Ma (myth)

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Ma is a Sumerian word meaning "land" that in Sumerian mythology was also used to regard Primordial Land.

There seems to be some loss in records as to the transition, but the same name Ma appears again later, also tied to the Earth, in Ma being referred to as "Mother of the mountain" - in this case, Kur (Mountain) the first dragon god.

The underworld Kur is the void space between the primeval sea (Abzu) and the earth (Ma). Which seem a likely pairing for parentage, in a fuzzy set of records.

Ma was a local goddess at Ma and a Phrygian alternative name for Cybele.


  • Pagans and Christians (1988) by Robin Lane Fox, page 536 ISBN 978-0060628529
  • this source below is not related, taken out of context:Ma (goddess) – entry in Encyclopædia Britannica
  • History of Art in Phrygia, Lydia, Caria and Lycia (2007) by George Perrot, page 30 ISBN 0548803196