Margaret Stefana Drower

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Margaret Stefana Drower

Born1911 (1911)
Died2012 (aged 100–101)
Parent(s)Edwin and Ethel Stefana Drower
Academic background
Alma materUniversity College London
Academic work
Sub-disciplineAncient Near East
InstitutionsUniversity College London
Notable worksFlinders Petrie: A Life in Archaeology

Margaret Stefana Drower MBE (1911–2012) was a historian of Ancient Near Eastern History and Egyptology. She was awarded the MBE and elected a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries of London.[1][2] She wrote the definitive biography of Flinders Petrie.[3]

Early life[edit]

Drower was the daughter of Edwin Drower, a British diplomat, and Ethel Stefana Drower, an anthropologist, specialist on the Mandaeans and (under the name E. S. Stevens) a well-published author of romantic novels. She was a student of Flinders Petrie, Margaret Murray and Stephen Glanville, and become one of the first Egyptology graduates from University College London (UCL).[1]


Drower's excavations included Armant with O. H. Myers, Robert Mond and Ali Suefi, and at Amarna with John Pendlebury. Stephen Glanville recommended her for a post in the History department at UCL.

During the Second World War she worked with Freya Stark at the Baghdad Ministry of Information, using her skill as an Arabic speaker. After the war she returned to UCL to become a Reader in Ancient History and developed the Ancient History/Egyptology degree. After her retirement she became a Fellow of UCL and a visiting professor at the Institute of Archaeology.

She contributed to many books, especially the Cambridge Ancient History series, and documentary programmes on the ancient Middle East. Her key work was on the life and correspondence of Flinders Petrie.[1]


  • Petrie, W M Flinders; Hilda Petrie, Lady; Drower, Margaret S (2004), Letters from the desert : the correspondence of Flinders and Hilda Petrie, Aris and Phillips, ISBN 9780856687488
  • Drower, Margaret S (1985), Flinders Petrie : A life in archaeology, Gollancz, ISBN 9780575036673
  • Edwards, I E S (1975), Edwards, I. E. S; Gadd, C. J; Hammond, N. G. L; Sollberger, E (eds.), The Cambridge ancient history. / Vol. 2. Part 2, History of the Middle East and the Aegean region, c. 1380-1000 B.C (PDF), Cambridge University Press, doi:10.1017/CHOL9780521086912, ISBN 0511466773
  • Edwards, I E S (1973), Edwards, I. E. S; Gadd, C. J; Hammond, N. G. L; Sollberger, E (eds.), The Cambridge ancient history. / Vol. 2. Part 1, History of the Middle East and the Aegean region, c. 1800-1380 B.C (PDF), Cambridge University Press, doi:10.1017/CHOL9780521082303, ISBN 0511466765
  • Patrick, Richard; Drower, Margaret S (1972), All colour book of Egyptian mythology, Cathay Books, ISBN 9780861780396
  • Drower, Margaret S; Sorrell, Alan (1970), Nubia: a drowning land, New York, Atheneum, OCLC 445809
  • Drower, Margaret S (1970), Syria c. 1550-1400 B.C, Cambridge ancient history. Rev. ed., fasc. 64, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 9780521074117
  • Drower, Margaret S; Bottéro, Jean (1968), Syria before 2200 B.C, Cambridge ancient history. Rev. ed., fasc. 55, London, Cambridge University Press, OCLC 41788
  • Drower, Margaret S (1968), Ugarit, Cambridge ancient history. Rev. ed., fasc. 63, University Press, ISBN 9780521073219
  • Drower, Margaret S; Wood, Roger (1965), Umetnost Egipta (in Serbian), Jugoslavija, ISBN 9780299146238, OCLC 440612497
  • Wood, Roger; Drower, Margaret S (1964), Egypt in color, New York, McGraw-Hill, OCLC 475265
  • Drower, Margaret S (1942), The political approach to the classical world, Glanville, Stephen Ranulph Kingdon, ed. The legacy of Egypt.: Clarendon, OCLC 80184598
  • Glanville, S R K (1942), The legacy of Egypt, Oxford, Clarendon Press, OCLC 910976
  • Mond, Robert; Myers, Oliver Humphrys; Drower, Margaret Stefana (1940), Temples of Armant : A preliminary survey, Memoir, 43, The Egypt Exploration Society, ISBN 9780299146238, OCLC 601564227
  • Drower, Margaret S (June 1995), The domestication of the horse, The domestication and exploitation of plants and animals, S. 471-478, ISBN 9780299146238, OCLC 605737110{{citation}}: CS1 maint: location (link)
  • Margaret S. Drower (2004). "Petrie, Sir (William Matthew) Flinders". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Matthew, H. C. G., editor; Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/35496. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)


  1. ^ a b c "Margaret Stefana Drower". University College London. 16 November 2012.
  2. ^ Drower, Margaret (2004). Letters from the desert: the correspondence of Flinders and Hilda Petrie. Warminster: Aris & Phillips. ISBN 0856687480.
  3. ^ Drower, Margaret S. (1995). Flinders Petrie a life in archaeology (2nd ed.). Madison, Wis.: University of Wisconsin Press. ISBN 9780299146238.