Lola Alvarez Bravo
|Lola Alvarez Bravo|
Self-Portrait, Alvarez Bravo, 1950
|Born||Dolores Martinez de Anda
April 3, 1903
Lagos de Moreno, Jalisco, Mexico
|Died||July 31, 1993
Mexico City, Mexico
|Spouse(s)||Manuel Alvarez Bravo|
She was born Dolores Martinez de Anda to wealthy parents in Lagos de Moreno, Jalisco, Mexico. Her mother, Sara de Anda, died when Lola was two years old and her father, Gonzalo Martinez, died of a heart attack five years later in 1916 and Lola was then taken in by her half brother. She and her brother were sent to live with their older half brother in Mexico City. She received a traditional education at Colegio del Sagrado Corazón.
She is quoted as saying I don't know why since childhood, I had the idea that I wanted to do something not everybody did. What I've hated most about my life is that they order me around and they limit my freedom.'
Marriage, divorce and family
In 1925 she married her longtime friend Manuel Álvarez Bravo  and moved to Oaxaca where Manuel was an accountant for the federal government and Lola produced her first photographs. They moved back to Mexico City and had a son, Manuel in 1927. Lola and Manuel Sr. had marital problems, separated in 1934, and finally divorced in 1948.
Manuel had taken up photography as an adolescent; he taught Lola and they took pictures together in Oaxaca. Manuel also taught her to develop film and make prints in the darkroom. As he became more serious about pursuing a career in photography, she acted as his assistant, although she also harbored a desire to become a photographer in her own right. The Álvarez Bravos separated in 1934 but retained the Alvarez Bravo name.
In the 1930s, just after her separation from Manuel, Álvarez Bravo worked as an elementary school art teacher and soon after took a position at the Department of Education cataloging photographs. She met the minister of education by chance and was asked to photograph him. He loved her work and showed her photographs to some influential people which got her a job in the mid-1930s as the chief photographer for El Maestro Rural (The Rural Teacher). El Maestro Rural was a magazine published by the secretary of public education aimed at the group of young teachers that were being hired by the progressive administration.
She had her first solo art exhibition in 1944, at Mexico City's Palace of Fine Arts. Multiple solo and group exhibits were to follow afterwards.
She photographed schools, factories, farms, orphanages, fire stations, and hospitals throughout Mexico to accompany the magazine's articles. Álvarez Bravo is probably best known however for the photographs she took in the 1940s of her close friend, Frida Kahlo. In the adjacent image, Álvarez Bravo depicts the pain Kahlo suffered after she was in a bus accident and in her relationship with Diego Rivera.
She was the director of photography at the National Institute of Fine Arts. She opened an art gallery in 1951 and was the first person to exhibit the work of Frida Kahlo in Mexico City. She also taught photography at the Academia de San Carlos in Mexico City.
Inspired by photographers Edward Weston and Tina Modotti, Álvarez Bravo established her independent career. She was a photojournalist, commercial photographer, professional portraitist, political artist, teacher, and gallery curator over the course of her career. For 50 years, she photographed a wide variety of subjects, making documentary images of daily life in Mexico's villages and city streets and portraits of leaders from various countries. She also experimented with photomontage.
Álvarez Bravo continued to take photographs until she became blind at age seventy-nine. She made a statement late in life that sums up why her photographs are important; "If my photographs have any meaning, it's that they stand for a Mexico that once existed."
Álvarez Bravo's work focused on documenting Mexico and its people during her lifetime, with a humanistic perspective. Her images document de industrialization of the country which occurred after the Mexican Revolution as well as the effects of 20th century technology.
She was the first woman photographer to exhibit her work at the Salón de la Plástica Mexicana with the exhibit México en la vida, en la danza, en la muerte in 1953. She was accepted as a member of this institution.
- Alvarez Bravo, L., & Ferrer, E. (2006). Lola Alvarez Bravo. New York, Aperture. ISBN 1-931788-94-4
- Alvarez Bravo, Lola. Recuentro fotografico. Collection de Arte—Fotografia, Mexico, 1982. ISBN 9687199059
- Anglo-American Name Authority File, s.v. "Alvarez Bravo, Lola", LC Control Number n 85214086, cited 7 February 2006
- Union List of Artists Names, s.v. "Alvarez Bravo, Lola", cited 7 February 2006
- Ferrer, Elizabeth (2006). Lola Alvarez Bravo. New York: Aperture. p. 162. ISBN 978-1-931788-94-6.
- Whitelegg, Isobel. "Lola Alvarez Bravo". Oxford Art Online. Retrieved 11 February 2014.
- Mujeres del Salón de la Plástica Mexicana. 1. Mexico City: CONACULTA/INBA. 2014. pp. 22–23. ISBN 978 607 605 255 6.
- "National Museum of Women in the Arts". Lola Alvarez Bravo. Retrieved 11 February 2014.
- Congdon, Kristin G.; Hallmark, Kara Kelley (2002). Artists from Latin American Cultures: A Bibliographical Dictionary. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. p. 1.
- Ferrer, Elizabeth (2006). Lola Álvarez Bravo. New York: Aperture Foundation. p. 17.
- Kristin G. Congdon; Kara Kelley Hallmark (30 October 2002). Artists from Latin American cultures: a biographical dictionary. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 3. ISBN 978-0-313-31544-2. Retrieved 18 March 2012.
- Congdon, Kristin G.; Hallmark, Kara Kelley (2002). Artists from Latin American Cultures: A Bibliographical Dictionary. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. p. 3.
- Sills, Leslie (2000). In Real Life: Six Women Photographers. New York: Holiday House. p. 31.
- Profile from the National Museum of Women in the Arts
- Center for Creative Photography website
- Lola Alvarez Bravo Images Online Center for Creative Photography (CCP) CCP at the University of Arizona has released a digital catalog of all Bravo's images.