In Hindu tradition, Manu is the name accorded to the progenitor of humanity, who appears in the world at the start of a new kalpa (aeon), after universal destruction. According to the Puranas, 14 Manus appear in each kalpa. The period of each Manu is called Manvantara.
The current world is that of Vaivasvata, the seventh Manu of the aeon of the white boar (sveta varaha kalpa). Vaivasvata, also known as Sraddhadeva or Satyavrata, was the king of Dravida before the great flood. He was warned of the flood by the Matsya avatar of Vishnu, and built a boat that carried his family and the seven sages to safety, helped by Matsya. The earliest extant text that mentions this story is the Satapatha Brahmana (dated variously from 700 BCE to 300 BCE). The myth is repeated with variations in other texts, including the Mahabharata and the various Puranas. It is similar to other flood myths such as that of Gilgamesh and Noah.
Manus of the current kalpa
- Vaivasvata (the current Manu)
- Daksa Sarvani
- Brahma Sarvani
- Dharma Sarvani
- Rudra Sarvani
- Deva Sarvani
- Indra Sarvani
Most texts agree on the names of the first 9 manus, but there is some disagreement on the names of the subsequent Manus.
The lifespan of a Manu is called manvantara. According to the Bhagavad Gita, the lifespan of one Manu is 71 Mahayugas (306,720,000 years), and each Mahayuga is 4,320,000 years. The present Manu has already lived for 28 Mahayugas, which is 120,960,000 years." (Srimad Bhagavatam 4.30.49).
Works ascribed to the Manus
The texts ascribed to the Svayambhuva Manu include Manava Grihyasutra, Manava Sulbasutra and Manava Dharmashastra (Manusmṛti or "rules of Manu"). Manusmriti is considered by some Hindus to be the law laid down for humans and is seen as the most important and earliest metrical work of the Dharmaśāstra textual tradition of Hinduism. At the same time it is a Smriti, so whenever there is a conflict between what is mentioned in it and that mentioned in sruti (Vedas and Upanishads) the latter is considered to be correct as it holds higher spiritual authority.
In Jainism, there are 14 patriarchs (Kulakara) in each of the two cycles. As per Jain Cosmology, as the cycle starts, Kalpavriksha starts disappearing. Then, these Kulakara teach people how to conduct worldy deeds. 14th of the Kulakara of current cycle was Nabhiraja, father of 1st Tirthankara Rishabha (Ikshvaku).
In modern literature
In The Immortals of Meluha, Manu is said to be a prince from south India. His family, the Pandyas having ruled the mythical land of Sangamatamil for many generations. The decadence of the Kings incurred the wrath of the gods. A great deluge submerged the entire civilization. Manu having foreseen this escaped with his followers to the higher northern lands. Manu turned into an ascetic. Eventually Manu's prayers pacified the gods and the water abated.
The word pundit is derived from the family name Pandyas. Pundit means 'learned one-.
- Proto-Indo-European religion, §Brothers
- Minos, king of Crete, son of Zeus and Europa.
- Manes, king of Lydia
- Nu'u, Hawaiian mythological character who built an ark and escaped a Great Flood.
- Nüwa, goddess in Chinese mythology best known for creating mankind.
- Ziusudra, hero of the Sumerian flood epic
- Alain Daniélou (11 February 2003). A Brief History of India. Inner Traditions / Bear & Co. pp. 19–. ISBN 978-1-59477-794-3.
- Klaus K. Klostermaier (5 July 2007). A Survey of Hinduism: Third Edition. SUNY Press. p. 97. ISBN 978-0-7914-7082-4.
- Swami Sivapriyananda (1990). Astrology and Religion in Indian Art. Abhinav. p. 40. ISBN 978-81-7017-231-4.
- His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada. Teachings of Lord Caitanya (Third Edition): The Golden Avatara. The Bhaktivedanta Book Trust. pp. 109\u2013. ISBN 978-91-7149-730-7.
- "Bhagavad Gita Chapter 8 Verse 17". Vedabase.net. Retrieved 2012-03-17.
- "Srimad Bhagavatam Canto 4 Chapter 30 Verse 49". Vedabase.net. Retrieved 2010-12-08.
- The Laws of Manu. See 63: These seven very glorious Manus, the first among whom is Svayambhuva, produced and protected this whole movable and immovable (creation), each during the period (allotted to him).
- See Flood 1996: 56 and Olivelle 2010.