Aeolus (son of Hellen)

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In Greek mythology, Aeolus[1] (/ˈləs/; Ancient Greek: Αἴολος, Aiolos [a͜ɪ́olos], Modern Greek: [ˈe.o.los] (About this sound listen) "quick-moving, nimble") was the ruler of Aeolia (later called Thessaly) and held to be the founder of the Aeolic branch of the Greek nation.

Mythology[edit]

Aeolus was the son of Hellen and the nymph Orseis, and a brother of Dorus, Xuthus and, in some sources, of Amphictyon (who is otherwise a brother of Hellen).[2] He married Enarete, daughter of Deimachus (otherwise unknown). Aeolus and Enarete had many children, although the precise number and identities of these children vary from author to author in the ancient sources.[3]

The great extent of country which this race occupied, and the desire of each part of it to trace its origin to some descendant of Aeolus, probably gave rise to the varying accounts about the number of his children. Some scholars contend that the most ancient and genuine story told of only four sons of Aeolus: Sisyphus, Athamas, Cretheus, and Salmoneus, as the representatives of the four main branches of the Aeolic race.[4] Other sons included Deioneus, Perieres, Cercaphas, Magnes, Macedon, and Aethlius. Another son is named Mimas, who provides a link to the third Aeolus in a genealogy that seems very contrived. Calyce, Peisidice, Perimede and Alcyone were counted among the daughters of Aeolus and Enarete.[5]

This Aeolus also had an illegitimate daughter named Arne, begotten on Melanippe, daughter of the Centaur Chiron. This Arne became the mother of the second Aeolus, by the god Poseidon.

COMPARATIVE TABLE OF AEOLUS' FAMILY ACCORDING TO VARIOUS SOURCES
Relation Names Sources
Homer Hesiod Hom. Hymns Hellanicus Euripides Apollonius Ovid Strabo Diodorus Apollodorus Hyginus Pausanias Clement
Parents Hellen and Orseis
Hellen
Zeus
Spouse Enarete
Aegiale
Children Cretheus
Sisyphus
Athamas
Salmoneus
Perieres
Macar or Macareus
Macedon
Minyas
Deion [6]
Alcyone
Cercaphus
Canace
Arne or Melanippe
Magnes
Pisidice
Calyce
Perimede
Antiope
Aethlius
Tanagra
Ceyx

Genealogy of Hellenes[edit]

Genealogy of Hellenes
 
 
Prometheus
 
Clymene
 
Epimetheus
 
Pandora
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Deucalion
 
Pyrrha
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Hellen
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Dorus
 
 
 
 
 
Xuthus
 
 
 
 
 
Aeolus
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
TectamusAegimius
 
AchaeusIon
 
MakednosMagnes

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chaucer's Eolus (de Weever, Jacqueline (1996). Chaucer Name Dictionary, s.v. "Eolus". (Garland Publishing) Retrieved on 2009-10-06
  2. ^ Smith, William. "Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology". The Ancient Library. Archived from the original on October 12, 2012. Retrieved March 14, 2013. 
  3. ^ Bibliotheca i. 7. §3; Scholium on Pindar's Pythian Ode iv. 190. In the Hesiodic Catalogue of Women (fr. 10(a)), his children are: Cretheus, Athamas, Sisyphus, Salmoneus, Deioneus, Perieres, Peisidice, Alcyone, Calyce, Canace and Perimede; one other son's name, perhaps Magnes, is lost in a lacuna.
  4. ^ Schmitz, Leonhard (1864), "Aeolus (1), (2) and (3)", in Smith, William, Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, 1, p. 35 
  5. ^ Apollodorus i. 7. ~ 3)
  6. ^ not clearly stated but as suggested by the passage, Cephalus, the grandson of Aeolus which directs to him.