Israel Pickens

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Israel Pickens
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from North Carolina's 12th district
In office
March 4, 1813 – March 3, 1817
Preceded by Meshack Franklin
Succeeded by Felix Walker
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from North Carolina's 11th district
In office
March 4, 1811 – March 3, 1813
Preceded by James Holland
Succeeded by Peter Forney
3rd Governor of Alabama
In office
November 9, 1821 – November 25, 1825
Preceded by Thomas Bibb
Succeeded by John Murphy
United States Senator
from Alabama
In office
February 17, 1826 – November 27, 1826
Preceded by Henry H. Chambers
Succeeded by John McKinley
Personal details
Born (1780-01-30)January 30, 1780
Concord, North Carolina
Died April 24, 1827(1827-04-24) (aged 47)
Matanzas, Cuba
Political party Democratic
Alma mater Jefferson College
Profession Lawyer

Israel Pickens (January 30, 1780 – April 24, 1827) was an American politician and lawyer, third Governor of the U.S. state of Alabama (1821–1825), member of the North Carolina Senate (1808–1810), and North Carolina Congressman in the United States House of Representatives (1811–1817).


Born in Concord, North Carolina, Pickens graduated from Jefferson College (now Washington & Jefferson College) in 1802, studied law and was admitted to the bar.

After serving as Governor, he was appointed to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy left by the death of Henry H. Chambers. He only served from February 17 to November 27, 1826, when the elected successor, John McKinley, took office.

In addition to politics, Pickens participated in the American Colonization Society and was interested in scientific research. He invented a lunar dial.

Pickens died in Matanzas, Cuba in 1827. He was originally buried in a family graveyard but his remains were later moved to City Cemetery, Greensboro, Alabama.[1]


  1. ^ "Political Graveyard: Hale County, Ala.". Retrieved 2012-03-09. 
United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
James Holland
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from North Carolina's 11th congressional district

Succeeded by
Peter Forney
Preceded by
Meshack Franklin
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from North Carolina's 12th congressional district

Succeeded by
Felix Walker
Political offices
Preceded by
Thomas Bibb
Governor of Alabama
Succeeded by
John Murphy
United States Senate
Preceded by
Henry H. Chambers
U.S. Senator (Class 3) from Alabama
Served alongside: William R. King
Succeeded by
John McKinley