MS Shoes

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MS Shoes East Ltd.[1]
Founded 17 March 1986 [1]
Founder Urmil Suri [1]
Defunct Active [2]
Headquarters Delhi, India
Area served
Europe, Australia[3]
Products Export of shoes and other footwear[1]

MS Shoes East Ltd. is a company established in Delhi, India on 17 March 1986[1] The main object of the company was to take over running business of exports in the name of Shoes East Propriety.[1] It attracted large investments before collapsing in February 1995. Many investors lost large sums of money.[4] The Bombay Stock Exchange closed for three days after the crash.[5] [6] [7]

In 2005, a rehabilitation scheme for the company was devised by the Board for Industrial and Financial Reconstruction.

Rise and fall[edit]

Pavan Sachdeva took over his father's Delhi-based shoe export business, mostly serving Western Europe, and launched the company as MS Shoes in 1986. He raised money from investors and borrowed large sums from financial institutions and banks.[4] [8] Sachdeva used intriguing ads created by the Delhi branch of Rediffusion to attract investors.[9]

During the period 1986-1993, the company won various export awards from the Council of Leather Exports, from Delhi Administration, and from the National Productivity Council.[1] The company came out with its first public issue in September, 1992, followed by a rights-cum-public issue of fully convertible debentures in November/December, 1993. In February 1995 the company made another rights-cum-public issue. The issue was to finance its diversification, setting up a twin-hotel project and yarn project, but it was undersubscribed and was subsequently devolved.[3][10] Shares were trading at Rs24 in 1993, and peaked at Rs502.5 in January 1995.[4] The underwriters to the public issue have been held to be liable to the extent of Rs. 98 crores.[11]

Apparently the share prices had been manipulated.[8][12] When MS Shoes crashed in March 1995 the collateral effects were so severe that the Bombay Stock Exchange had to be closed for three days.[5][6][7] More than Rs2.7 billion was lost.[4]

Investigations and charges[edit]

The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) started an investigation in 1995. In June 1997 the CBI sought permission from the government to lay charges against senior officials of the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) and SBI Capital Markets, a subsidiary of the State Bank of India.[13] Sachdeva was charged with violating the Companies Act and the Prevention of Corruption Act.[4] The Central Bureau of Investigation filed a closure report on the MS Shoes case in September 1998, which was accepted by the court.[14]

In 2003, the CBI reopened the case. Several civil and criminal charges were filed.[4] In April 2003 a Delhi Metropolitan Court issued a non-bailable warrant against Sachdeva for failing to pay back money owed to the Indian Air Force Benevolent Association.[15]

In June 2003 the Delhi High Court ordered that the company be sent to the Board for Industrial and Financial Reconstruction (BIFR). Few companies survive this process. In November 2005, MS Shoes was declared a sick company by the BIFR, and a plan was drawn up for its rehabilitation.[4][10]

Diversifications[edit]

Before its collapse, the company attempted the bids floated by Hudco in July, 1994 for 5 star hotel land and a constructed four star hotel by Hudco comprising 363 rooms, 9 restaurants and 25 shops. The promoter Pavan Sachdeva made a successful bid for the properties. The total bid was Rs. 177.10 crores for which Hudco issued the allotment letters. When the public issue was devolved, Hudco cancelled the allotments. MS Shoes also attempted to go into the yarn manufacture business.[10] The land value of Rs. 177.10 crores has increased more than ten times.[citation needed] MS Shoes has offered to buy the public shares to its existing public shareholders and presently promoters holding is 95%.[10]

Later development[edit]

The production and export turnover of MS Shoes increased from Rs. 25 crores in 1993 to Rs. 171.93 crores in 1995.[10] The company came up with public issues which were oversubscribed by more than 50 times. The reasons of sickness was devolvement of public issue and cancellation as well as forfeiture by Hudco of the amount paid of Rs. 68.68 crores by MS Shoes.[10] The promoters brought in Rs. 41.20 crores as on 31.3.2011 and Rs. 22.08 crores in March, 2014 which have been approved to be converted into equity.[10]

MS Shoes claims that it has won a 5-star hotel project.[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Company information, icicidirect.com, retrieved 5 July 2014
  2. ^ M S Shoes East Ltd stocks at appuonline.com
  3. ^ a b Company profile at indiainfoline.com, retrieved 5 July 2014
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Nirmala Ganapathy (6 Jun 2003). "MS Shoes has gone to the cleaners". The Indian Express. 
  5. ^ a b V S RAMA RAO (1 July 2009). "Capital Market Scams". Citeman Network. Retrieved 2012-05-01.  Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "citeman2009" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page). Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "citeman2009" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  6. ^ a b Arindram Nag (21 March 1995). "Payments Crisis Shuts Bombay Stock Market". The Moscow Times. Retrieved 2014-07-03. 
  7. ^ a b "Head of company arrested for cheating after scandal closes market". Associated Press. 7 April 1995. Retrieved 2014-07-03. 
  8. ^ a b "Rocking the market:Rigging and misinformation by MS Shoes brings BSE to a halt". India Today. 15 April 1995. Retrieved 2014-07-03. 
  9. ^ "A Chronology of Major Stock Scams". Business Today. 20 January 2002. Retrieved 2012-05-01. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f g Order, Board for Industrial and Financial Reconstruction
  11. ^ http://www.business-standard.com/article/special/ms-shoes-to-sue-dse-over-arbitrator-197042101064
  12. ^ Deepa Mehta. "TACKLING CORRUPTION: AN INDIAN PERSPECTIVE" (PDF). United Nations Asia and Far East Institute for the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders. Retrieved 2012-05-01. 
  13. ^ Gargi Chakrabarty (19 June 1997). "CBI cracks down on SBI Caps, Sebi officials in MS Shoes case". Business Standard. Retrieved 2012-05-01. 
  14. ^ http://www.business-standard.com/article/companies/cbi-cracks-dowm-on-sbi-caps-sebi-officeial-in-ms-shoes-case-197061901107
  15. ^ "Shoe baron gets NBW for IAF fraud". Indian Express. 19 Apr 2003. 
  16. ^ http://www.business-standard.com/article/special/drt-likely-to-auction-ms-shoes-properties-198061201046