Manda, Jammu

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Manda, Jammu is located in India
Manda, Jammu
Shown within India
Location Manda, Jammu and Kashmir, India
Coordinates 32°56′00″N 74°48′00″E / 32.93333°N 74.80000°E / 32.93333; 74.80000Coordinates: 32°56′00″N 74°48′00″E / 32.93333°N 74.80000°E / 32.93333; 74.80000
Type Settlement
Cultures Indus Valley Civilization

Manda is a village near Jammu in India. It is considered to be the most northern site belonging to the Indus Valley Civilisation. It was excavated by Archaeological Survey of India during 1976-77 by J. P. Joshi.[1]


Excavation at Manda revealed a 9.20 m deposit with threefold sequence with two sub periods in Period I. Period II has early historical pottery of types comparable with those of same period from Northern part of India and period III is represented by Kushan antiquities and house walls with 3 m wide street.[2] After the Kushan period, the site seems to have been deserted.[1]

Historical significance[edit]

Manda is situated on the right bank of Chenab River in the foothills of Pir Panjal range, 28 km northwest of Jammu, and is considered the northernmost limit of Indus Valley or Harappan Civilisation.[2]

It is considered a site established to procure wood from Himalayan Sub hills and send it downriver to other towns of the Indus Valley Civilisation.[3] As this site is situated at Himalayan foothills, it gets significance by establishing northernmost limit of geological boundary of Indus Valley Civilisation.

Artefacts found[edit]

Pre Harappan Red ware (15%-25%) Harappan Red ware, including jars, dishes, dishes-on-stand, beakers, goblets etc. and copper double spiral headed spin (having west Asian affinity), tangled bone arrow-heads, terracotta bangles, cakes, chert blade etc.[1]

Significant finds include potsherds bearing incised Harappan Script and one unfinished seal.[1]

Further scope[edit]

Due to the restricted nature of the dig undertaken, no specific structures could be exposed, except a collapsed rubble wall-like structure.[1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e Indian Archaeology 1976-77, A Review. Archeologival Survey of India, New Delhi.1980. Page 19-21. ASI
  2. ^ a b Archaeological Survey of India
  3. ^ McIntosh, Jane.(2008) The Ancient Indus Valley, New Perspectives. ABC-CLIO.Page 209,412

External links[edit]

Map of Indus Valley Civilisation sites [1]