invited to participate in the "China: 5000 Years" exhibition at the Guggenheim Museum in New York and Bilbao.

    Invited by the German Cultural Institute, traveled through Europe and participated in "Expectation 2000: Chinese Modern Art Exhibition".
    Edition Global in Germany used Liu's painting "High Cliff" as the cover of the university textbook Bruchen und Bruche: China Malerei im 20. Jahrhundert, and also wrote about Liu's influence in contemporary Chinese painting.
    Liu's collection of essays Obsessed Forever published by Shangdong Pictorial Publisher.
    Retired from Tainan Fine Arts University.

  • 1999  Solo exhibition "The Universe and My Heart" at the Zhongshan National Gallery in Taipei.

    Anthology of Taiwan Critical Writing: Volume of Liu Kuo-sung, by Hsiao Chong Ray and Lin Po-shin, published by Taiwan Museum of Fine Arts.
    Invited to Paris to produce "Poetry in Painting" prints collection, and published a book with six poems specially written for this collection by Taiwanese poet Yu Kwang-Chung.

  • 2000  Participated in "Gate of the New Century" exhibition at the Chengdu Art Museum.

    Invited to lecture at Tibet University; visited Mount Everest and subsequently lost hearing in his left ear.
    Solo exhibition at Goehuis Contemporary in New York.
    Liu Kuo-sung – Yu Kwang-Chung: Reflexion and Elegance published by Hebei Education Publishing House.

  • 2001  Invited to New York to participate in "China Without Limits" exhibition, and also visited San Francisco, Washington DC.

    Visited Jiuzaigu and moved by the beauty of nature, started to experiment with light ink techniques to express the beauty of Jiuzaigu.
    "The West is Vast: Paintings by Liu Kuo-sung" exhibition at Chengdu Art Museum.

  • 2002  "The Universe in the Mind: A Retrospective of Liu Kuo-sung at 70" exhibition toured among China History Museum in Beijing, Shanghai Art Museum, Guangdong Museum of Art and various venues in Taipei.

    Liu's work "The Metaphysics of Rocks" was included in the "Eastern Culture History" textbook published by the US Wadsworth Group.
    Awarded "Outstanding Alumnus" by Taiwan National Normal University.
    Collected Essays of Liu Kuo-sung's Talk of Art, edited by Lee Chun-yi, published by Henan Art Publisher.

  • 2003  Solo exhibition "Heart of Creation" at the Cultural Center of Taiwan in Taichung.

    "Liu Kuo-sung at 70" exhibition at Hanart T Z Gallery in Hong Kong.

  • 2004  "A Universe of His Own" exhibition at Hong Kong Museum of Art, and exhibition catalog published.

    Awarded "Honorary Professor" by Tainan Fine Arts University.
    Liu's painting "The Metaphysics of Rocks" and his theoretical writings was included in the university textbook "Modern History of East Asia", published by Thomson Publisher in US.

  • 2005  Organized by Taiwan Soka Association, "Modern Impact: Liu Kuo-sung Exhibition" held at Hsinchu Art Center, Taichung Art Center, Chingyang Art Center and Yangcheng Art Center.

    "Paintings by Liu Kuo-sung and his students" exhibition at Arizona State University.
    Participated at the "Modern Chinese Painting" symposium at the Oxford University in England.
    Exhibition "Liu Kuo-sung : A Retrospective View" at Tyler Print Institute in Singapore.
    Moved by China's successful launch of the spacecraft Shenzhou 6, started to paint a new "Shenzhou-6 Series".

2006  "Rhythm of Mind" exhibition at Zhejiang Provincial Museum, Westlake Museum, and Hunan Provincial Museum.
    Invited by Harvard University to participated in "New Chinese Paintings" exhibition and to deliver a speech.
    After visiting Zhangjiajie, created a new "Zhangjiajie Series". Liu's work "Tianzishan in Summer: Zhangjiajie Series No.9" was collected by the Beijing Palace Museum.

2007  Invited to attend opening ceremony for the new building at the Museum Rieterg, Zurich, Switzerland.
    "Universe in the Mind: 60 Years of Paintings by Liu Guosong" exhibition at the Wuyingdian Hall of the Palace Museum, Shanghai Museum of Art and Guangdong Art Museum.
    Liu Guosong's Road to Modern Chinese Painting, by Lin Mu, published by Chengdu Sichuan Fine Art Publishing House.
    The Universe and My Heart: Liu Guosong's Road to Art Creation, by Zhang Meng-Qi and Liu Su-Yu, was published by Taiwan Art & Collection Group.

2008  Awarded Taiwan's "National Award for Arts", presented by Taiwanese President Ma Yin-Jiu.
    Solo exhibition at Galerie 75 Faubourg in Paris.
    Attended the opening ceremony for the "Romance of Ink" exhibition at the Modern Art Gallery and participated in "Inkism" at the Shangshang Art Museum in Beijing.

