|This article does not cite any sources. (December 2009) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
Stretching from the northern Horowhenua around Levin in the south to Marton in the north, this great triangular area of low-lying land extends inland from the South Taranaki Bight almost as far as Ashhurst at the mouth of the Manawatu Gorge, and covers an area of around 1,000 square kilometres (390 sq mi).
In the south, around Lake Horowhenua, the plains were once an extensive wetland, which has been largely drained and turned into profitable dairy farming land. There are conservation moves in progress to restore some of these wetlands to their former state.
Further north, the plains provide the basis for the economy which drives the city of Palmerston North and the towns of Foxton, Feilding and Bulls, all of which rely on the agricultural dollar to an extent.
As floodplains, the land is not always entirely dry land, and although the area receives slightly below the national average rainfall, floods can occur, as happened most recently around the township of Tangimoana in early 2004.