Major John Andre Monument

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Major John André Monument
Major John Andre Monument, Tappan, NY - main view.jpg
Major John André Monument, April 2015
Major John Andre Monument is located in New York
Major John Andre Monument
Location 42 Andre Hill, Tappan, New York
Coordinates 41°1′17″N 73°57′17″W / 41.02139°N 73.95472°W / 41.02139; -73.95472Coordinates: 41°1′17″N 73°57′17″W / 41.02139°N 73.95472°W / 41.02139; -73.95472
Area less than one acre
Built 1879
Architect Taseman & Co.; Olmstead, B.S.
Governing body Local
NRHP Reference # 06001001[1]
Added to NRHP November 8, 2006

Major John André Monument, also known as the Site of Major John André's Hanging and Burial, is a historic monument located at Tappan in Rockland County, New York. It is a gray granite monument erected in 1879 and approximately 40 inches square and 58 inches tall. It is located in a circular plot approximately 31 feet in diameter. It commemorates the site of the hanging of Major John André on October 2, 1780.[2]

It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2006.[1]

The monument was constructed in 1879 by millionaire Cyrus W. Field. It was dedicated on October 2, 1879

The monument caused quite a bit of controversy when it was first constructed. It was vandalized, and then had its base blown up twice by persons who felt that a monument to a British spy was an insult to George Washington. For this reason a bronze tablet was later added to commemorate the bravery of Washington and his generals during a crisis of the war.

There were three attempts to destroy the monument: On February 22, 1882, the monument was hacked and mutilated by George Hendrix, of New York City. On March 30, 1882 at 11:35 PM, an explosion slightly damaged the monument. On November 3, 1885 at 10:00 PM, an explosion destroyed the iron fence surrounding the monument and toppled the monument.

After Cyrus Field's death, his heirs refused to pay the taxes of $6.38 on the property. Rockland County put the land up for auction in 1903. There were no bidders and Rockland County assumed ownership of the monument and land.

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References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. 
  2. ^ Nancy J. Goblet and William E. Krattinger (November 2003). "National Register of Historic Places Registration: Major John André Monument". New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation. Retrieved 2010-05-14.  See also: "Accompanying two photos". 

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