  • 2009  "Universe in Mind: Liu Guosong 60 Years of Paintings" exhibition at Hubei Provincial Museum, Ningxia Provincial Museum, Chongqing China Three Gorges Museum and Hefei Yaming Museum.

    Invited as "Lecturing Professor" and taught at Southwest University and Sichuan Art College.

  • 2010  Solo exhibition at Goedhuis Contemporary in London, England.

    Liu's work "Sun and Moon: Floating? Sinking?" was collected by the British Museum.
    Lectured at Sichuan University.
    Invited to participated in the inaugural "Chinese Character Festival" in Beijing.
    Awarded "Chair Professor" by Taiwan National Normal University, highest honor in education in Taiwan.
    Awarded "Honorary Doctorate" by the World Academy of Arts & Culture and World Congress of Poets.

  • 2011The Spirit of Ink Painting – Biography of Liu Guosong, by Hsiao Chong Ray, published by Taiwan Vista Publishing.

    "A Creation Exhibition by Liu Guosong – Looking back at 80" exhibition at the National Art Museum of China, Beijing.
    Invited by China Academy of Arts as keynote speaker.
    Invited as keynote speaker at the "China-Taiwan Academic Conference" in Macao.
    Invited as "Guest of Honor" at the National Arts Association Conference in Beijing.
    Awarded China Arts Award "Lifetime Achievement Award" by the Chinese National Academy of Arts.
    Invited to participate at the "China Xing-Hai 100 Years Anniversary Arts Exhibition" at the National Museum of China and National Art Museum of China.

  • 2012  "A Man of East, West, South, and North – Liu Kuo-Sung 80th Birthday Retrospective Exhibition" at the National Taiwan Museum of Fine Arts.
  • 2013  Shandong Museum opened the permanent "Liu Guosong Modern Ink Art Gallery" with more than 80 works of Liu Guosong.
  • 2014  Awarded "Global Outstanding Chinese" in Hong Kong by Global Outstanding Chinese Society.

    Awarded "Outstanding Artist" by Asian Society in Hong Kong.
    Invited by Stanford University to give speech "Challenge and Innovation: Liu Kuo-sung Ink Art Revolution".
    "Revolution | Renaissance: The Art of Liu Kuo-Sung" exhibition at the National Museum of History, Taipei.

  • 2015  Invited by both Stanford University and the China Art Research Institute to give lecture with Stanford University Physics Professor Peter Michelson titled "Echoes of Art and Science: Creative Exploration of the Universe".

    Awarded Chiar Professor by the Najing Normal University School of Fine Arts.
    Revolution | Renaissance: The Art of Liu Kuo-Sung" Asia Tour Exhibition.
    MoCA@LOEWEN, Singapore.
    National Museum of Indonesia, Jakarta.
    Museum of Contemporary of Art, Bangkok.
    "Bible of the Modern Ink Painting Missionary: Liu Guo Song Prints Exhibition"Jinan Art Museum.
    Beijing Wenzi Xu Yuan Art Meuseum

  • 2016 Awards Taiwan Order of Brilliant Star with Grand Cordon.

    "Echo of the Universe: Ink Art of Liu Kuo-Sung" at the China Art Museum in Shanghai, China.
    Honorary Member for China Federation of Literary and Art Circles.

  • 2017 "Retrospective Exhibition of Liu Guo Song's Works of Art" in Shandong Museum, China.

    Awarded 36th Taiwan National Cultural Award.

Selected solo exhibitions[edit]

1965  Taiwan Museum of Art, Taipei, Taiwan

1966  Laguna Beach Museum of Art, California, USA
    Museum of Art, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas, USA

1967  Lee Nordness Galleries, New York, USA
    Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, Missouri, USA
    Georgia University Art Gallery, Athens, Georgia USA

1968  The Seattle Art Museum, Seattle, Washington, USA
    The Taft Museum, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA
    The Luz Gallery, Makati, Rizal, The Philippines

1969  The Dallas Center for Contemporary Art, Texas, USA
    National Museum of History, Taipei, Taiwan
    St. Mary 's College Art Gallery, Nortre Dame, Indiana USA

1970  Museum fur Ostasiatische Kunst, Koln, Germany
    Joslyn Art Museum, Omaha, Nebraska, USA
    San Diego Museum of Art, California USA

1971  Museum fur Kunsthandwerk, Frankfurt, Germany
    Hugh Moss Ltd., London, England
    Bristol City Museum and Art Gallery, England

1972  Art Museum At the University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah USA
    Utah State University Art Gallery, Logan, Utah USA
    Brigham Young University Museum, Provo, Utah USA
    Galerie Hans Hoeppner, Hamburg, Germany

