Long Beach Assembly
Coordinates: Long Beach Assembly is a former Ford Motor Company assembly plant located at the Cerritos Channel on Terminal Island, at 700 Henry Ford Avenue in Long Beach, Southern California. It operated from 1930 through 1958.
The former Henry Ford Bridge, crossing the Cerritos Channel from the mainland to Terminal Island, was located located near the former plant site.
The Ford Model A were the first vehicles to be built, with operations beginning in March, 1930. The location was closed in late 1958 when underground subsidence caused by oil drilling left the facility unstable. The Los Angeles Assembly plant in Pico Rivera opened in late 1958, and continued Ford car and truck production.
The location was one of several factories designed by architect Albert Kahn who was the chief architect for Ford factories across the US. Through 1948, the location built Lincoln, Mercury and Ford products that were distributed throughout the American Southwest. In 1948 a Lincoln-Mercury plant opened in Maywood, called Maywood Assembly.
During the Depression of the 1930s, the Long Beach Assembly plant manufactured trucks that were used to build Hoover Dam. The facility was briefly closed from December 1932 until February 1935.
During WWII the location was used as a supply base by the United States Army Air Corps, with automobile production resuming in December, 1945.
Ford closed earlier Los Angeles Assembly plants that had been operating since 1911: first, at 12th and Olive Streets and after 1914, at East Seventh Street and Santa Fe Avenue. The factory that built Ford Model T is still standing, having been converted to apartment buildings.
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