Maeda Tsunanori

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Maeda Tsunanori
Maeda Tsunanori.jpg
Portrait of Maeda Tsunanori
Native name前田 綱紀
Born(1643-12-26)December 26, 1643
Edo, Japan
DiedJune 29, 1724(1724-06-29) (aged 80)
Burial placeNodayama Cemetery, Kanazawa, Japan
NationalityJapanese
PredecessorMaeda Mitsutaka
SuccessorMaeda Yoshinori
Spouse(s)daughter of Hoshina Masayuki
Partner(s)7 concubines
Children6 sons, 6 daughters, 3 adopted daughters
Parent(s)
  • Maeda Mitsutaka (father)
4th Daimyō of Kaga Domain
In office
1645–1723

Maeda Tsunanori (前田 綱紀, December 26, 1643 – June 29, 1724) was an Edo period Japanese samurai, and the 4th daimyō of Kaga Domain in the Hokuriku region of Japan. He was the 5th hereditary chieftain of the Kanazawa Maeda clan. His childhood name was "Inuchiyo" (犬千代).

Tsunanori was born at the Maeda clan residence in Edo as the eldest son of Maeda Mitsutaka. His mother was the daughter of Tokugawa Yorifusa of Mito Domain. Mitsutaka died in 1645 at the age of 29, leaving the domain in the hands of his 3-year-old son, and by order of the Tokugawa shogunate, Tsunanori's uncle, Maeda Toshitsune was named regent. Tsunanori was called Matsudaira Inuchiyo-maru in his youth, He underwent the genpuku ceremony in 1654, with Shōgun Tokugawa Ietsuna presiding and was awarded Senior 4th Rank, lower grade and the courtesy title of Sakonoe-shosho and Kaga-no-kami at that time. In 1658, he was wed to Suma-hime, the daughter of Hoshina Masayuki of Aizu Domain. However, this was a political marriage; she was only 10 years old, and died in 1666 at the age of 18. Tsunanori never formally remarried.[1]

In 1658, Toshitsune died, and Tsunanori was finally able to take full control of the domain. One of his first steps was to initiate a land reform program grouping villages into groups of ten in order to facilitate tax collection and opening of new rice lands. He also established a more systematic approach to famine relief and to medical care within the domain. He revised the domain laws which had been very severe since the time of Maeda Toshiie’s suppression of the Ikkō-ikki. Tsunanori also settled a long-simmering border dispute with Fukui Domain over who “owned” the holy mountain of Hakusan on the border of the two provinces. [1]

Tsunanori was also a noted patron of the arts, especially favoring the performance of Noh plays in the domain. He also amassed major collection of Japanese and Chinese literary works. However, he is perhaps best known for his development of the famous Kenroku-en gardens in Kanazawa.

In 1689, under Shōgun Tokugawa Tsunayoshi, the domain was accorded the same courtesy in audiences in Edo Castle as was extended to the Gosanke, and the kokudaka of the domain was reassessed at 1 million koku. [1]

Tsunanori retired from public life in 1723 and died in 1724 at the age of 82.

Family[edit]

  • Father: Maeda Mitsutaka
  • Mother: Tokugawa Ōhime (1627-1665), daughter of Tokugawa Yorinobu of Wakayama Domain
  • Wife: Sumahime (1648-1666)
  • Concubines:
    • Omiyo no Kata
    • Juen’in
    • Chosho-in
    • Hojuin
    • Omachi no Kata
    • Horin’in
    • Okoshi no Kata
  • Children:
    • Maeda Toshikiyo (1674-1675) by Omiyo no Kata
    • Senhime (1677-1681) by Juen’in
    • Ushihime (1680-1730) married Asano Yoshinaga by Juen’in
    • Reishoin (1677-1677) by Chosho-in
    • Toyohime (1687-1718) married Maeda Takasuke by Hojuin
    • Keihime (1689-1737) married Ikeda Yoshiyasu by Hojuin
    • Maeda Toshiakira (1691 – 1737) by Hojuin
    • Naohime (1693-1749) married Nijō Yoshitada by Hojuin
    • Yoshihime (1689-1693) by Omachi no Kata
    • Maeda Yoshinori by Omachi no Kata
    • Kumaru (1689-1689) by Horin’in
    • Masajuro (1698-1699) by Okoshi no Kata
  • Adopted Daughters:
    • Kyohime married Cho Hisatsura
    • Seihime married Sanjonishi Ginfuku
    • Utsuhime married Sakai tadayori

Honors[edit]

  • 1654: Senior 4th Grade, lower rank and Sakonoe-shosho
  • 1658: Sakonoe-chusho
  • 1693: Sangi
  • 1707: Senior Third Grade
  • 1723: Hizen-no-kami
  • 1909: Second Grade (posthumous)

References[edit]

  • Papinot, Edmond. (1948). Historical and Geographical Dictionary of Japan. New York: Overbeck Co.
  • 『江戸三百藩藩主列伝』 新人物往来社〈別冊歴史読本〉、2012年
  1. ^ a b c Wakabayashi, Kisaburo (1986). 前田綱紀 (in Japanese). 吉川弘文館. ISBN 4642050582.

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Maeda Mitsutaka
Japanese crest Kaga Umebachi.svg 4th (Maeda) daimyō of Kaga
1645–1723
Succeeded by
Maeda Yoshinori