1973  Hong Kong Art Centre, Hong Kong
    San Diego Museum of Art, California USA
    Frank Caro Company, New York, USA

1974  Laky Gallery, Carmel, California USA

1975  Colorado Springs Fine Arts Centre, Colorado USA
    M.M. Shinno Gallery, Los Angeles, California USA

1976  Ulrich Museum of Arts, Wichita, Kansas USA
    Museum of Ohio University, Atnens, Ohio USA

1977  Plymouth State College Art Gallery, University of New Hampshire, Plymouth, New
    Hampshire USA
    Occidental College Art Gallery, Los Angeles, USA

1978  East and West Art Gallery, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Greenhill Galleries, North Adelaide, South Australia
    Churchill Gallery, Perth, Western Australia

1979  Play House Art Gallery, Canberra, Australia
    Museum fur Kunsthandwerk, Frankfurt, Germany

1980  Ulrich Museum of Arts, Wichita, Kansas USA
    University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona USA
    Monterey Peninsula Museum of Art, Monterey, California USA
    Museum of Ohio University, Atnens, Ohio USA

1981  Columbus Cultural Arts Center, Columbus, Ohio USA
    UMC Fine Art Gallery, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado USA
    Galerie Andree, Costa Mesa, California USA

1982  Nora Eccles Harrison Museum of Art, Logan, Utah USA

1983  National Museum of Fine Arts, Beijing, China
    Jiangsu Provincial Art Museum, Nanjing, China
    Heilongjiang Provincial Art Gallery, Harbin, China
    Hubei Provincial Art Exhibition Gallery, Wuhan, China
    Guangdong Art Institute Gallery, Guangzhou, China

1984  Shanghai Museum of Art, China
    Shangdong Provincial Art Gallery, Jinan, China
    Zhejiang Exhibition Hall, Hangzhou, China
    Yantai City Exhibition Hall, Yantai, Shangdong, China
    Fuzhou May 1 Plaza Central Hall, Fuzhou, China

1985  Hong Kong Arts Centre
    Museu Luis de Camoes, Leal Senado de Macau

1986  Art Gallery of Shanxi Artists Association, Sian, Shanxi, China
    Youth Palace, Lanzhou, Gansu, China
    Ürümqi City Exhibition Hall, Ürümqi, Xinjiang, China
    Cultural Palace, Chongqing, Sichuan, China
    University Art Exhibition Hall, SouthWest University, Chongqing, Sichuan, China

1987  National Painting Museum of Hunan Province, Changsha, Hunan, China
    University Art Gallery, Shanxi University, Taiyuan, Shanxi, China

1988  Weifang Museum, Weifang, Shangdong, China

1989  Ubersee-Museum, Bremen, Germany

1990  Taipei Fine Arts Museum, Taiwan

1992  National Museum of Art, Taichung, Taiwan

1994  Lung Men Art Gallery, Taipei, Taiwan

1996  National Museum of History, Taipei, Taiwan
    G.Zen 50 Art Gallery, Kaohsiung, Taiwan

1997  He Xiangning Art Museum, Shenzhen, China
    Modern Art Gallery, Taichung, Taiwan

1998  Modern Art Gallery, Taichung, Taiwan

1999  National Dr. Sun Yat-Sen Memorial Hall, Taiwan

2000  Art Center, National Central University, Taiwan
    Goehuis Contemporary, New York, USA

2001  Chengdu Contemporary Art Museum, Chengdu, Sichuan, China

2002  “The Universe in the Mind: A Retrospective of Liu Kuo-sung at 70” Tour in China
     • National History Museum, Beijing, China
     • Shanghai Art Museum, Shanghai, China
     • Guangdong Museum of Art, Guangdong, China

2003  Cultural Centre of Taichung, Taiwan
    Shangdong Qingdao Museum, China
    Hanart TZ Gallery, Hong Kong

2004  Hong Kong Museum of Art
    Taiwan Exhibition Tour organized by Taiwan Soka Association

2005  Singapore Tylor Print Institute, Singapore
    Academia Sinica, Taipei


2006  Zhejiang Provincial Museum, Hangzhou, China
    Hunan Provincial Museum, Changsha, China

2007  “The Universe in the Mind: 60 Years of Painting By Liu Guosong”
     • Palace Museum, Beijing, China
     • Shanghai Art Museum, Shanghai, China
     • Guangdong Museum of Art, Guangzhou, China

2008  Galerie 75 Faubourg, Paris, France

2009  “The Universe in the Mind: Liu Guosong 60 Years Retrospective Exhibition”
     • Hubei Provincial Museum, Wuhan, China
     • Ningxia Museum, China
     • Three Gorges Museum, Chongqing, China
     • Ya Ming Art Museum, Anhui, China
     • National Dr. Sun Yat-Sen Memorial Hall, Taipei

