Magnes (son of Aeolus)

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In Greek mythology, Magnes[pronunciation?] (Ancient Greek: Μάγνης) was the eponym and first king of Magnesia.

Mythology[edit]

Magnes was the son of Zeus and Thyia, daughter of Deucalion and brother of Makednos.[1] In Apollodorus' Bibliotheca, Magnes was placed in the later generation of the Deucalionides, for this time he was the son of Aeolus and Enarete and brother to Aeolian progenitors: Cretheus, Sisyphus, Athamas, Salmoneus, Deion, Perieres, Canace, Alcyone, Pisidice, Calyce and Perimede.[2]

He married an unnamed naiad that bore him Dictys and Polydectes.[1][3] The mother and the sons later emigrated and colonized the island of Seriphos. Polydectes became king of the island while his brother Dictys, a fisherman would later receive Danae and her son Perseus.[4][5]

The scholiast of Euripides called Magnes' wife as Philodice and his sons Eurynomus and Eioneus.[6][7] Otherwise, Eustathius named his wife as a certain Meliboea and mentions one son, Alector and adds that Magnes called the town of Meliboea, at the foot of mount Pelion, after his wife, and the country of Magnesia after his own name.[8]

Pierus, the father of Hyacinth by the Muse Clio, was also called a son of Magnes.[9] According to Tzetzes, Linus was also a son of Magnes by Clio.[10]

Comparative table of Magnes' family
Relation Names Sources
Hesiod Scholia on Euripides Apollodorus Hyginus Pausanias Eustathius Tzetzes
Parents Zeus and Thyia
Aeolus and Enarete
Aeolus
Siblings Macedon
Cretheus
Sisyphus
Athamas
Consorts Philodice - -
Naiad nymph
Meliboea
Unknown
Clio
Children Dictys
Polydectes
Pierus
Eurynomus
Eioneus
Alector
Linus

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Hesiod. Catalogue of Women, Fragment 3; Constantinus Porphyrogenitus. De Thematibus, 2 p. 48B.
  2. ^ Pseudo-Apollodorus. Bibliotheca, 1.7.3
  3. ^ Pseudo-Apollodorus. Bibliotheca, 1.9.6
  4. ^ Pseudo-Apollodorus. Bibliotheca, 2.4.1
  5. ^ Hyginus. Astronomica Book 2.12.1
  6. ^ Pausanias. Description of Greece, 6. 21. 11
  7. ^ Scholia on Euripides, Phoenician Women, 1760
  8. ^ Eustathius on Homer, p. 338
  9. ^ Pseudo-Apollodorus. Bibliotheca, 1.3.3
  10. ^ Tzetzes, Scholiast on Lycophron 831

References[edit]