The Malaya Mountains were a range of mountains that were mentioned in the Hindu sacred texts like Matsya Purana, the Kurma Purana, the Vishnu Purana, and the epics of the Ramayana and the Mahabharata.
The Vishnu Purana specifically mentions it amongst the seven main chains of mountains in Bharata (ancient name of India), namely Mahendra, Malaya, Sahya, Śuktimat, Riksha, Vindhya, and Páripátra. According to the Matsya Purana, during the Great flood, the giant boat of King Manu was perched after the deluge on the top of the Malaya Mountains.
These mountains are believed to have formed the southernmost part (Southwards starting from the Mangalore region) of the Western Ghats, modern day Kerala while the Northern part of the same was called the Sahya Mountains. . The peaks of these Malaya mountains were said to be higher than those of the Sahya Mountains. The Anaimalai and Nilgiri form some of its higher ranges. Believably in the Ramayana and Mahabharata ages, and later in the period of recorded history, it might have been the junction of the Chera and Pandya Kingdoms. Sangam Literature calls these mountains Pothigai.
- "The Vishnu Purana: Book II: Chapter III". p. 174. Retrieved 2014-03-26.
- D.C. Sircar (1 January 1990). Studies in the Geography of Ancient and Medieval India. Motilal Banarsidass Publ. pp. 243–. ISBN 978-81-208-0690-0.
- Diana L Eck (2012). India: A Sacred Geography. Crown Publishing Group. pp. 125–. ISBN 978-0-385-53191-7.
- The Matsya Purana