He was born in Montague, Massachusetts on October 26, 1797. He moved with his parents to Cazenovia, New York in 1799. He attended the common schools, and learned the printer's trade in Peterboro, New York.
He established the Kennebec Journal in Augusta, Maine in 1825. He was elected a member of the Maine House of Representatives, and served in the Maine State Senate. He was elected as a Whig to the Twenty-eighth and Twenty-ninth Congresses in the United States House of Representatives (March 4, 1843–March 3, 1847).
He was vice president of the Whig National Convention in 1848. He served as United States commissioner (diplomatic rank similar to that of Ambassador) to the Kingdom of Hawaii 1850 through the end of 1853. He died in Augusta, Maine on January 25, 1855. His interment was in Forest Grove Cemetery.
- United States Congress. "Luther Severance (id: S000255)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- Paul T. Burlin (2006). "Chapter 5: Luther Severance: Whig Ideologue as Diplomat". Imperial Maine and Hawai'i: interpretive essays in the history of nineteenth-century American expansion. Lexington Books. pp. 95–134. ISBN 978-0-7391-1466-7.
|United States House of Representatives|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Maine's 3rd congressional district
March 4, 1843 – March 3, 1847
|U.S. Commissioner to Hawaii
June 7, 1850–December 1853
David L. Gregg
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