Thomas Kilby

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Thomas Kilby
Thomas Kilby.jpg
36th Governor of Alabama
In office
January 20, 1919 – January 15, 1923
Lieutenant Nathan L. Miller
Preceded by Charles Henderson
Succeeded by William W. Brandon
8th Lieutenant Governor of Alabama
In office
January 18, 1915 – January 20, 1919
Governor Charles Henderson
Preceded by Walter D. Seed Sr.
Succeeded by Nathan L. Miller
Member of the Alabama Senate
In office
Personal details
Born (1865-07-09)July 9, 1865
Lebanon, Tennessee
Died October 22, 1943(1943-10-22) (aged 78)
Anniston, Alabama
Resting place Highland Cemetery
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Mary Elizabeth Clark
Occupation Manufacturer

Thomas Erby Kilby Sr. (July 9, 1865 – October 22, 1943) was an American politician. He was the eighth Lieutenant Governor of Alabama and the 36th Governor of Alabama.


Kilby was born in Lebanon, Tennessee, and was educated in public schools. In 1887, he was an agent for the Georgia-Pacific Railroad in Anniston, Alabama. He became a successful businessman in the industrial and banking business.


He was a Democratic politician and served as mayor of Anniston, Alabama from 1905 to 1909. He served as Alabama State Senator from 1911 to 1915.

Kilby served as Lieutenant Governor of Alabama from 1915 to 1919, and as Governor of Alabama from 1919 to 1923[1]

In 1920, Kilby arbitrated the settlement of the lengthy and violent 1920 Alabama coal strike, ruling clearly against the demands of the United Mine Workers of America. The Child Welfare Department was created in 1919 during Kirby's governorship.[2]

Family life[edit]

Kilby married Mary Elizabeth Clark on June 5, 1894. They had three children.

Death and legacy[edit]

Kilby died on October 22, 1943 in Anniston, Alabama at the age of 78. He is buried at Highland Cemetery in Anniston.[3]

In 1921, he was depicted on the Alabama centennial half dollar, making him the first person ever to appear on a US coin while still alive.[4][5]

The old Kilby Prison & the current Kilby Correctional Facility are both named for Gov. Kilby.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Thomas Erby Kilby". Alabama Department of Archives & History. Retrieved August 20, 2012. 
  2. ^ "Thomas E. Kilby (1919-23)". Encyclopedia of Alabama. Retrieved August 20, 2012. 
  3. ^ "Thomas Erby Kilby". Find A Grave. Retrieved August 21, 2012. 
  4. ^ "Alabama Centennial Half Dollar". The Coin Site. Retrieved August 20, 2012. 
  5. ^ "Thomas E. Kilby in Local and State Government". AbeBooks. Retrieved August 20, 2012. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Walter D. Seed Sr.
Lieutenant Governor of Alabama
Succeeded by
Nathan L. Miller
Preceded by
Charles Henderson
Governor of Alabama
Succeeded by
William W. Brandon