He was born in Montague, Massachusetts on October 26, 1797. He moved with his parents to Cazenovia, New York in 1799. He attended the common schools, and learned the printer's trade in Peterboro, New York.
He established the Kennebec Journal in Augusta, Maine in 1825. He was elected a member of the Maine House of Representatives, and served in the Maine State Senate. He was elected as a Whig to the Twenty-eighth and Twenty-ninth Congresses in the United States House of Representatives (March 4, 1843–March 3, 1847).
He was vice president of the Whig National Convention in 1848. He served as United States commissioner (diplomatic rank similar to that of Ambassador) to the Kingdom of Hawaii 1850 through the end of 1853. He died in Augusta, Maine on January 25, 1855. His interment was in Forest Grove Cemetery.
- Henry Weld Severance (July 12, 1828 – February 11, 1908), who married Hannah Swann Child. He became the Hawaiian Consul for San Francisco.
- Anna Severance (April 12, 1831 – June 20, 1912), who married Marshal of the Kingdom of Hawaii William Cooper Parke
- Luther Severance (June 1, 1836 – July 8, 1917), who married Lucinda Maria Clark, daughter of Ephraim Weston Clark. He settled in Honolulu and later Hilo where he served as Postmaster of Hilo
- United States Congress. "Luther Severance (id: S000255)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- Paul T. Burlin (2006). "Chapter 5: Luther Severance: Whig Ideologue as Diplomat". Imperial Maine and Hawai'i: interpretive essays in the history of nineteenth-century American expansion. Lexington Books. pp. 95–134. ISBN 978-0-7391-1466-7.
- Beveridge, Pam (August 31, 2010). "Handwritten Record of Family of Theophilus Hamlin of Augusta, Maine". Heirlooms Reunited. Retrieved August 20, 2018.
- The History of Augusta, from the Earliest Settlement to the Present Time: With Notices of the Plymouth Company, and Settlements on the Kennebec; Together with Biographical Sketches and Genealogical Register. Clapp and North. 1870. pp. 932–933.
|U.S. House of Representatives|
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Maine's 3rd congressional district
March 4, 1843 – March 3, 1847
| U.S. Commissioner to Hawaii
June 7, 1850–December 1853
David L. Gregg
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