|28th Lieutenant Governor of Alabama|
January 20, 2003 – January 15, 2007
|Preceded by||Steve Windom|
|Succeeded by||Jim Folsom|
|37th Treasurer of Alabama|
January 16, 1995 – January 20, 2003
|Preceded by||George Wallace|
|Succeeded by||Kay Ivey|
|Second Lady of Alabama|
January 17, 1983 – January 19, 1987
|Preceded by||Ann Louise McMillan|
|Succeeded by||Marsha Guthrie Folsom|
December 21, 1937 |
Pansey, Alabama, U.S.
|Spouse(s)||Bill Baxley (1974–1987)
|Alma mater||Auburn University|
Lucy Baxley (born December 21, 1937) is a politician in the U.S. state of Alabama, who served from 2003 to 2007 as the 28th Lieutenant Governor of her state. In 2006, she was the unsuccessful Democratic nominee for governor. Alabama earlier had a female governor, Lurleen Burns Wallace, and Baxley is the first woman to have held the state's office of lieutenant governor.
Baxley was born in 1937 near rural Pansey, located near the larger city of Dothan in Houston County in southeastern Alabama. Baxley attended Auburn University at Montgomery but did not graduate. She first married at the age of eighteen; later, she married Bill Baxley, who from 1971 to 1979 was the state attorney general and later from 1983 to 1987 the lieutenant governor. Bill Baxley became involved with another woman in a widely publicized affair, and the couple divorced in 1987. Since 1996, Lucy Baxley has been married to Jim Smith.
On November 4, 2008, she was elected to a four-year term as the President of the Alabama Public Service Commission.
In 1994, Baxley was elected Alabama State Treasurer, in which capacity she pursued office modernization, including the first personal computers for staffers. She worked for expansion of the Prepaid Affordable College Tuition Program. In 1998, Baxley was re-elected to that post. In 2002, Baxley defeated Bill Armistead in the election as elected lieutenant governor, having received more votes than either candidate for governor that year. She also served as a delegate to the 1996 Democratic National Convention, which met in Chicago to renominate the Clinton-Gore ticket, which lost in Alabama.
In 2005, Baxley announced plans to run for governor in 2006. Her main opponent in the primary was former Governor Don Siegelman. In large part because of Siegelman's indictment for bribery and racketeering, she was able to secure important endorsements from the Alabama Democratic Conference, the New South Coalition, and the Alabama State Employees Association. Despite running a relatively low-profile campaign, she coasted to a win in the primary election on June 6 with 60 percent of the vote.
Baxley was an underdog in the general election, however, against incumbent Republican Bob Riley, trailing by as much as 30 points in some polls. Baxley proposed a raise in the minimum wage of $1 per hour, which generated some criticism from her opponents. She was heavily outspent in the campaign by Riley and pointed to Riley's receipt of large contributions from recipients of industrial development subsidies. Baxley lost to Riley, 58-42 percent.
Making a political comeback in 2008, Baxley defeated Republican Twinkle A. Cavanaugh to become president of the Alabama Public Service Commission. She replaced the retiring Jim Sullivan. She was then defeated by Cavanaugh in 2012 during her bid for reelection.
Stroke and recovery
Baxley was admitted to UAB hospital in Birmingham on November 23, 2006, Thanksgiving Day. She had become ill Wednesday evening, while visiting her family in Birmingham. Doctors kept her for tests and observations. A spokeswoman for UAB announced that Baxley had suffered a mild stroke, but was expected to fully recover. A statement was issued via her family that asked Alabamians to keep Baxley in their prayers. No further details of her condition were given at the time.
She was discharged from UAB on November 29 and then moved to Lakeshore Rehabilitation Center in Birmingham. She remained there until being released December 29. The cause of Baxley's stroke has not been determined. Following the advice of her neurologist, Baxley did not return to Montgomery to preside over the opening of the Senate, her last official duty as lieutenant governor. According to Senator Lowell Barron, a Democrat from Fyffe, "Lucy's situation is serious." It was difficult for her to move her left leg and "she was unable to move her left arm." Following her discharge, she underwent outpatient rehabilitation.
2012 General Election: Alabama Public Service Commission
|Twinkle Cavanaugh (R)||1,078,108||54.17%|
|*Lucy Baxley (D)||909,323||45.69%|
2008 General Election: Alabama Public Service Commission
|Lucy Baxley (D)||1,014,091||50.25%|
|Twinkle Cavanaugh (R)||1,001,643||49.64%|
2006 General Election: Governor
|*Bob Riley (R)||718,327||57.45%|
|Lucy Baxley (D)||519,827||41.57%|
2006 Democratic Primary: Governor
2002 General Election: Lieutenant Governor
|Lucy Baxley (D)||694,442||51.48%|
|Bill Armistead (R)||630,839||46.76%|
|Lyn Curtis Adams (L)||21,884||1.62%|
1998 General Election: State Treasurer
|*Lucy Baxley (D)||810,746||64.59%|
|Tom Davis (R)||443,901||35.37%|
1994 General Election: State Treasurer
|Lucy Baxley (D)||562,733||50.03%|
|James Martin (R)||561,701||49.93%|
1994 Democratic Primary: State Treasurer
|Steven R. Phelps, Sr.||96,958||17.09%|
* = Incumbent Bold = Winner
Note: All votes are official results from the Alabama Secretary of State website. Alabama Secretary of State
- Alabama Department of Archives and History: Alabama's Lieutenant Governors
- "Sounds Like Alabama", The Birmingham News, November 5, 2006, p. 1E
- "Confidence Regained, Baxley Aims for Top", The Birmingham News, May 15, 2006, p. 1A
- "Ex-Lt. Gov. Baxley Forms Real Estate Business," Birmingham Business Journal, April 20, 2007
- "Office Upgrades on Ms. Baxley's Agenda", The Birmingham News, October 3, 1998 p. 12A
- Secretary of State: Certification of General Election Results, 2002
- "ADC Backs Baxley for Governor", The Birmingham News, May 14, 2006, p. 15A
- "State Employees Group Backs Baxley", The Birmingham News, May 13, 2006, p. 2B
- Secretary of State: Certification of Primary Election Results, Democratic Party, 2006
- "Letter to the Editor: State Doesn't Need More Comedy", The Montgomery Advertiser, September 13, 2006, p. A7
- "Baxley Blasts Riley over Contributions", The Birmingham News, July 29, 2006, p. 1B
- "Riley, Baxley Make Final Push for Office", The Birmingham News, November 6, 2006, p. 1A
- Secretary of State: Certification of General Election Results, 2006
- "'I LOVE LUCY' Signs Won Baxley Fame", The Birmingham News, March 8, 2000, p. 2B
- "Baxley Doctors Expect Baxley to Recover Fully from Stroke", The Montgomery Advertiser, November 25, 2006, p. A1
- "Lucy Baxley Released from Rehab Hospital", Mobile Press-Register, December 30, 2006, p. B2
- "Baxley Skips Senate Opening Because of Stroke Recovery", Mobile Press-Register, January 10, 2007, p. B2
- "Baxley Works Hard to Adjust to Life After Stroke", The Montgomery Advertiser, April 9, 2007, p. A1
- Article from the Decatur Daily at the Wayback Machine (archived November 24, 2004)
- RE/MAX Alabama: Lucy Baxley
George Wallace, Jr.
|Treasurer of Alabama
|Lieutenant Governor of Alabama
|Chair of the Alabama Public Service Commission
|Party political offices|
|Democratic nominee for Lieutenant Governor of Alabama
|Democratic nominee for Governor of Alabama