MV Savarona

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Savarona, yate de Ataturk.JPG
Savarona at quay on the Bosphorus in 2014
Career (US) US flag 48 stars.svg
Name: Savarona
Owner: Emily Roebling Cadwallader
Builder: Blohm & Voss
Hamburg, Germany
Yard number: 490
Launched: February 28, 1931
Completed: March 1931
In service: 1931–1938
Fate: Sold to the Republic of Turkey
Career (Turkey) Flag of Turkey.svg
Name: Savarona
Owner: Republic of Turkey
Completed: Rebuilt 1989–1992/Modernized and Retrofitted as State Yacht 2014[1]
In service: 1938–1979, 1992–present
Status: State Yacht
General characteristics
Tonnage: 4,646 GT
Length: 408 ft (124 m) waterline
446 ft (136 m) - stern to bowsprit
Beam: 53 ft (16 m)
Height: 52 ft (16 m)
Draft: 20 ft (6.1 m)
Installed power: 2 × 3,600 hp (2.7 MW) diesel
Speed: 15.5 knots (28.7 km/h) cruising
18 knots (33 km/h) maximum
Capacity: 34
Crew: 44

The MV Savarona (also sometimes M/Y, for motor yacht) is the Presidential yacht of the Republic of Turkey reserved for the use of the President of Turkey. She was the largest in the world when launched in 1931, and remains, with a length of 136 m (446 ft), one of the world’s longest. Although owned by the government of Turkey, she had been briefly leased out to Turkish businessman Kahraman Sadıkoğlu. However, upon orders of the Turkish Government her lease was terminated and she reverted to the Turkish State. The MV Savarona is now the State Yacht of the Republic of Turkey and reserved for the use of the President.[2] The first time she was used again for an official reception was in March 2015.[3]

History[edit]

Named for an African swan living in the Indian Ocean, the ship was designed by Gibbs & Cox in 1931 for American heiress Emily Roebling Cadwallader, granddaughter of John A. Roebling, engineer of the Brooklyn Bridge. The ship was built by Blohm & Voss in Hamburg, Germany. She cost about $4 million ($57 million in 2010 dollars).[4] Equipped with Sperry gyro-stabilizers, she was described in 1949 by Jane's Fighting Ships as "probably the most sumptuously fitted yacht afloat."

In 1933, the ship was used as a filmset while on the North Sea off the German coast. It appearred prominently in the German science-fiction film Gold, starring Hans Albers and Brigitte Helm. The movie premiered in 1934.

In 1938, the Turkish government gifted the yacht for ailing leader Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, who spent only six weeks aboard before dying a few months later.

Throughout World War II, the ship lay idle in Kanlıca Bay on the Bosporus. In 1951, she was converted to the training ship Güneş Dil (English: Sun Language) and during the next years sailed to many countries. In October 1979, the ship was gutted by fire at the Turkish Naval Academy off Heybeliada Island in the Sea of Marmara. She lay virtually abandoned for ten years.

In 1989, she was chartered for 49 years by Turkish businessman Kahraman Sadıkoğlu. Over three years, his firm completely refurbished her for about $45 million, removing the original steam turbine engines and installing modern Caterpillar diesel engines. The ship was rebuilt at Tuzla Shipyards in Tuzla, a suburb of Istanbul, for the purpose of serving famous and important guests and helping to keep the memory of Atatürk alive.

Sadıkoğlu rented her out as a luxury cruise ship to private clients. In fall 2010, many Turkish media published news about the alleged presence of underage prostitutes in some of those cruises, causing a scandal.[5] Sadıkoğlu, who was not present at the cruise, put in doubt the allegations later.[6] Anyhow, the lease contract was rescinded and the Turkish government took the ship back.

After a new restoration period of 10 month, the Savarona was ready for official use in August 2014.[7] However, it was not until March 4, 2015, when President Recep Tayyip Erdogan had the first official reception on board, including a short cruise along the Bosporus, with his guest the Bosnian politician Bakir Izetbegović.[8]

Features[edit]

Savarona features a swimming pool, a Turkish bath, a 282-foot (86 m) gold-trimmed grand staircase that survived from her original construction, a movie theater, and a library suite dedicated to Atatürk, which is furnished with many of his personal artifacts. Under its charter operator the yacht was available for charter including the crew but not provisions.

Specifications[edit]

Source[9]

  • Length: 1949: 349'6" waterline - 408'6" overall; 2010: 408 ft. waterline – 446 ft. stern to bowsprit
  • Beam: 1949 and 2010: 53 ft.
  • Draft: 1949: 20'6" mean; 2010: 20 ft.
  • Tonnage: 1949: 5,710 tons displacement; 2010: 4,646 gross tonnage
  • Engines: 1949: 6 geared turbines, 2 shafts, 10,750 h.p.; 1993: 2 × 3,600 h.p. [twin Caterpillar 3608 diesel engines]
  • Boilers: 1949: 4 watertube, 400 lb. working pressure, oil fuel
  • Speed: 1949: 18 knots (originally 21); 2010: 15.5 knots cruising, 18 knots maximum
  • Radius: 1949: 9,000 miles at 15 knots
  • Crew: 1949: 79; 2010: 44
  • Staterooms: 2010: 17 double suites
  • Armament: 1949: 2 3-pdr. naval guns

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.sabah.com.tr/gundem/2014/08/20/ataturkun-yati-savarona-kullanima-hazir
  2. ^ http://www.hurriyet.com.tr/ekonomi/27038601.asp
  3. ^ Hürriyet Daily News, March 4th, 2015: Erdoğan uses Atatürk’s yacht for first time to host Bosnian leader
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ Hürriyet Daily News Sept 29th, 2010: Atatürk's yacht hits shoals of sex scandal
  6. ^ Hürriyet Daily News Oct 6th, 2010: Operator of scandal-hit yacht blames Turkish news media
  7. ^ Hürriyet Aug 23rd, 2014: Atatürk'ün yatı 'Savarona' kullanıma hazır
  8. ^ Hürriyet Daily News, March 4th, 2015: Erdoğan uses Atatürk’s yacht for first time to host Bosnian leader
  9. ^ 1949 figures are from Francis E. McMurtrie and Raymond V.B. Blackman, Jane's Fighting Ships 1949-50, p. 334. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company Inc., 1949.

External links[edit]

Note: Some of the below sites are commercial yacht-charter sites; however, they provide pictures and the history of the yacht.