2010  Goehuis Contemporary, London, England
    Taipei City Government Art Gallery, Taiwan

2011  “A Creation Exhibition by Liu Guosong – Looking back at 80”
    National Art Museum of China, Beijing

2012  "A Man of East, West, South and North – Liu Kuo-Sung 80th Birthday Retrospective Exhibition" at the National Taiwan Museum of Fine Arts

2014  "Revolution | Renaissance: The Art of Liu Kuo-Sung" at the National Museum of History, Taipei,

2015  "Revolution | Renaissance: The Art of Liu Kuo-Sung" Asia Tour Exhibition
     • MoCA@LOEWEN, Singapore
     • National Museum of Indonesia, Jakarta
     • Museum of Contemporary of Art, Bangkok
    "Bible of the Modern Ink Painting Missionary: Liu Guo Song Prints Exhibition"
     •Jinan Art Museum
     •Beijing Wenzi Xu Yuan Art Museum

2016  "Echo of the Universe: Ink Art of Liu Kuo-Sung" at the China Art Museum in Shanghai,China

2017  "Retrospective Exhibition of Liu Kuo Sung's Works of Art" in Shandong Museum, China

Selected collections[edit]

• Art Institute of Chicago

• Cleveland Museum of Art

• Asian Art Museum of San Francisco

• Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, Kansas City

• Phoenix Art Museum

• Seattle Art Museum

• Denver Art Museum

• Norton Museum of Art, West Palm Beach

• Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Harvard University

• Fogg Art Museum, Harvard University

• Iris and B. Gerald Cantor Center for Visual Arts, Stanford University

• Spencer Museum of Art, University of Kansas

• University of Arizona Museum of Art

• San Diego Museum of Art

• British Museum

• Museum Rietberg, Zürich

• Museum für Ostasiatische Kunst, Köln

• Museum für Ostasiatische Kunst, Berlin

• Museum für Kunsthandwerk, Frankfurt

• Linden-Museum, Stuttgart, Germany

• Bristol City Museum and Art Gallery

• Palace Museum, Beijing

• National Art Museum of China, Beijing

• Shandong Provincial Museum, Jinan

• Jiangsu Provincial Museum, Nanjing

• Shanghai Museum of Art

• Guangdong Museum of Art, Guangzhou

• Chengdu Modern Art Museum

• Hong Kong Museum of Art

• Chinese University Art Museum, Hong Kong

• National Museum of History, Taipei

• National Taiwan Museum of Fine Arts, Taichung

• Taipei Fine Arts Museum, Taipei

• National Dr. Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall, Taipei

• Kaohsiung Museum of Fine Art

• National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne

• Metropolitan Museum of Manila

• National Art Gallery of Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur

Sources[edit]

  • Lee Chun-yi. Universe in the Mind: Liu Guosong's Art and Thoughts. Hong Kong: University Museum and Art Gallery, University of Hong Kong, 2009.
  • Beijing Palace Museum ed. The Universe in the Mind: 60 Years of Painting by Liu Guosong. Beijing: Forbidden City Publishing House, 2007.
  • Lin Mu. The Road of Liu Guosong's Modern Chinese Painting. Chengdu: Sichuan Fine Art Publishing House, 2007.
  • Hong Kong Museum of Art ed. A Universe of His Own. Hong Kong: Leisure and Cultural Services Department, 2004.
  • Lee Chun-yi ed. Liu Guosong on Art. Changsha: Henan Fine Art Publishing House, 2002.
  • Xiao Qiongrui and Lin Boxin. Anthology of Taiwan Critical Writing: Volume of Liu Guosong. Taipei: Artists Publishing, 1999.
  • Lee Chun-yi ed. Selected Essays on Liu Guosong's Art. Taipei: National Museum of History, 1996.
  • Xiao Qiongrui. Research on Liu Guosong. Taipei: National Museum of History, 1996.
  • Taiwan Museum of Art. The Retrospective of 60-Year-Old Liu Kuo-sung. Taichung: Taiwan Museum of Art, 1992.
  • Zhou Shaohua. The Construction of Liu Guosong's Art. Wuhan: Hubei Fine Art Publishing House, 1985.
  • Moss, Hugh M. The Four Seasons Handscroll by Liu Guosong. Hong Kong: Andamans East International, 1985.
  • Li, Chu-tsing. Liu Kuo-sung: The Growth of a Modern Chinese Artist. Taipei: National Gallery of Art and History Museum, 1969.
  • Liu Guosong. The Road to Modern Chinese Painting. Taipei: Wen Hsing Bookstore, 1969.
  • Liu Guosong. Copy, Realism, Creation. Taipei: Wen Hsing Bookstore, 1966.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sullivan, Michael (2006-04-01). Modern Chinese Artists: A Biographical Dictionary. University of California Press. pp. 99–. ISBN 9780520244498. Retrieved 11 May 2012.